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    • Amanda Briney
    • Geography Expert
    • Norway. Norway is located on the Scandinavian Peninsula between the North Sea and the northern Atlantic Ocean. It has an area of 125,020 square miles (323,802 sq km) and 15,626 miles (25,148 km) of coastline.
    • Sweden. Also located on the Scandinavian Peninsula, Sweden is bordered by Norway on the west and Finland on the east. The nation, which sits along the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia, covers an area of 173,860 square miles (450,295 sq km) and has 1,999 miles (3,218 km) of coastline.
    • Denmark. Denmark borders Germany to the north and occupies the Jutland Peninsula. Its coastlines cover 4,545 miles (7,314 km) of land along the Baltic and North seas.
    • Finland. Finland lies between Sweden and Russia with Norway to its north. This country covers a total land area of 130,558 square miles (338,145 sq km) and has 776 miles (1,250 km) of coastline along the Baltic Sea, the Gulf of Bothnia, and the Gulf of Finland.
  1. Oct 20, 2020 · What Countries Makeup Scandinavia? If you are planning to visit Scandinavia to witness the beauty of Northern Europe, it is better to learn a bit about the countries. A lot of people are not even sure about what country makes up Scandinavia but that’s okay because there is a lot of confusion around this question. In reality, Denmark, Sweden ...

  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › ScandinaviaScandinavia - Wikipedia

    Scandinavia (/ ˌ s k æ n d ɪ ˈ n eɪ v i ə / SKAN-di-NAY-vee-ə) is a subregion in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural, and linguistic ties.. In English usage, Scandinavia can refer to Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, sometimes more narrowly to the Scandinavian Peninsula, or more broadly to include Åland, the Faroe Islands, Finland, and Iceland.

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  4. Apr 11, 2020 · The countries that make up Scandinavia are Sweden, Norway and Denmark. Finland and Iceland are sometimes included as well. Sweden, Norway and Finland are found on the actual Scandinavian peninsula in the north of Europe. Denmark is on a peninsula in the north of continental Europe, and Iceland is an island in the North Atlantic.

  5. The most northern point of Scandinavia is the Nordkap in Norway. In the south of the country is Scandinavia's highest peak, the Galdhøpiggen with an elevation of more than 2,400 meters. left: Scandinavian Peninsula with Norway and Sweden. right: The “usual” Scandinavian countries Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.

    • What Is The Difference Between Scandinavia and Nordic Countries
    • Denmark
    • Norway
    • Sweden
    • Iceland
    • Finland

    Scandinavia historically encompassed the kingdoms of Sweden, Norway, and Denmark. Formerly, Finland was part of Sweden, and Iceland had belonged to Denmark and Norway. There has been a long-standing disagreement as to whether Finland and Iceland should being considered Scandinavian countries or not. Geographically speaking, Finland and Iceland are not a part of the Scandinavian peninsula, and therefore not truly Scandinavian countries. To fix the divide, the French stepped in to diplomatically smooth out the terminology by dubbing Finland, Iceland, Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, Nordic countries. All of the countries, with the exception of Finland, share a common language branch—Scandinavian languages that stem from the Germanic family. What makes Finland unique is that its language aligns more with the Finn-Uralic family of languages. Finnish is more closely related to Estonian and lesser-known languages spoken around the Baltic Sea. Because of Nordic countries' location, they have r...

    The southernmost Scandinavian country, Denmark, consists of the Jutland peninsula and over 400 islands, some of which are linked to the mainland by bridges. Almost all of Denmark is low and flat, but there are many low hills as well. Windmills and traditional thatched cottages can be seen everywhere. The Faroe Islands and Greenland both belong to the Kingdom of Denmark. Bicycling is an integral part of Danish culture and most of the country is cyclist friendly. The official language is Danish, and the capital city is Copenhagen.

    Norway is also called "The Land of Vikings" or "The Land of the Midnight Sun," The northernmost country in Europe, Norway has a jagged expanse of islands and fjords. The maritime industry sustains the economy. The official language is Norwegian, and the capital city is Oslo.

    Sweden, a land of numerous lakes, is the largest of the Scandinavian countries both in land size and population. The car companies Volvo and Saab both originated there and are a big part of the Swedish industry. Swedish citizens are independently minded and highly regard their people-oriented social programs, especially women's rights. The official language is Swedish, and the capital city is Stockholm.

    With a surprisingly mild climate, Iceland is Europe's westernmost country and the second largest island in the North Atlantic ocean (Greenland is the largest). Flight time to Iceland is 3 hours, 30 minutes from the European mainland. Iceland has a strong economy, low unemployment, low inflation, and its per capita income is among the highest in the world. The official language is Icelandic, and the capital city is Reykjavik.

    Another country where the weather is better than many tourists expect, Finland has one of the lowest immigration rates in the world. It also has the highest per capita consumption of coffee in the world (consuming an average of 26 pounds of coffee each year). Finland was a part of Sweden for around 700 years and as a result the two countries have similar legal, economic, and social systems. The official language is Finnish, which is also called Suomi. Swedish is also recognized as an official language. The capital city is Helsinki.

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