The most common religion in Albania is Islam, with the second-most-common religion being Christianity. There are also many irreligious Albanians. There are no official statistics regarding the number of practicing religious people per each religious group.
Apr 10, 2018 · Albania is considered one of the earliest seats of Christianity. Today, Roman Catholics account for 10.03% of Albania’s population, and are thus the biggest group of Christians in the country. Orthodox Christians and Evangelicals account for 6.75% and 0.14% of Albania’s population, respectively.
- Oishimaya Sen Nag
At the November regional conference on advancing religious freedom, the U.S. Ambassador at Large for International Religious Freedom addressed the audience on religion as a means of reconciliation, gave interviews on the importance of religious freedom in Albania, and visited religious sites in the northern part of the country together with ...
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Christian 37.3% (Catholic 10.1%, Anglican 6.8%, Presbyterian and Congregational 5.2%, Pentecostal 1.8%, Methodist 1.6%, Church of Jesus Christ 1.2%, other 10.7%), Hindu 2.7%, Maori 1.3%, Muslim, 1.3%, Buddhist 1.1%, other religion 1.6% (includes Judaism, Spiritualism and New Age religions, Baha'i, Asian religions other than Buddhism), no religion 48.6%, objected to answering 6.7% (2018 est.)
Albania Religion, Economy and Politics. Almost 58% of Albanian's are Muslim, with a Christian population of 17%. About 25% of the population belongs to another religion or has no religion.
- Eastern Orthodox Christians
- Roman Catholics
- Other Religions and Atheists
- Religion in Bosnian Society and Culture
During the Ottoman rule, Muslims from other countries escaping wars migrated into the Bosnia and Herzegovina, thereby increasing the population of Muslims in the country. Another factor that led to increased Islam population was the conversion of non-Muslims to Islam religion.At the end of the Ottoman rule, Muslims had the largest population. Currently, Islam is still the most popular religion in Bosnia and Herzegovina with a 51% following. The majority of the Muslims are Bosniaks who also form the largest portion of the entire country's population (48%). Although the citizen of Bosnia and Herzegovina is known as a Bosnian, in the country there is a distinction between a Herzegovinian and a Bosnian and is often maintained a regional but not an ethnic identity. Intermarriage between different ethnic groups was common before 1990, but extremist politics that was associated with Milosevic stirred distrust which led to ethnic cleansing which left millions dead or homeless.
Eastern Orthodox Christianity is the second largest religious grouping in Bosnia and Herzegovina after Islam, and the most widespread denomination of Christian religion in the country. When the Ottomans conquered the Kingdom of Bosnia in around 1463, it created radical changes in the religious structure in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The period was the time when Islam was taking root, but also Orthodox Christianity was also spreading into the country, and Sultan Mehmed promised to protect the Orthodox Christianity. Therefore, the Orthodox Church enjoyed some support from the Ottoman rule. The Ottomans also introduced some Orthodox Christian followers into Bosnia from other Balkans region. Orthodox Christians currently form 31% of the total population in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Many of these Orthodox members are mainly Serbs.
Roman Catholics were not very common in Bosnia's past. However, they have long had a presence in the region, though in smaller numbers. There were around 50,000 Catholics at most during the rule of the Ottoman Empire. Many Roman Catholics, alongside large numbers of Orthodox Christians, fled during the Ottoman Rule. They fled to Croatia and Slovenia where they settled. Current statistics show that the number of Roman Catholics remains lower compared to Muslims and Orthodox Christians. The Catholics constitutes 15% of the total population most of whom are of Croat ethnic group.
During the Ottoman rule, other religions now seen had largely not been established within the country. However, with the end of Ottoman reign, some other Protestant religions increased due to foreigners' entry into the country. A small part of the population identifies themselves as non-religious or atheist, and they form 3% of the total population. These communities are among the marginalized minority in the country.
Religion in Bosnia and Herzegovina has undergone many changes over the years, and it is part of the daily life of many of the citizens, having a direct effect on their social and cultural outlooks. There has been discrimination based on religious belief and even religious intolerance. Some religious objects have been used to cause religious or ethnic tension and conflicts and use for political expediency.