Is the New York City Police Department a law enforcement agency?
- The New York City Police Department ( NYPD ), officially the City of New York Police Department, is the primary law enforcement agency within the City of New York, United States. Established on May 23, 1845, the NYPD is the largest and one of the oldest police departments in the United States.
NYC: Bronx VS Queens VS Brooklyn (compare, While the Bronx is more downtown and city-like, it would qualify as the 3rd or 4th largest city in the USA, 0,85% higher than in Bronx, New York and Brooklyn, Posted by 8 months ago, Brooklyn is known for its enriched cultural influences, NY (without rent) Consumer Prices Including Rent in Brooklyn ...
Within every borough there are countless additional neighborhoods, and Brooklyn is famous for the diversity within its neighborhoods. While the Bronx is more downtown and city-like, Brooklyn is known for its enriched cultural influences, art scene, and independent, entrepreneurial spirit.
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- Rank Structure
- Organization and Structure
- Public Opinion
- Corruption and Misconduct
- Fallen Officers
The Municipal Police were established in 1845, replacing an old night watch system. Mayor William Havemeyer shepherded the NYPD together.In 1857, it was replaced by a metropolitan force. The NYPD appointed its first black officer in 1911 and the first female officers in 1918. In 1961, highly decorated NYPD officer Mario Biaggi, later a US Congressman, became the first police officer in New York State to be made a member of the National Police Officers Hall of Fame. In the mid-1980s, NYPD began to police street-level drug markets much more intensively, leading to a sharp increase in incarceration. In 1992, Mayor David Dinkins created an independent Civilian Complaint Review Board for the NYPD. In response to this, some NYPD officers violently protested and rioted. They blocked traffic on the Brooklyn Bridge, demonstrated at City Hall and shouted racial epithets.The protests were sponsored by the NYPD union. In 1994 the NYPD developed the CompStat computer system for tracking crime ge...
As of July 2020, the NYPD's current authorized uniformed strength is 35,783. There are also 19,454 civilian employees, including approximately 4,500 auxiliary police officers, 5,500 school safety agents, and 3,500 traffic enforcement agents currently employed by the department. The Police Benevolent Association of the City of New York (NYC PBA), the largest municipal police unionin the United States, represents over 50,000 active and retired NYC police officers. Of the entire 35,783-member police force in 2020: 47% are white and 53% are members of minority groups. Of 23,464 officers on patrol: 1. 43% (10,162) are non-Hispanic white 2. 57% (13,302) are Black, Latino (of any race), or Asian or Asian-American. Of 5,289 detectives: 1. 52% (2,771) are non-Hispanic white 2. 48% (2,518) are Black, Latino (of any race), or Asian or Asian-American. Of 4,550 sergeants: 1. 52% (2,379) are non-Hispanic white 2. 48% (2,171) are Black, Latino (of any race), or Asian or Asian-American. Of 1,706 li...
The NYPD has a broad array of specialized services, including the Emergency Service Unit, K9, harbor patrol, air support, bomb squad, counter-terrorism, criminal intelligence, anti-gang, anti-organized crime, narcotics, public transportation, and public housingunits. The NYPD Intelligence Division & Counter-Terrorism Bureau has officers stationed in eleven cities internationally. In 2019 the NYPD responded to 482,337 reports of crime, and made 214,617 arrests. There were 95,606 major felonies reported in 2019, compared to over half a million per year when crime in New York City peaked during the crack epidemicof the 1980s and 1990s.
Officers graduate from the Police Academy after five and a half to six months (or sometimes more) of training in various academic, physical, and tactical fields. For the first 18 months of their careers, they are designated as "Probationary Police Officers", or more informally, "rookies". There are three career "tracks" in the NYPD: supervisory, investigative, and specialist. The supervisory track consists of nine ranks; promotion to the ranks of sergeant, lieutenant, and captain are made via competitive civil service examinations. After reaching the rank of captain, promotion to the ranks of deputy inspector, inspector, deputy chief, assistant chief, (bureau) chief and chief of department is at the discretion of the police commissioner. Promotion from the rank of police officer to detectiveis discretionary by the police commissioner or required by law when the officer has performed eighteen months or more of investigative duty.
The department is administered and governed by the police commissioner, who is appointed by the mayor. Technically, the Commissioner serves a five-year term; as a practical matter, they serve at the mayor's pleasure. The commissioner in turn appoints numerous deputy commissioners. By default, the commissioner and their subordinate deputies are civilians under an oath of office and are not sworn officers. However, a commissioner who comes up from the sworn ranks retains the status and statutory powers of a police officer while serving as commissioner. This affects their police pensions, and their ability to carry a firearm without a pistol permit. Some police commissioners carry a personal firearm, but they also have a full-time security detail. Commissioners and deputy commissioners are administrators who specialize in areas of great importance to the Department, such as counterterrorism, support services, public information, legal matters, intelligence, and information technology....
In the 1990s the department developed a CompStat system of management which has also since been established in other cities. The NYPD has extensive crime scene investigation and laboratory resources, as well as units that assist with computer crime investigations. In 2005, the NYPD established a "Real Time Crime Center" to assist in investigations; this is essentially a searchable database the pulls information from departmental records, including traffic tickets, court summonses, and previous complaints to reports, as well as arrest reports.The database contains databases to identify individuals based on tattoos, body marks, teeth, and skin conditions, based on police records. NYPD also maintains the Domain Awareness System, a network that provides information and analytics to police, drawn from a variety of sources, including a network of 9,000 publicly and privately owned surveillance cameras, license plate readers, ShotSpotter data, NYPD databases and radiation and chemical sens...
The Quinnipiac University Polling Institute has been regularly measuring public opinion of the NYPD since 1997, when just under 50% of the public approved of the job the NYPD were doing. Approval peaked at 78% in 2002 following the World Trade Center terrorist attacks in September 2001, and has ranged between 52 and 72% since. Approval varies by race/ethnicity, with black and Hispanic respondents consistently less likely to say they approve of the job the NYPD are doing than whites. In 2017 the Quinnipiac poll found that New York City voters approve of the way NYPD, in general, does its job by a margin of 67-25%. Approval was 79-15 percent among white voters, 52-37 percent among black voters, and 73-24 percent among Hispanic voters. 86% of voters said crime is a serious problem, 71% said police brutality is a serious problem and 61% said police corruption is a serious problem. A 2020 poll commissioned by Manhattan Institute for Policy Researchreported that the public approve of the...
The NYPD has a history of police brutality, misconduct, and corruption, as well as discrimination on the basis of race, religion and sexuality. Critics, including from within the NYPD, have accused the NYPD of manipulating crime statistics. In 2009, NYPD officer Adrian Schoolcraftwas arrested, abducted by his fellow officers and involuntarily admitted to a psychiatric hospital after he provided evidence of manipulation of crime statistics (intentional under reporting of crimes) and intentional wrongful arrests (to meet arrest quotas). He filed a federal suit against the department, which the city settled before trial in 2015, also giving him back pay for the period when he was suspended. The Knapp Commissionfound in 1970 that the NYPD had systematic corruption problems. The Civilian Complaint Review Board is an all-civilian, 13-member panel tasked with investigating misconduct or lesser abuse accusations against NYPD officers, including use of excessive force, abuse of authority, di...
The NYPD is affiliated with the New York City Police Foundation and the New York City Police Museum. It also runs a Youth Police academy to provide a positive interaction with police officers and to educate young people about the challenges and responsibility of police work. The department also operates the Citizens Police Academy, which educates the public on basic law and policing procedures.
According to the Officer Down Memorial Page, the NYPD has lost 932 officers in the line of duty since 1849. This figure includes officers from agencies that were later absorbed by or became a part of the modern NYPD, in addition to the NYPD itself. This number also includes 28 officers killed on and off duty by gunfire of other officers on duty. 286 officers have been shot and killed by a criminal. The NYPD lost 23 officers in the September 11, 2001 attacks, not including another 247 who later died of 9/11-related illnesses.The NYPD has more line of duty deaths than any other American law enforcement agency.
New York City is composed of five boroughs: The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island. Each borough is coextensive with a respective county of New York State, making New York City one of the U.S. municipalities in multiple counties. The boroughs of Queens and the Bronx are also Queens County and Bronx County.
While the Bronx is more downtown and city-like, Brooklyn is known for its enriched cultural influences, art scene, and independent, entrepreneurial spirit.Brooklyn encompasses the shoreline that is home to the well-known Coney Island, famous for its hot dogs and early-American amusements.
- Special Victims Division
- Forensic Investigations Division
- Special Investigations Division
- Criminal Enterprise Division
- Fugitive Enforcement Division
- Real Time Crime Center
- Central Robbery Division
- District Attorneys Squad
- Grand Larceny Division
- Gun Violence Suppression Division
Special Victims Division (SVD) investigates sex crimes and cases of alleged child abuse. The SVD works in partnership with victim advocates and other city agencies, such as the Administration for Children's Services.
Forensic Investigations Division investigators and civilian criminalists perform work in the police laboratory, located in Queens. The division performs chemical and/or physical analyses of evidentiary materials, such as: hair, fibers, bodily fluids, fingerprints, gunshot residue, fire accelerants, questioned documents, controlled substances, soil, metals, polymers, glass, and other types of forensic trace evidence required in scientific criminal investigations.Animal Cruelty Investigation Squad (ACIS) has taken over enforcement responsibilities from the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. This team of investigators is deployed to i...Arson & Explosion Squad members determine the cause of fires and explosions and whether any criminality is involved. The Arson & Explosion Squad has citywide jurisdiction over selected arson crimes...Cold Case Squad reexamines cases, usually homicides, which have gone "cold" when detectives seem to have exhausted investigative leads. There is no delineated time frame for cold cases. Members of...Computer Crimes Squad detectives perform forensic examinations of digital and multimedia devices to develop evidence related to crimes. They are the designated lead agency and coordinator for the N...Auto Crime Division identifies, investigates, and arrests individuals or groups responsible for the organized or repeated theft of vehicles. In an effort to reduce auto theft in New York City, the...Criminal Enterprise Investigative Section conducts long-term investigations of criminal enterprises in conjunction with federal, state, and local partners in order to secure the best possible prose...The NYPD is also a key member of two multi-jurisdictional units: the Drug Enforcement Task Force and the Drug Enforcement Strike Force.
Fugitive Enforcement Division (FED) houses several subunits, such as the Warrant Section and the Violent Felony Apprehension Squad. Often working jointly with the U.S. Marshals Service and other entities, members assigned to FED are tasked with apprehending individuals wanted for every level of crime.
Real Time Crime Center is a centralized, technology-driven support center which uses state-of-the-art technology, such as facial recognition and link-analysis software, to provide instant, vital information to detectives and other officers at the scene of a crime. 1. The Social Media Analysis & Research Team (S.M.A.R.T) analyzes social media for chatter, videos and relative information in regards to active investigations. The SMART Unit also identifies patterns and trends on social media such as bullying, gang activity, and types of crimes and translates the information into useable intelligence for patrol officers in the field. SMART also collects and memorializes this information as evidence in police investigations. The unit also offers presentations to agencies and the public on the dangers and uses of social media.
Central Robbery Division identifies and investigates robbery patterns that cross precinct and borough boundaries throughout the city. The Central Robbery Division also has case responsibility for specific robbery investigations such as cell phone stores, pharmacies, check cashing locations, home invasions, and social media type robberies. The Division is also partnered in a task force with the ATF that identifies violent robbery crews and prosecutes them federally within the Eastern and Southern Districts. The Division is also responsible for investigating all crimes occurring within the transit system.
District Attorneys Squad serves as an investigative liaison between each of the city's five district attorneys and the detective bureau.
Grand Larceny Division uses a comprehensive investigative and analytical approach to address citywide grand larcenies, identity theft, financial crimes, cybercrimes, and other property-related offenses.
Gun Violence Suppression Division identifies individuals and organizations responsible for the trafficking and sale of illegal firearms in New York City and dismantles them. The division utilizes a number of avenues, including undercover police officers and confidential informants, to reduce the number of guns on the streets. It also organizes Violence Reduction Task Forces to target violent groups using firearms throughout the city.