The following is a list of living former members of the United States Cabinet.In the political system established by the United States Constitution, the President is authorized to seek advice from the principal officers of the various departments while performing their official duties.AdministrationNamePositionTenureAttorney GeneralMarch 10, 1967 – January 20, 1969Secretary of StateSeptember 22, 1973 – August 9, 1974Secretary of Housing and Urban DevelopmentMarch 10, 1975 – January 20, 1977Secretary of StateAugust 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977
The oldest living former cabinet member is William Coleman, Secretary of Transportation during the Ford Administration. The youngest living former cabinet member is Shaun Donovan, Secretary of Housing and Urban Development during the Obama Administration.
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Apr 13, 2021 · The death of George P. Schultz on Saturday leaves twelve living former cabinet secretaries who are over the age of 90– three of them from New Jersey. Former Attorney General Ramsey Clark, 93, is the last living member of President Lyndon Johnson’s cabinet.
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Cabinet members moreover play a key political role, providing public support for White House policies and technical expertise in implementing them. And while a competent Cabinet can enhance a ...
- Jesse Greenspan
- Department of Agriculture. Established: 1862. The Department of Agriculture (USDA) supervises agricultural production to make sure prices are fair for producers and consumers, helps farmers financially with subsidies and development programs, and helps food producers sell their goods overseas.
- Department of Commerce. Established: 1903. The Department of Commerce promotes international trade, economic growth, and technological advancement. It also works to keep the United States competitive in international markets and to prevent unfair foreign trade practices.
- Department of Defense. Established:1947. The Department of Defense (DOD) oversees everything related to the nation's military security. The department directs the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force, as well as the Joint Chiefs of Staff and several specialized combat commands.
- Department of Education. Established: 1979. The Department of Education took over many of the education programs previously managed by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare and six other agencies.
Note: While not officially part of the Cabinet, the following positions currently have Cabinet-rank status: White House Chief of Staff Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency Director of the Office of Management & Budget United States Trade Representative United States Ambassador to the United Nations
There is more hate, more censure uttered by members of the cabinet against each other than I supposed possible.” 11. Nevertheless, Maunsell B. Field, assistant secretary of the Treasury, spoke favorably of the relationships among cabinet members he witnessed between 1863 and 1865. “Mr.
- The Cabinet Departments
- Government Corporations
- Independent Agencies
- Regulatory Agencies
The 15 Cabinet departments are each headed by a Secretary who sits on the President's Cabinet. The exception is the Justice Department, which is headed by the Attorney General, who is also a member of the President's Cabinet. The Secretaries are responsible for directing the department's policy and for overseeing its operation. Cabinet secretaries are usually torn between their responsibilities as presidential advisers and heads of their departments. Each has a special area of policy, although their responsibilities are still very broad. The organization of each is quite complex, but they have some things in common. All Secretaries have a Deputy or Undersecretary, as well as a host of Assistant Secretaries, who all direct major programs within the department. Most departments are divided into bureaus, divisions, and sections. For example, the FBI lies within the domain of the Justice Department, and the Secret Service is currently within the Treasury Departmeny agency, but soon to b...
Government corporations do not belong to any department — they stand on their own. Probably the best-known government corporations are the United States Postal Service and Amtrak. They are different from other agencies in that they are businesses created by Congress, and they charge fees for their services. Like any other business, government corporations have private competition — such as Federal Express and United Parcel Service — and sometimes state competition — such as the New Jersey Transit Authority.
Independent agencies closely resemble Cabinet departments, but they are smaller and less complex. Generally, they have narrower areas of responsibility than do Cabinet departments. Most of these agencies are not free from presidential control and are independent only in the sense that they are not part of a department. Congress creates them as separate agencies for many reasons, practical as well as symbolic. For example, when the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was established, many members of Congress assumed that it would be a part of the Department of Defense. However, it is an independent agency because the space program has many other purposes than the defense of the nation.
These agencies regulate important parts of the economy, making rules for large industries and businesses that affect the interests of the public. Because regulatory commissions are "watchdogs" that by their very nature need to operate independently, they are not part of a department, and the President does not directly control most of them. Each commission has from 5 to 11 members appointed by the President, but the President cannot remove them for the length of their terms in office. Examples of these commissions are the Securities and Exchange Commission, which regulates the stock market, brokers, and investment practices. Another well-known commission is the Federal Reserve Board that governs the nation's monetary policy. The Environmental Protection Agency serves as a guardian over the nation's environment, making and enforcing standards for the industrial and commercial sectors. With over 2,000 different agencies, the federal bureaucracy is almost certain to run into problems w...