A value-added tax identification number or VAT identification number ( VATIN ) is an identifier used in many countries, including the countries of the European Union, for value-added tax purposes. In the EU, a VAT identification number can be verified online at the EU's official VIES  website.
The International Standard for country codes and codes for their subdivisions The purpose of ISO 3166 is to define internationally recognized codes of letters and/or numbers that we can use when we refer to countries and their subdivisions.
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The country codes from all three parts of ISO 3166 are available in .xml, .csv and .xls formats here: Country Codes Collection Abstract ISO 3166-1:2013 is intended for use in any application requiring the expression of current country names in coded form; it also includes basic guidelines for its implementation and maintenance.
The ISO 3166 standard contains three parts: ISO 3166-1 – Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country codes  defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest. It defines three sets of country codes :
Country Codes Alpha-2 & Alpha-3 This is a complete list of all country ISO codes as described in the ISO 3166 international standard. These codes are used throughout the IT industry by computer systems and software to ease the identification of country names.CountryAlpha-2 CodeAlpha-3 CodeNumericAfghanistanAFAFG004AlbaniaALALB008AlgeriaDZDZA012American SamoaASASM016
a region code conforming to ISO 3166-2. In order to harmonize and provide a consistent usage between country and sub-division codes defining the ‘LegalJurisdiction’ of a legal entity among the different LEI issuers, GLEIF introduces an explicit list of accepted ISO 3166 codes per country/jurisdiction, considering already existing and ...