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  1. Oct 20, 2020 · If you are planning to visit Scandinavia to witness the beauty of Northern Europe, it is better to learn a bit about the countries. A lot of people are not even sure about what country makes up Scandinavia but that’s okay because there is a lot of confusion around this question. In reality, Denmark, Sweden, and Norway make up the Scandinavia.

    • Amanda Briney
    • Geography Expert
    • Norway. Norway is located on the Scandinavian Peninsula between the North Sea and the northern Atlantic Ocean. It has an area of 125,020 square miles (323,802 sq km) and 15,626 miles (25,148 km) of coastline.
    • Sweden. Also located on the Scandinavian Peninsula, Sweden is bordered by Norway on the west and Finland on the east. The nation, which sits along the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia, covers an area of 173,860 square miles (450,295 sq km) and has 1,999 miles (3,218 km) of coastline.
    • Denmark. Denmark borders Germany to the north and occupies the Jutland Peninsula. Its coastlines cover 4,545 miles (7,314 km) of land along the Baltic and North seas.
    • Finland. Finland lies between Sweden and Russia with Norway to its north. This country covers a total land area of 130,558 square miles (338,145 sq km) and has 776 miles (1,250 km) of coastline along the Baltic Sea, the Gulf of Bothnia, and the Gulf of Finland.
  2. Apr 11, 2020 · The countries that make up Scandinavia are Sweden, Norway and Denmark. Finland and Iceland are sometimes included as well. Sweden, Norway and Finland are found on the actual Scandinavian peninsula in the north of Europe. Denmark is on a peninsula in the north of continental Europe, and Iceland is an island in the North Atlantic.

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    • Contents
    • Denmark
    • Sweden
    • Norway

    The Kingdom of Denmark consists of the Jutland Peninsula, which lies on Germany’s northern border, and an archipelago of 440 islands. The country’s capital, Copenhagen, is situated on the east coast of one of the archipelago’s larger islands, known as Zealand. The coastline of Denmark comprises a total of 7,300 km. Denmark’s total land area is 42,430 sq. km. To the east of Denmark, across the Oresund and Kattegat Straits, is Sweden. To Denmark’s north, across the Skagerrak Strait, is Norway. The North Sea and the Baltic Sea are located west and east of Denmark respectively. Denmark is a country of approximately 5.8 million people. The largest cities in the country are the capital, Copenhagen, Arhus, which is situated on the east coast of the Jutland Peninsula, and Odense, located on the island of Funen. Around 86% of Denmark’s population is considered ethnically Danish, though this figure also includes people from Greenland, who are mainly Inuit, and Faroese from the Danish-controll...

    The Kingdom of Swedenis situated between Norway to the west and Finland to the east. Denmark lies across the Oresund and Kattegat Straits to the west and south. The Gulf of Bothnia also separates most of Sweden from Finland. Sweden’s total land area is 410,340 sq. km, making it the largest country in Scandinavia. The total population of Sweden is about 10.1 million, of which around 80% are ethnic Swedes. The largest city in Sweden is its capital, Stockholm, which has about 1.5 million residents. Other large cities include Goeteborg and Malmoe. Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy. The Swedish monarch is the ceremonial head of state, while the government is headed by a prime minister and cabinet. The Swedish parliament, called the Rikstag, consists of 349 members elected to 4 year terms. Like Denmark, Sweden uses a system of proportional representation to elect members of its parliament. The Swedes have a name for their own way of living, lagom. In fact, th...

    The Kingdom of Norwayis situated to the west of Sweden. Denmark lies to Norway’s south, across the Skagerrak Strait, while the aptly named Norwegian Sea lies off Norway’s western coastline. Norway’s total land area is 365,268 sq. km. The country’s total population is about 5.45 million, which makes Norway the least populous country in Scandinavia. Approximately 83% of Norway’s population is ethnic Norwegian. This includes the Sami, another population indigenous to the country. Norway’s largest population center is its capital city, Oslo. Other large Norwegian cities include Bergen, Trondheim, and Stavanger. Like Denmark and Sweden, Norway is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy. The Norwegian monarch is the ceremonial head of state, while the government is headed by a prime minister and cabinet. Norway’s parliament is known as the Storting, and is composed of 169 members, elected to 4 year terms. Like Denmark and Sweden, Norway also uses a system of proportional rep...

    • What Is The Difference Between Scandinavia and Nordic Countries
    • Denmark
    • Norway
    • Sweden
    • Iceland
    • Finland

    Scandinavia historically encompassed the kingdoms of Sweden, Norway, and Denmark. Formerly, Finland was part of Sweden, and Iceland had belonged to Denmark and Norway. There has been a long-standing disagreement as to whether Finland and Iceland should being considered Scandinavian countries or not. Geographically speaking, Finland and Iceland are not a part of the Scandinavian peninsula, and therefore not truly Scandinavian countries. To fix the divide, the French stepped in to diplomatically smooth out the terminology by dubbing Finland, Iceland, Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, Nordic countries. All of the countries, with the exception of Finland, share a common language branch—Scandinavian languages that stem from the Germanic family. What makes Finland unique is that its language aligns more with the Finn-Uralic family of languages. Finnish is more closely related to Estonian and lesser-known languages spoken around the Baltic Sea. Because of Nordic countries' location, they have r...

    The southernmost Scandinavian country, Denmark, consists of the Jutland peninsula and over 400 islands, some of which are linked to the mainland by bridges. Almost all of Denmark is low and flat, but there are many low hills as well. Windmills and traditional thatched cottages can be seen everywhere. The Faroe Islands and Greenland both belong to the Kingdom of Denmark. Bicycling is an integral part of Danish culture and most of the country is cyclist friendly. The official language is Danish, and the capital city is Copenhagen.

    Norway is also called "The Land of Vikings" or "The Land of the Midnight Sun," The northernmost country in Europe, Norway has a jagged expanse of islands and fjords. The maritime industry sustains the economy. The official language is Norwegian, and the capital city is Oslo.

    Sweden, a land of numerous lakes, is the largest of the Scandinavian countries both in land size and population. The car companies Volvo and Saab both originated there and are a big part of the Swedish industry. Swedish citizens are independently minded and highly regard their people-oriented social programs, especially women's rights. The official language is Swedish, and the capital city is Stockholm.

    With a surprisingly mild climate, Iceland is Europe's westernmost country and the second largest island in the North Atlantic ocean (Greenland is the largest). Flight time to Iceland is 3 hours, 30 minutes from the European mainland. Iceland has a strong economy, low unemployment, low inflation, and its per capita income is among the highest in the world. The official language is Icelandic, and the capital city is Reykjavik.

    Another country where the weather is better than many tourists expect, Finland has one of the lowest immigration rates in the world. It also has the highest per capita consumption of coffee in the world (consuming an average of 26 pounds of coffee each year). Finland was a part of Sweden for around 700 years and as a result the two countries have similar legal, economic, and social systems. The official language is Finnish, which is also called Suomi. Swedish is also recognized as an official language. The capital city is Helsinki.

    • A Quick Explanation of Northern Europe
    • Norway
    • Sweden
    • Denmark
    • The Faroe Islands
    • The Sort-Of Scandinavian Countries

    Norway and Sweden share the Scandinavian peninsula, which stretches from way north of the Arctic Circle down to the shores of the Baltic Sea, covering a total area of around 289,500 square miles. Denmark is also considered a Scandinavian country. The three countries share very similar languages and culture. At one point the three countries were also joined together in the Kalmar Union. At other points in time, Norway was ruled by Denmark and later entered a similar arrangement with Sweden. The Nordic regionis a wider term, including Finland and Iceland. Through the Nordic Union, all the Nordic countries work together on a political level, but there are more differences between the individual nations. Now, let's take a closer look at the three Scandinavian countries:

    The terrain of Norwayvaries hugely, from high mountain plateaus down to fjords that were carved out by retreating and melting glaciers. Some glacial ice still remains on higher ground. The extensive coastline runs for more than 15,000 miles (25,000 km) and is known for its countless fjords and islands. Although Norway's climateis like the rest of northern Europe quite cold and wet, it is not as cold as some expect due to the warming effect of the Gulf Stream. Norway's economyis driven by its massive petroleum, gas and energy industries, but shipping and fishing are also important. The seafood industry is responsible for the country's second biggest export category after energy. Norway's population of roughly 5.3 million enjoy one of the highest standards of living in the world thanks in parts to the wealth amassed in the government's Oil Fund. The Norwegian capital city is Oslo, home to around 600,000 people, but more than one million live in the surrounding region. The Vigeland Scu...

    Although it shares the vast peninsula with Norway, Swedenlooks and feels quite different. Mountains line the western border, but much of the rest of the country is flat and known for its huge number of lakes. Its population of almost 10 million makes it easily the biggest of the three Scandinavian countries. Much of Sweden's population lives in the southern part of the country, in or around the major cities. The country's economy is driven by manufacturing, timber and energy, but technology is playing an ever more important role. Tourism is important too, with people attracted to the country from all over the world. Agriculture and farming are only of partial importance these days. That being said, the nation does produce plenty of barley, wheat, meat and dairy products. The capital of Sweden is also the biggest cityin the entire Nordic region. Almost 1 million people live in the municipality with a further half a million in the wider urban area. Stockholm is the seat of Swedish gov...

    Last but not least, Denmarkoccupies the land known as the Jutland peninsula, immediately to the north of Germany. There are several other islands also included in Denmark. It is the only one of the Scandinavian countries not to have any land on the Scandinavian peninsula. At just 16,638 square miles (about 43,000 square km), Denmark is also the smallest of the three countries. The country is distinct from its northern neighbours as it's largely made up of low, flat plains. So much so, that the highest point in the nation is only 561 feet (171m) above sea level. This flat terrain is at least partly responsible for the boom in cycling. Copenhagen in rush hour is a sight to behold, with commuters riding bikes on a dedicated network of cycle lanes easily outnumbering people driving cars. Denmark's economy is modern with a high-tech agricultural sector and advanced manufacturing operations. It is home to world-leading companies in pharma, maritime and renewable energy, and is a net expor...

    A set of autonomous islands within the Kingdom of Denmark, the Faroe Islands are sometimes included within the definition of Scandinavia as they share currency, culture and, to a certain extent, language. Faroese is the official language while Danish is taught in schools and can be used by the Faroese government in public relations. As with the rest of the region, many people speak excellent English. A self-governing country since 1948, the Faroes have an independent trade policy and can establish trade agreements with other states, they have their own representation in the Nordic Council, and their own national football team that competes in international competitions.

    Nordic nations Finland and Iceland are sometimes included in a broader definition of Scandinavia, but this is not technically correct. The correct term for the wider region is the Nordic region. All the Nordic countries share much in common. Both Finland and Iceland use Nordic cross flagsand share a certain amount of culture and history in common with the Scandinavian countries. While not all are EU members, the group of countries cooperates through the Nordic Council. At just under 5.5 million people, Finlandhas a similar population to Norway. Capital city Helsinki is home to the 18th-century Suomenlinna sea fortress, the mega-hip Design District and fascinating range of museums. Although the country shares much with its neighbours to the west, the Finnish language is completely different. As such, most Finnish schoolchildren learn Swedish as a second language, and are also fluent in English by the time they become adults. With a population of less than half a million people, Icela...

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