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  1. Russia, officially the Russian Federation , is a transcontinental country in Eastern Europe and North Asia. At 17125200 km2, Russia is by far or by a considerable margin the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with about 146.77 million people, including Crimea.

  2. Yakutsk, Sakha, Russian Federation Lat Long Coordinates Info. The latitude of Yakutsk, Sakha, Russian Federation is 62.035454, and the longitude is 129.675476.Yakutsk, Sakha, Russian Federation is located at Russia country in the Cities place category with the gps coordinates of 62° 2' 7.6344'' N and 129° 40' 31.7136'' E.

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  4. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › YakutskYakutsk - Wikipedia

    Yakutsk (Russian: Якутск, IPA: [jɪˈkutsk]; Yakut: Дьокуускай, Gyokuusky, pronounced [ɟokuːskaj]) is the capital city of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located about 450 km (280 mi) south of the Arctic Circle . Yakutsk with an average temperature of −8.8 °C (16.2 °F), is the coldest large city in the world.

    • 122 km² (47 sq mi)
    • 1632
    • 95 m (312 ft)
    • Russia
  5. Language English Online Format ... Republic of Sakha Republic of Sakha-Yakutiia Russia Federation Russian Federation Yakutiia Yakutsk, 2002. [Photograph] Retrieved ...

  6. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Sakha_RepublicSakha - Wikipedia

    • Etymology
    • Geography
    • History
    • Demographics
    • Politics
    • Economy
    • Transportation
    • Education
    • Culture
    • National Days

    The exonym Yakut comes from the Evenk term Yаkо (also yoqo, ñoqa, or ñoka), which was the term the Evenks used to describe the Sakha. This was in turn picked up by the Russians. The Yukaghirs, another neighboring people in Siberia, use the exonym yoqol ~ yoqod- ~ yoqon- (Tundra Yukaghir) or yaqal ~ yaqad- ~ yaqan- (Kolyma Yukaghir).[citation needed] The name Sakha, the name by which the Yakuts currently call themselves[citation needed] , is probably of the same origin[citation needed] (*jaqa > Sakha following regular sound changes in the course of development of the Yakut language)[citation needed] as the Evenk and Yukaghir exonyms for the Yakuts and is pronounced as Haka by the Dolgans, whose language is either a dialect or a close relative of the Yakut language.

    Borders:
    Highest point: Peak Pobeda (3,003 m), Mus-Khaya MountainPeak (2959 m or 3,011 m)
    Maximum N->S distance: 2,500 km (1,600 mi)
    Maximum E->W distance: 2,000 km (1,200 mi)

    Pre-history

    Siberia, and particularly Sakha, is of paleontological significance, as it contains bodies of prehistoric animals from the Pleistocene Epoch, preserved in ice or permafrost. In 2015, the frozen bodies of Dina and Uyan the cave lion cubs were found. Bodies of Yuka and another woolly mammoth from Oymyakon, a woolly rhinoceros from the Kolyma River, and bison and horses from Yukagir have also been found. In June 2019, the severed yet preserved head of a large wolf from the Pleistocene, dated to...

    Early history

    The Turkic Sakha people or Yakuts may have settled the area as early as the 9th century or as late as the 16th century, though most likely there were several migrations. They migrated up north from around Lake Baikal to the middle Lenadue to pressure by the Buryats, a Mongolic group. The Sakha displaced earlier, much smaller populations who lived on hunting and reindeer herding, introducing the pastoralist economy of Central Asia. The indigenous populations of Paleosiberian and Tungusic stock...

    Russian conquest

    The Tsardom of Russia began its conquest of the region in the 17th century, moving east after the defeat of the Khanate of Sibir. Tygyn, a king of the Khangalassky Sakha, granted territory for Russian settlement in return for a military pact that included war against indigenous rebels of all North Eastern Asia (Magadan, Chukotka, Kamchatka and Sakhalin). Kull, a king of the Megino-Khangalassky Sakha, began a Sakha conspiracy by allowing the first stockade construction.[citation needed] In Aug...

    Population: 958,528 (2010 Census); 949,280 (2002 Census); 1,081,408 (1989 Census). Population density is 0.31 per km2(2019), which is one of the lowest among Russian districts. Urban population - 65,45% (2018).

    The head of government in Sakha is the Head (previously President). The first Head of the Sakha Republic was Mikhail Yefimovich Nikolayev. As of 2021, the president is Aysen Nikolayev, who took office on May 28, 2018. The supreme legislative body of state authority in Sakha is a unicameral State Assembly known as the Il Tumen. The government of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic is the executive body of state authority. The republic fosters close cultural, political, economic, and industrial relations with the independent Turkic states through membership in organizations such as the Turkic Council and the Joint Administration of Turkic Arts and Culture.

    Industry generates slightly above 50%[citation needed] of the gross national product of Sakha, stemming primarily from mineral exploitation. Industrial enterprises are concentrated in the capital Yakutsk, as well as in Aldan, Mirny, Neryungri, Pokrovsk, and Udachny. The diamond, gold, and tin ore mining industries are the major focus of the economy. Uranium ore is beginning to be mined. The Turkic-speaking Sakha people are engaged in politics, government, finance, economy, and cattle-breeding (horses and cows for milk and meat). The Paleoasian indigenous peoples are hunters, fishermen, and reindeerherders. As of 2008, Sakha Republic is the 19th most developed federal subject in Russia. The largest companies in the region include Alrosa, Yakutugol, Yakutskenergo, and Yakutia Airlines.

    Water transport ranks first for cargo turnover. There are six river ports, two seaports (Tiksi and Zelyony Mys). Four shipping companies, including the Arctic Sea Shipping Company, operate in the republic. The republic's main waterway is the Lena River, which links Yakutsk with the rail station of Ust-Kut in Irkutsk Oblast. Air transport is the most important for transporting people. Airlines connect the republic with most regions of Russia. Yakutsk Airporthas an international terminal. Two federal roads pass the republic. They are Yakutsk–Skovorodino (A360 Lena highway) and Yakutsk–Magadan (M56 Kolyma Highway).However, due to the presence of permafrost, use of asphalt is not practical, and therefore the roads are made of clay. When heavy rains blow over the region, the roads often turn to mud, sometimes stranding hundreds of travelers in the process. The Berkakit–Tommot railroad is currently in operation. It links the Baikal Amur Mainline with the industrial centers in South Sakha....

    The most important facilities of higher education include North-Eastern Federal University (previously Yakutsk State University) and Yakutsk State Agricultural Academy.

    Points of interest in the city include: 1. the State Russian drama theatre named after Alexander Pushkin 2. the Sakha Theater named after Platon Oyunsky 3. the State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre named after D. K. Sivtsev 4. Suorun Omoloon, the Young Spectator's Theatre There are a number of museums as well. These include the National Fine Arts Museum of Sakha, the Museum of Local Lore and History named after E. Yaroslavsky, and the Khomus Museum and Museum of Permafrost. In the 2010s, a movie boom began in Yakutia. Local film industry was labelled "Sakhawood".

    April 27: Republic Day
    June 21: Yhyakh festival(also known as Sakha New Year)
    • Саха Өрөспүүбүлүкэтэ
    • Far Eastern
  7. Sakha Republic is the most sparsely populated region in Russia. Less than one million of people populate the area of three million square kilometers. Yakutsk is the capital of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). It was founded in 1632 by Russian Cossacks (Russian military warriors). Today the city is populated by 310,790 people.

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