Which is the oldest city in the country of Albania?
- Elbasan and Shkoder are among the oldest cities in Albania, and they play vital roles as cultural centers of the country. According to the 2011 Census, Albania had a population of about 2,831,741. Around 858,262 people live in Tirana, Albania’s capital.
The port of Durres is located in the heart of the city, which is approximately 39 km from Tirana. The port of Durres is Albania's largest sea port. Durres is one of Albania's oldest cities and was founded as a Greek colony in 627 B.C. Since then, the city has grown and expanded while preserving monuments of the ancient city.
Oct 17, 2020 · Durres Albania is one of the oldest port cities in Albania. This port city is located in the Western part of Albania on the Adriatic. It was found by the Greek colonists. It has a beautiful Mediterranean climate. Amazing climate . The climate is so beautiful and amazing that tourists flock to Durres in summers and winters.
- International Relations
- See Also
In antiquity, the city was known as Epidamnos (Ἐπίδαμνος) and Dyrrhachion (Δυρράχιον) in classical Greek and then Epidamnus and Dyrrachium in classical Latin. Epidamnos is the oldest known of the two toponyms. It is widely considered to be of Illyrian origin as first proposed by linguist Hans Krahe. It is attested in Thucydides (5th century BC), Aristotle (4th century BC) and Polybius (2nd century BC). Although the name Epidamnos/Epidamnus was more commonly used among Ancient Greek authors, the coinage of the city only used the abbreviations for the name Dyrrhachion/Dyrrhachium. Dyrrachium was chosen as the sole name of the city after the Roman Republic got control of the region after the Illyrian Wars in 229 BC. The Latin spelling of /y/ retained the form of Doric Greek Dyrrhachion, which was pronounced as /Durrakhion/. This change of the name is already attested in classical literature. Titus Livius, at the end of the first century BC, writes in Ab Urbe Condita Libri that at the t...
The territory of Durrës was populated at least starting from the Eneolithic and then, from protohistorictimes, it was inhabited by Illyrian peoples.
Though surviving remains are minimal, Durrës is one of the oldest cities in Albania. In terms of mythology, the foundation of the settlement is connected with the legendary hero Herakleswho supported the local ruler, Dyrrachus, in the struggle against his brothers. As such in historical times the locals claimed Heracles as one of their founders. Several ancient people held the site: the presence of the Brygi appears to be confirmed by several ancient writers, the Illyrian Taulantii (their arr...
The city and the surrounding coast became a Byzantine province, the Theme of Dyrrhachium, probably in the first decade of the 9th century. The city remained in Byzantine hands until the late 10th century, when Samuel of Bulgaria gained control of the city, possibly through his marriage with Agatha, daughter of the local magnate John Chryselios. Samuel made his son-in-law Ashot Taronites, a Byzantine captive who had married his daughter Miroslava, governor of the city. In circa 1005, however,...
Durrës is located on the Bay of Durrës on a flat alluvial plain between the river mouths of Erzen and the Ishëm along the Adriatic Sea within the Mediterranean Sea. The municipality of Durrës is encompassed in the County of Durrës within the Northern Region of Albania and consists of the adjacent administrative units of Ishëm, Katund i Ri, Manëz, Rrashbull, Sukth and Durrës as its seat. It stretches from the mouth of Ishëm River at the Cape of Rodon in the north across the Bay of Lalzi to the Shkëmbi i Kavajësin the south.
Durrës is a municipality governed by a mayor–council system with the mayor of Durrës and the members of the Durrës Municipal Council being responsible for the administration of Durrës Municipality. The mayor of Durrës is elected by its people to act as the executive officer of the municipality. The Durrës Municipal Council is the legislative body of the municipality and is also a democratically elected institution, comprising 51 councillors since the latest municipal election.Both, the mayor and members of the municipal council serve four-year terms without term limits.
Durrës is an important link to Western Europedue to its port and its proximity to the Italian port cities, notably Bari, to which daily ferries run. As well as the dockyard, it also possesses an important shipyard and manufacturing industries, notably producing leather, plastic and tobacco products. The southern coastal stretch of Golem is renowned for its traditional mass beach tourism having experienced uncontrolled urban development. The city's beaches are also a popular destination for many foreign and local tourists. In 2012, new water sanitation systems are being installed to eliminate sea water pollution. In contrast, the northern coastal stretch of Lalzit Bay is mostly unspoiled and set to become an elite tourism destination as a number of beach resorts are being built since 2009. Neighboring districts are known for the production of good wine and a variety of foodstuffs. According to the World Bank, Durrës has made significant steps of starting a business in 2016. Durrës ra...
Durrës is the second most populous municipality in Albania and one of the most populous on the Adriatic Sea with a growing number of inhabitants. According to the 2011 census, the municipal unit of Durrës had an estimated population of 113,249 of whom 56,511 were men and 56,738 women. Albania is a secular state with no state religion and the freedom of belief, conscience and religion is explicitly guaranteed in the constitution of the country. Durrës is therefore religiously diverse and has many places of worship catering to its religious population, whom are adherents of Christianity, Islam and Judaism. Christianity in Durrës and elsewhere in Albania has a presence dating back to classical antiquity. Christian traditions relate that the archbishopric of Durrës was founded by the apostle Paul while he was preaching in Illyria and Epirus and that there were possibly about seventy Christian families in the city as early as the time of the apostles. The Orthodox Church of Albania, whic...
The theatrical and musical life of the city is centered on the Aleksandër Moisiu Theatre, the Estrada Theatre, a puppet theatre, and the Philharmonic Orchestra. The annual International Film Summerfest of Durrës, founded in 2008, is held in late August or early September in the amphitheatre. In 2004 and 2009 Miss Globe International was held in Durrës. The city is home to different architectural styles that represent influential periods in its history. The architecture is influenced by Illyrian, Greek, Roman and Italian architecture. In the 21st century, part of Durrës turned into a modernist city, with large blocks of flats, modern new buildings, new shopping centres and many green spaces.
In 2008, Bosnia and Herzegovina opened a consulate in the city considering that there is a community with Bosniak ancestry that lives in Durres County. They are mostly concentrated in two neighborhoods of the city of Shijak, Borake and Koxhas. Nowadays it seems that the consulate is no longer active. These countries have an honorary consulate in Durrës: 1. Hungary 2. North Macedonia
People also ask
Which is the oldest city in the country of Albania?
What was the capital of Albania during World War 2?
Where is the capital of Durres County Albania?
Which is the largest port on the Adriatic Sea?
Sep 11, 2019 · Tirana is Albania's largest and capital city and the heart of the country's cultural, economic and governmental activity. Major port cities in the country are Durrës and Vlorë which was Albania's first capital. Elbasan and Shkoder are among the oldest cities in Albania, and they play vital roles as cultural centers of the country.
1 city larger than 250,000: Tirana 7 cities from 50,000 to 250,000: Durrës, Fier , Elbasan, Kamëz , Korçë , Shkodër and Vlorë 4 cities from 20,000 to 50,000: Berat , Lushnjë , Pogradec and Kavajë
- Honorable Mention
Butrint is one of Albania’s iconic destinations which means you simply cannot visit the country without stopping by this wonderful ancient city. What is especially wonderful about this UNESCO World Heritage Site is that its many gorgeous, well-preserved monuments reflect each distinct stage of its long history. Your visit here spans the period from the 3rd to the 6th century, covering the Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine and Venetian periods. It also does not hurt that the site is surrounded by the most beautiful beaches in the Ionian coast! If you are a literature buff, you will run into Buthrotum, as the city was once called, in Virgil’s Aeneid. More on Butrint.
The one city among many others that was worthy of the name of Apollo! Founded during the 6th century B.C., the city is written about by Cicero and its famous academy attended by Octavius Augustus, one of the most famous Roman Emperors. And, indeed, Apollonia remains a glorious reflection of the Hellenic and Roman civilizations in the Mediterranean. An arch of triumph, a library, sanctuary, Odeon, and Nymphaeum – these are only some of the names and sights that will transport you to another world during your visit. It is located only about 13 miles from the city of Fier. More on Apollonia.
Built during the 4th and 5th centuries, Byllis Archaeological Park is the largest Illyrian city in the south of Albania. Designed by Hippodamus of Miletus, the father of European urban planning, this city is as modern as an ancient city gets. One of its most beautiful sights is the 7500-seat theater. This park is located less than 3 hours away from the capital of Tirana. If you decide to turn into a road trip, we suggest that you make a stop at the Divjakë-Karavasta National Park, the best birdwatching spot in Albania. More on Byllis.
This archaeological park is yet another powerful testimony to the ancient history of the Ionian coast! Amantia was founded during the 5thcentury B.C. Its particular appeal lies in its dwellings and fortifications, which were created on very challenging mountainous terrain. The ancient stadium and temple to Aphrodite along with the city gates and ruins of the city walls are the most beautiful sights here! Other archeological remains, belonging to shelters of the ancient city’s inhabitants, surround the monumental complex.
Another southern favorite, the city of love is located only 14 km to the east of Gjirokastra. Why city of love? It was built as early as 295 B.C. by King Pyrrhus of Epirus who named it Antigonea in honor of his first wife. Its position at the top of a beautiful valley makes the panoramas here quite magical. Not to mention that these are some of the best-preserved ruins in the country. Indeed, the ruins of this city are the best excuse to hike along this spectacular area. More on Antigonea.
This massive open-air space is located a few kilometers away from Saranda, the southernmost city in Albania. Like Butrint, this is a crucial stop for those passionate explorers of early Albanian civilizations. The ruins of the ancient city of Finiq date as far back as the 3rdcentury B.C. The grand theatre, stairs surrounding the stage, city walls, basilicas, old coins, and a host of other excavated objects gave this park the status of a protected monument in 2005.
Although not an archaeological park, the city of Durrës offers some of the most fascinating ancient ruins in Albania, such as the Amphitheater of Durrës. If you want to know more read our article about the tour of the ancient city of Durrës.