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    • Amanda Briney
    • Geography Expert
    • Norway. Norway is located on the Scandinavian Peninsula between the North Sea and the northern Atlantic Ocean. It has an area of 125,020 square miles (323,802 sq km) and 15,626 miles (25,148 km) of coastline.
    • Sweden. Also located on the Scandinavian Peninsula, Sweden is bordered by Norway on the west and Finland on the east. The nation, which sits along the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia, covers an area of 173,860 square miles (450,295 sq km) and has 1,999 miles (3,218 km) of coastline.
    • Denmark. Denmark borders Germany to the north and occupies the Jutland Peninsula. Its coastlines cover 4,545 miles (7,314 km) of land along the Baltic and North seas.
    • Finland. Finland lies between Sweden and Russia with Norway to its north. This country covers a total land area of 130,558 square miles (338,145 sq km) and has 776 miles (1,250 km) of coastline along the Baltic Sea, the Gulf of Bothnia, and the Gulf of Finland.
  1. Oct 20, 2020 · If you are planning to visit Scandinavia to witness the beauty of Northern Europe, it is better to learn a bit about the countries. A lot of people are not even sure about what country makes up Scandinavia but that’s okay because there is a lot of confusion around this question. In reality, Denmark, Sweden, and Norway make up the Scandinavia.

  2. Scandinavia is a region located in Europe.The actual nations that make up Scandinavia vary based on who you ask. In Europe, Scandinavia is a term used to describe the region made up by Denmark, Norway, and Sweden.

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  4. Mar 01, 2020 · After that time, Norway and Sweden were under one kingdom until Norway’s independence in 1905. “Scania” and “Scandinavia” are considered to have the same etymology. The meaning of Scandinavia is a group of countries in northern Europe that includes Denmark, Norway and Sweden, sometimes also Finland, Iceland and the Faroe Islands.

    • A Quick Explanation of Northern Europe
    • Norway
    • Sweden
    • Denmark
    • The Faroe Islands
    • The Sort-Of Scandinavian Countries

    Norway and Sweden share the Scandinavian peninsula, which stretches from way north of the Arctic Circle down to the shores of the Baltic Sea, covering a total area of around 289,500 square miles. Denmark is also considered a Scandinavian country. The three countries share very similar languages and culture. At one point the three countries were also joined together in the Kalmar Union. At other points in time, Norway was ruled by Denmark and later entered a similar arrangement with Sweden. The Nordic regionis a wider term, including Finland and Iceland. Through the Nordic Union, all the Nordic countries work together on a political level, but there are more differences between the individual nations. Now, let's take a closer look at the three Scandinavian countries:

    The terrain of Norwayvaries hugely, from high mountain plateaus down to fjords that were carved out by retreating and melting glaciers. Some glacial ice still remains on higher ground. The extensive coastline runs for more than 15,000 miles (25,000 km) and is known for its countless fjords and islands. Although Norway's climateis like the rest of northern Europe quite cold and wet, it is not as cold as some expect due to the warming effect of the Gulf Stream. Norway's economyis driven by its massive petroleum, gas and energy industries, but shipping and fishing are also important. The seafood industry is responsible for the country's second biggest export category after energy. Norway's population of roughly 5.3 million enjoy one of the highest standards of living in the world thanks in parts to the wealth amassed in the government's Oil Fund. The Norwegian capital city is Oslo, home to around 600,000 people, but more than one million live in the surrounding region. The Vigeland Scu...

    Although it shares the vast peninsula with Norway, Swedenlooks and feels quite different. Mountains line the western border, but much of the rest of the country is flat and known for its huge number of lakes. Its population of almost 10 million makes it easily the biggest of the three Scandinavian countries. Much of Sweden's population lives in the southern part of the country, in or around the major cities. The country's economy is driven by manufacturing, timber and energy, but technology is playing an ever more important role. Tourism is important too, with people attracted to the country from all over the world. Agriculture and farming are only of partial importance these days. That being said, the nation does produce plenty of barley, wheat, meat and dairy products. The capital of Sweden is also the biggest cityin the entire Nordic region. Almost 1 million people live in the municipality with a further half a million in the wider urban area. Stockholm is the seat of Swedish gov...

    Last but not least, Denmarkoccupies the land known as the Jutland peninsula, immediately to the north of Germany. There are several other islands also included in Denmark. It is the only one of the Scandinavian countries not to have any land on the Scandinavian peninsula. At just 16,638 square miles (about 43,000 square km), Denmark is also the smallest of the three countries. The country is distinct from its northern neighbours as it's largely made up of low, flat plains. So much so, that the highest point in the nation is only 561 feet (171m) above sea level. This flat terrain is at least partly responsible for the boom in cycling. Copenhagen in rush hour is a sight to behold, with commuters riding bikes on a dedicated network of cycle lanes easily outnumbering people driving cars. Denmark's economy is modern with a high-tech agricultural sector and advanced manufacturing operations. It is home to world-leading companies in pharma, maritime and renewable energy, and is a net expor...

    A set of autonomous islands within the Kingdom of Denmark, the Faroe Islands are sometimes included within the definition of Scandinavia as they share currency, culture and, to a certain extent, language. Faroese is the official language while Danish is taught in schools and can be used by the Faroese government in public relations. As with the rest of the region, many people speak excellent English. A self-governing country since 1948, the Faroes have an independent trade policy and can establish trade agreements with other states, they have their own representation in the Nordic Council, and their own national football team that competes in international competitions.

    Nordic nations Finland and Iceland are sometimes included in a broader definition of Scandinavia, but this is not technically correct. The correct term for the wider region is the Nordic region. All the Nordic countries share much in common. Both Finland and Iceland use Nordic cross flagsand share a certain amount of culture and history in common with the Scandinavian countries. While not all are EU members, the group of countries cooperates through the Nordic Council. At just under 5.5 million people, Finlandhas a similar population to Norway. Capital city Helsinki is home to the 18th-century Suomenlinna sea fortress, the mega-hip Design District and fascinating range of museums. Although the country shares much with its neighbours to the west, the Finnish language is completely different. As such, most Finnish schoolchildren learn Swedish as a second language, and are also fluent in English by the time they become adults. With a population of less than half a million people, Icela...

  5. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › ScandinaviaScandinavia - Wikipedia

    Scandinavia (/ ˌ s k æ n d ɪ ˈ n eɪ v i ə / SKAN-di-NAY-vee-ə) is a subregion in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural, and linguistic ties.. In English usage, Scandinavia can refer to Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, sometimes more narrowly to the Scandinavian Peninsula, or more broadly to include the Åland Islands, the Faroe Islands, Finland, and Iceland.

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