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plaster of paris, quick-setting gypsum plaster consisting of a fine white powder (calcium sulfate hemihydrate), which hardens when moistened and allowed to dry. Known since ancient times, plaster of paris is so called because of its preparation from the abundant gypsum found near Paris.
Mar 2, 2017 · Named for the huge gypsum deposits of Montmartre, plaster of Paris’ appearance as a sculptural medium dates to Mesopotamia, when classical statues were draped in fringed gypsum skirts and dresses. From the Tigris and Euphrates the material made its way into Western European history through architectural details, columns, pilasters, and mouldings.
In the nineteenth century, plaster became a primary medium for finished ecclesiastical, commercial, educational, and domestic objects, as well as for preliminary sculptural maquettes and finished casts that reproduced fine art objects for aesthetic and educational circulation in collections in museums, universities, and other schools across …
Plaster of Paris (calcium sulphate hemihydrate) is widely used by sculptors for moulds and preliminary casts. Does this text contain inaccurate information or language that you feel we should improve or change?
Plaster was first used as a building material and for decoration in the Middle Eastat least 7,000 years ago. In Egypt, gypsumwas burned in open fires, crushed into powder, and mixed with water to create plaster, used as a mortarbetween the blocks of pyramids and to provide a smooth facing for places.