Why was the Gregorian calendar introduced in 1582?
- It was introduced in October 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII as a minor modification of the Julian calendar, reducing the average year from 365.25 days to 365.2425 days, and adjusting for the drift in the 'tropical' or 'solar' year that the inaccuracy had caused during the intervening centuries.
Our 1860 year calendar is a single page 12-month calendar based on Gregorian calendar. The annual calendars on this page are available in multiple styles which you can print, edit, customize, or download. Calendars are downloadable and printable in three document types: Microsoft Word, Excel, and PDF.
- Politics and Wars
- Assassinations and Attempts
- Science and Technology
- Popular Culture
- Further Reading
1. French occupation of Mexico (1863–1867). Replacement of President of Mexico Benito Juárez (1861–1863) at first with Juan Nepomuceno Almonte (1863–1864) and then by Emperor Maximilian of Mexico (1864–1867) with the establishment of the Second Mexican Empire. Juárez eventually manages to recover his position (1867–1872). 2. On 18 October 1860, the first Convention of Peking formally ended the Second Opium War. 3. The American Civil Warlasted from 1861 to 1865. 4. The Paraguayan War (1864–187...
1. American Civil War fought between the remaining United States of America under President Abraham Lincoln and the self-declared Confederate States of America under President Jefferson Davis (April 12, 1861 – April 9, 1865) and Vice President Alexander Stephens. Beginning of the Reconstruction era under President Andrew Johnson(1865–1869). 2. 1863–64 January Uprising in the Russian Empire. 3. On 19 July 1864 the fall of Nanjing formally ended the 14-year Taiping Rebellion. 4. 1862-1877 Tongz...
Prominent political events
1. Italian Unification under King Victor Emmanuel II. Wars for expansion and national unity continue until the incorporation of the Papal States(March 17, 1861 – September 20, 1870). 2. Abolition of serfdom in Russia by tsar Alexander II(1861). 3. Meiji Restoration in Japan (1866–1869). Tokugawa Yoshinobu, 15th and last of the Tokugawa shōguns loses control to the Meiji Emperor. A series of reforms follows. The samurai class fails to survive while the daimyōs turn to politics. 4. The Dominion...
Prominent assassinations, targeted killings, and assassination attempts include: 1. President of the United States Abraham Lincoln is assassinated by John Wilkes Booth, April 14, 1865. 2. King of Madagascar Radama IIis captured by soldiers and strangled to death. 3. Manuel Isidoro Belzu, President of Boliviais assassinated. 4. Father of Canadian Confederation, Thomas D'Arcy McGee is assassinated by Patrick J. Whelan. 5. Sakamoto Ryōma, a prominent figure in the Bakumatsu era in Japan and part of the movement to overthrow the Tokugawa shogunate, is assassinated along with Nakaoka Shintarōat a Kyoto inn in 1867.The Metropolitan Railway, the world's first underground railway, opens in London in 1863.The First Transcontinental Railroadin the USA is completed in 1869.The Suez Canal in Egyptis opened in 1869.The Plongeur, the first mechanically powered submarinein the world, is launched in 1863 after three years of construction.The Christian Mission, later renamed The Salvation Army, is co-founded by William and Catherine Booth in London, England in 1865.The London Fire Brigadewas established in 1865.Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana, USA opens its doors on May 6, 1869, for the first time under a land grant from the Morrill Act.
1. In Catholicism, reaction against higher criticism and the liberal movement in Europe 2. The Seventh-day Adventist Church becomes officially established in 1863 in Battle Creek, Michigan. 3. Bahá'u'lláh declares his station as "the One whom God shall make Manifest", in the Garden of Ridván, as foretold by the Báb. Baháʼís see this as the beginning date of the Baháʼí Faith.
Literature and arts
1. Victor Hugo publishes Les Misérables. 2. Leo Tolstoy publishes War and Peace. 3. Fyodor Dostoevsky publishes Crime and Punishment. 4. Lewis Carroll publishes Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. 5. Jules Verne publishes Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea. 6. Impressionismwent public. 7. Charles Dickens publishes Great Expectations and Our Mutual Friend. 8. George Eliot publishes the Silas Marner. 9. Karl Marx publishes Das Kapital. 10. Horatio Alger publishes "Ragged Dick". 11. Winged Vict...
1. The first college footballgame is played in 1869, with Rutgers beating Princeton 6–4. 2. The sport of skiingis invented around 1862. 3. The Football Association is formed in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, paving the way for association footballto become the world's predominant spectator sport. 4. The Cincinnati Redstockings became the first openly professional baseball team in 1869. They finished the same season with a perfect 58–0 record, thanks in large part to their Ha...
1. Louis Curchod, Director International Telecommunication Union
Famous and infamous personalities
1. John Wilkes Booth, the assassin of president Abraham Lincoln 2. Kit Carson, Wild West, frontiersman, mountain man 3. Thomas C. Durant, Wild West, railroad tycoon 4. Wild Bill Hickok, Wild West, lawman.Appleton's Annual Cyclopaedia and Register of Important Events: 1861 (1864) onlineAppletons' annual cyclopedia and register of important events: Embracing political, military, and ecclesiastical affairs; public documents; biography, statistics, commerce, finance, literature, sci...The American Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events of the Year 1867
People also ask
Why was the Gregorian calendar introduced in 1582?
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What was the most important War of the 1860s?
1. January 2 – The discovery of a hypothetical planet Vulcan is announced at a meeting of the French Academy of Sciencesin Paris, France. 2. January 10 – The Pemberton Mill in Lawrence, Massachusettscollapses, killing 146 workers. 3. January 13 – Battle of Tétouan, Morocco: Spanish troops under General Leopoldo O'Donnell, 1st Duke of Tetuan defeat the Moroccan Army. 4. January 20 – Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour is recalled as Prime Minister of Piedmont-Sardinia. 5. February 22 – Shoe-making...
1. April 2 – The first Italian Parliament meets at Turin. 2. April 3 – The Pony Express begins its first run from St. Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California, with riders carrying a small Bible. 3. April 4 – A new uprising erupts in Palermo. 4. April 9 – French typesetter Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville sings the French folk song Au clair de la lune to his phonautograph, producing the world's earliest known sound recording (however, it is not rediscovered until 2008). 5. May 1 – A Chondr...
1. July 2 – Vladivostokis founded in Russia. 2. July 9 – The Nightingale Training School and Home for Nurses, the first nursing school based on the ideas of Florence Nightingale, is opened at St Thomas' Hospitalin London. 3. July 11 – Mutsuhito (the future Emperor Meiji) becomes Crown Princeof Japan. 4. July 20 – Battle of Milazzo: The forces of Giuseppe Garibaldi defeat royal Neapolitan forces near Messina, bringing nearly all of Sicily under Garibaldi's control.July 20: Garibaldi. 5. August...
1. January 3 – Kato Takaaki, 24th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1926) 2. January 8 – Emma Booth, fourth child of William and Catherine Booth (d. 1903) 3. January 17 – Douglas Hyde, 1st President of Ireland (d. 1949) 4. January 21 – Karl Staaff, Swedish lawyer, politician, 11th Prime Minister of Sweden (d. 1915) 5. January 25 – Charles Curtis, 31st Vice President of the United States (d. 1936) 6. January 28 – W. G. Read Mullan, American Jesuit, academic (d. 1910) 7. January 29 7.1. William Jacob...
1. April 2 – Zheng Xiaoxu, Chinese statesman, diplomat and calligrapher, first Prime Minister of Manchukuo (d. 1938) 2. April 7 – Will Keith Kellogg, American industrialist, founder of the Kellogg Company (d. 1951) 3. May 2 – Theodor Herzl, Austrian founder of modern political Zionism (d. 1904) 4. May 7 – Tom Norman, English freak showman (d. 1930) 5. May 9 – J. M. Barrie, Scottish author (d. 1937) 6. May 15 – Ellen Axson Wilson, First Lady of the United States (d. 1914) 7. May 20 – Eduard Bu...
1. July 3 – Charlotte Perkins Gilman, American feminist (d. 1935) 2. July 7 – Gustav Mahler, Austrian composer (d. 1911) 3. July 16 – Otto Jespersen, Danish linguist, creator of Ido and Novial languages (d.1943) 4. July 19 – Lizzie Borden, American murder suspect (d. 1927) 5. July 31 – Sir George Warrender, 7th Baronet, British admiral (d. 1917) 6. August 1 – Bazil Assan, Romanian engineer and explorer (d. 1918) 7. August 3 – William Kennedy Dickson, Scottish inventor, cinema pioneer, and fil...
1. January 1 – Thomas Hobbes Scott, English clergyman (b. 1783) 2. January 5 – John Neumann, Saint and Roman Catholic Bishop of Philadelphia (b. 1811) 3. January 10 – Ezequiel Zamora, leader of the Federalist Army in Venezuela (b. 1817) 4. January 13 – William Mason, American politician (b. 1786) 5. January 18 – John Nelson (lawyer), American lawyer (b. 1791) 6. January 26 – Eliza Lee Cabot Follen, American writer (b. 1787) 7. January 27 7.1. János Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1802) 7....
1. July 1 – Charles Goodyear, American inventor (b. 1800) 2. September 12 – William Walker, American filibuster who was briefly President of Nicaragua (executed) (b. 1824) 3. September 21 – Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (b. 1788) 4. October 12 – Sir Harry Smith, English soldier, military commander (b. 1787) 5. October 22 – Wanda Malecka, Polish publisher (b. 1800) 6. October 25 – Alexander Maconchie, Scottish penal reformer (b. 1787) 7. October 31 – Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dun...
1. Dai Xi, Chinese painter (b. 1801)
The Gregorian calendar, like the Julian calendar, is a solar calendar with 12 months of 28–31 days each. The year in both calendars consists of 365 days, with a leap day being added to February in the leap years. The months and length of months in the Gregorian calendar are the same as for the Julian calendar.
Since the creation of the People's Republic of China on October 1st 1949 by the President MAO Zedong (Mao Tsetong), China has officially adopted the Gregorian calendar, or the solar calendar for the administration purpose. Nevertheless, the Chinese People keep their traditional feasts fixed on the dates of the Chinese Lunar Calendar.
January 1, 1860 was the 1 st day of the year 1860 in the Gregorian calendar. There were 365 days remaining until the end of the year. The day of the week was Sunday. If you are trying to learn French then this day of the week in French is dimanche. A person born on this day will be 161 years old today.