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    Russia (Russian: Россия, Rossiya, Russian pronunciation: [rɐˈsʲijə]), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia.It is the largest country in the world by area, covering over 17 million square kilometres (6.6 × 10 ^ 6 sq mi), and encompassing more than one-eighth of Earth's inhabited land area.

    • Vladimir Putin

      Russia has suffered democratic backsliding during Putin's...

  2. The Russian Wikipedia ( Russian: Русская Википедия, romanized : Russkaya Vikipediya) is the Russian-language edition of Wikipedia. As of September 2021, it has 1,750,575 articles. It was started on 11 May 2001. In October 2015 it became the sixth-largest Wikipedia by the number of articles.

    • Size and Resources
    • Constitution
    • History
    • Geography
    • Demographics
    • Culture
    • Related Pages
    • References

    At 17,075,400 square kilometres (6,592,800 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area. Russia is also the world's eighth most populous nation with 143 million people as of 2012. Russia produces a lot of energy made from oil and natural gas. Extending from eastern Europe across the whole of northern Asia, Russia spans eleven time zones and has a wide range of environments and landforms. Russia has the world's largest reserves of mineral and energy resources, and is the largest producer of oil and natural gas in the world. Russia has the world's largest forest reserves, and its lakes contain about one-quarter of the world's fresh water.

    Russia is a federal semi-presidential republic. It has a president and a parliament. Russia consists of 85 federal subjects (territorial units). All subjects of the federation shall be equal. All entities are subject to the uniform federal law. Subjects of the federation have two representatives in the parliament. Subjects of the Russian Federation do not have a right to secessionfrom it. Important issues are decided by the Federation President; lesser powers are given to the member republics. At the end of the twentieth century, Russia experienced many political changes. Some people fought to leave from the federation. Elections are held at all levels. According Steve White, the present government made it clear that they had no plans of making a "second edition" of the American or British political system, but rather a system that was closer to Russia's own traditions. Richard Sakwa wrote that the Russian government is considered legitimate by the majority of the Russian people. It...

    The roots of Russia's history began when the East Slavs formed a group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. The Vikings and their descendants founded the first East Slavic state of Kievan Rus' in the 9th century. They adopted Christianity from the Byzantine Empire in 988. This form of Christianity influenced Russian culture greatly. Kievan Rus' eventually broke up and the lands were divided into many small feudal states. The most powerful successor state to Kievan Rus' was the Grand Duchy of Moscow. This area served as the main force in later Russian unification and the fight against the Golden Hordefrom Asia. Moscow slowly gained control of the regions around it and took over the cultural and political life of Kievan Rus'. In the 18th century, the nation had expanded through conquest, annexation and exploration to become the Russian Empire, the third largest empire in history. It stretched from the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth eastward to the Pacific Ocean and Alaska....

    Russia's capital and the biggest city is Moscow. The second biggest city is Saint Petersburg, which was the capital of Russia in the 18th and 19th centuries. Cities in Russia with more than one million people are, in order: 1. Moscow 2. Saint Petersburg 3. Novosibirsk 4. Yekaterinburg 5. Nizhniy Novgorod 6. Samara 7. Omsk 8. Kazan 9. Ufa 10. Chelyabinsk 11. Rostov on Don 12. Krasnoyarsk 13. Volgograd The most western point of Russia is near Kaliningrad, formerly named Königsberg. The most eastern point of Russia is Diomid island, 35 km from Chukotka (Russia) and 35 kilometres (22 mi) from Alaska (USA). The most southern point is in Caucasus, on the border with Azerbaijan. The most northern point is on Franz Josef Land archipelago in Arctic Ocean, 900 kilometres (560 mi) from the North Pole.

    Russia has a population of 142 million citizens. Most people (73.7%) live in cities. The population decreased by 5 million people since the fall of the Soviet Union. The current population growth is close to zero, and the population went down by 0.085% in 2008. Russia's area is about 17 million square kilometers (6.5 million sq. mi.). It is the largest country in the world. Its population density is about 8.3 people per square kilometer (21.5 per sq. mi.). This is among the lowest country densities in the world. The population is most dense in the European part of the country, centering around Moscow and Saint Petersburg. Siberiahas a very low density.

    Music and ballet

    World-renowned composers of the 20th century included Alexander Scriabin, Igor Stravinsky, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Sergei Prokofiev, and Dmitri Shostakovich. Russia has produced some of the greatest pianists: Anton Rubinstein, Vladimir Horowitz and Vladimir Ashkenazyare among the all-time greats. Russian composer Tchaikovsky created famous ballets such as The Nutcracker. The impressario Sergei Diaghilev was responsible for the development of ballet in the early 20th century with the Ballets Russ...


    Russians have contributed many famous works of literature. Alexander Pushkinis considered a founder of modern Russian literature. He was a poet from the 19th century. Other famous poets and writers of the 19th century were Anton Chekhov, Mikhail Lermontov, Leo Tolstoy, Nikolai Gogol (he was born in what is now Ukraine, but during his lifetime Ukraine was a part of Russia), Ivan Turgenev and Fyodor Dostoyevsky. Tolstoy and Dostoyevsky are considered by many people to be two of the greatest nov...


    Soccer, ice hockey and basketball are among the most popular sports. Boxing, gymnastics, weightlifting, and tennis are also popular sports. Track suits are popular clothing items for many Russians. Sports people to gain world fame include former tennis world number one Maria Sharapova, who has won three Grand Slam titles, and was the world's highest paid female athlete in 2008. Since the 1952 Olympic Games, Soviet and later Russian athletes are in the three in gold medals collected at the Sum...

    Notes 1. ↑ The Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSRratified the accords on 12 December, denouncing the 1922 treaty. 2. ↑ On 25 December, Russian SFSR was renamed the Russian Federation and the following day the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Unionratified the accords, effectively dissolving the Soviet Union. 3. ↑ When including the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol, the total area of Russia rises to 17,125,191 km2(6,612,073 sq mi)

  3. The Russian Wikipedia (Russian: Русская Википедия) is the Russian-language edition of Wikipedia.This edition was started in May 2001. It currently has about 1,749,000 articles.

  4. Сейчас в Википедии 1 761 195 статей на русском языке . Создать статью Справка Порталы Избранная статья Птицы Америки « Птицы Америки » (англ. The Birds of America) — альбом с иллюстрациями птиц Северной Америки в натуральную ...

    • Overview
    • Non-vocalized letters
    • Vowels
    • Letters in disuse by 1750

    The Russian alphabet was derived from Cyrillic script for Old Church Slavonic language. Initially an old variant of the Bulgarian alphabet, it became used in the Kievan Rus' since the 10th century to write what would become the Russian language. The modern Russian alphabet consists of 33 letters. It has twenty consonants, ten vowels, a semivowel, and two modifier letters that alter pronunciation of a preceding consonant and/or a following vowel.

    The hard sign acts like a "silent back vowel" that separates a succeeding "soft vowel" from a preceding consonant, invoking implicit iotation of the vowel with a distinct /j/ glide. Today it is used mostly to separate a prefix ending with a hard consonant from the following root.

    The soft sign in most positions acts like a "silent front vowel" and indicates that the preceding consonant is palatalized and the following vowel is iotated. This is important as palatalization is phonemic in Russian. For example, брат contrasts with брать. The ...

    Some of the vowels, ⟨е, ё, и, ю, я⟩, indicate a preceding palatalized consonant and with the exception of ⟨и⟩ are iotated when written at the beginning of a word or following another vowel. The IPA vowels shown are a guideline only and sometimes are realized as different sounds, particularly when unstressed. However, ⟨е⟩ may be used in words of foreign origin without palatalization, and ⟨я⟩ is often realized as between soft consonants, such as in мяч. ⟨ы⟩ is ...

    ⟨ѯ⟩ and ⟨ѱ⟩ derived from Greek letters xi and psi, used etymologically though inconsistently in secular writing until the eighteenth century, and more consistently to the present day in Church Slavonic. ⟨ѡ⟩ is the Greek letter omega, identical in pronunciation to ⟨о⟩, used in secular writing until the eighteenth century, but to the present day in Church Slavonic, mostly to distinguish inflexional forms otherwise written identically. ⟨ѕ⟩ corresponded to a more ...

    • Cyrillic
    • Alphabet
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