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  1. › wiki › History_of_WikipediaHistory of Wikipedia

    According to comScore, Wikipedia receives over 117 million monthly unique visitors from the United States alone. [9] Contents 1 Historical overview 1.1 Background 1.2 Formulation of the concept 1.3 Founding of Wikipedia 1.4 Divisions and internationalization 1.5 Development of Wikipedia 1.6 Past content of Wikipedia 1.7 Evolution of logo 2 Timeline

  2. › wiki › HistoryHistory - Wikipedia

    The history of the world is the memory of the past experience of Homo sapiens sapiens around the world, as that experience has been preserved, largely in written records. By "prehistory", historians mean the recovery of knowledge of the past in an area where no written records exist, or where the writing of a culture is not understood.

  3. In demographics, the term world population is often used to refer to the total number of humans currently living, and was estimated to have exceeded 7.9 billion as of November 2021. [3] It took over two million years of human prehistory and history for the human population to reach one billion and only 207 years more to grow to 7 billion. [4]

    • Ten Oldest Verified People Ever
    • Ten Oldest Living People
    • Chronological List of The Oldest Known Living Person Since 1955

    Systematic verification of longevity has only been practiced in recent decades and only in certain parts of the world. All ten oldest verified people ever are women. Legend DeceasedLiving

    Oldest living people

    All of the world's ten oldest known living people are women. d^ Juniewicz was born in Krupsko near Lviv, then in Austria-Hungary, now in Ukraine. e^Branyas Morera was born in the United States.

    Oldest living men

    g^ Bandang was born in the Raj of Sarawak, then a British protectorate. h^ Ruisheng was born in the Qing dynasty, now China.

    This table lists the sequence of the world's oldest known living person from 1955 to present, according to GRG research. Due to the life expectancy difference between sexes, nearly all the oldest living people have been women; a sequence of the oldest living menis provided below the main list.

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  5. › wiki › SamaritansSamaritans - Wikipedia

    • Etymology
    • Origins
    • History
    • Genetic Studies
    • Demographics
    • Samaritanism
    • Christian Sources: New Testament
    • Notable Samaritans
    • See Also
    • External Links

    In Samaritan Hebrew, the Samaritans call themselves Shamerim (שַמֶרִים), which according to the Anchor Bible Dictionary, is derived from the Ancient Hebrew term meaning 'Guardians/Keepers/Watchers [of the Torah/Law]'. Biblical Hebrew Šomerim (Arabic: السامريون, romanized: al-Sāmiriyyūn) 'Guardians' (singular Šomer) comes from the Hebrew Semitic roo...

    Ancestrally, Samaritans claim descent from the tribe of Ephraim and tribe of Manasseh (two sons of Joseph) as well as from the Levites, who have links to ancient Samaria (now constituting the majority of the territory known as the West Bank) from the period of their entry into Canaan, while some Orthodox Jews suggest that it was from the beginning ...

    Iron Age

    The narratives in Genesis about the rivalries among the twelve sons of Jacob are viewed by some as describing tensions between north and south. According to the Hebrew Bible, they were temporarily united under a United Monarchy, but after the death of Solomon, the kingdom split in two, the northern Kingdom of Israel with its last capital city Samaria and the southern Kingdom of Judah with its capital, Jerusalem. The Deuteronomistic history, written in Judah, portrayed Israel as a sinful kingd...

    Persian period

    According to historian Lawrence Schiffman, throughout the Persian Period, Judeans and Samaritans fought periodically with one another. The Samaritans were a blend of all kinds of people—made up of Israelites who were not exiled when the Northern Kingdom was destroyed in 722 BCE—of various different nationalities whom the Assyrians had resettled in the area. The Assyrians did this as an attempt to ensure that Israel's national dream could not come true.[verification needed] According to the Je...

    Demographic investigation

    Demographic investigations of the Samaritan community were carried out in the 1960s. Detailed pedigrees of the last 13 generations show that the Samaritans comprise four lineages: 1. The priestly Cohenlineage from the tribe of Levi. 2. The Tsedakah lineage, claiming descent from the tribe of Manasseh 3. The Joshua-Marhiv lineage, claiming descent from the tribe of Ephraim 4. The Danafi lineage, claiming descent from the tribe of Ephraim

    Y-DNA and mtDNA comparisons

    Recently several genetic studies on the Samaritan population were made using haplogroup comparisons as well as wide-genome genetic studies. Of the 12 Samaritan males used in the analysis, 10 (83%) had Y chromosomes belonging to haplogroup J, which includes three of the four Samaritan families. The Joshua-Marhiv family belongs to Haplogroup J-M267 (formerly "J1"), while the Danafi and Tsedakah families belong to haplogroup J-M172 (formerly "J2"), and can be further distinguished by the M67 SNP...


    There were 1 million Samaritans in biblical times, but in recent times the numbers are smaller. There were 100 in 1786 and 141 in 1919, then 150 in 1967.This grew to 745 in 2011, 751 in 2012, 756 in 2013, 760 in 2014, 777 in 2015, 785 in 2016, 796 in 2017, 810 in 2018 and 820 in 2019. Half reside in modern homes at Kiryat Luza on Mount Gerizim, which is sacred to them, and the rest in the city of Holon, just outside Tel Aviv. There are also four Samaritan families residing in Binyamina-Giv'at...

    Community survival

    One of the biggest problems facing the community today is the issue of continuity. With such a small population, divided into only four families (Cohen, Tsedakah, Danafi, and Marhiv, with the Matar family dying out in 1968) and a general refusal to accept converts, it is common for Samaritans to marry within their extended families, even first cousins. There has been a history of genetic disorders within the group due to the small gene pool. To counter this, the Holon Samaritan community has...

    Samaritan origins of Palestinian Muslims in Nablus

    Much of the local Palestinian population of Nablus is believed to be descended from Samaritans who converted to Islam. According to the historian Fayyad Altif, large numbers of Samaritans converted due to persecution under various Muslim rulers, and because the monotheistic nature of Islam made it easy for them to accept it. The Samaritans themselves describe the Ottoman period as the worst period in their modern history, as many Samaritan families were forced to convert to Islam during that...

    Samaritanism is centered on the Samaritan Pentateuch, which Samaritans believe to be the original and unaltered version of the Torah that was given to Moses and the Israelites on Mount Sinai. The Samaritan Pentateuch contains some differences from the Masoretic version of the Torah used in Judaism; according to Samaritan tradition, key parts of the...

    Samaria or Samaritans are mentioned in the New Testament books of Matthew, Luke, John and Acts. The Gospel of Mark contains no mention of Samaritans or Samaria. The best known reference to the Samaritans is the Parable of the Good Samaritan, found in the Gospel of Luke. The following references are found: 1. When instructing his disciples as to how...

    Samaritan view 1. Israelite Samaritan Information Institute 2. The Samaritans 3. The Samaritan Update 4. Society for Samaritan Studies Jewish view 1. "Samaritans" in The Jewish Encyclopedia 2. "Good Samaritans: Israel's smallest religious minority offers Jews a glimpse of what might have been" Archived 2018-11-20 at the Wayback Machine by Benjamin ...

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