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  1. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Harvard College, around which Harvard University eventually grew, was founded in 1636 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, making it the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States.

    History of Harvard University - Wikipedia
  2. Harvard College - Wikipedia › wiki › Harvard_College

    Harvard College is the undergraduate college of Harvard University, an Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Founded in 1636, Harvard College is the original school of Harvard University, the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States and among the most prestigious in the world.

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  3. Harvard University - Wikipedia › wiki › Harvard_University

    Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.Established in 1636 and named for its first benefactor, clergyman John Harvard, Harvard is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States and among the most prestigious in the world.

    • John Harvard
    • Urban, 209 acres (85 ha)
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  5. History of Harvard University - Wikipedia › wiki › History_of_Harvard_University
    • Overview
    • Colonial origins
    • 18th century
    • 19th century
    • Graduate schools
    • 20th century

    Harvard College, around which Harvard University eventually grew, was founded in 1636 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, making it the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States. For centuries, its graduates dominated Massachusetts' clerical and civil ranks and beginning in the 19th century its stature became national, then international, as a dozen graduate and professional schools were formed alongside the nucleus undergraduate College. Historically influential in national roles are

    With some 17,000 Puritans migrating to New England by 1636, Harvard was founded in anticipation of the need for training clergy for the new commonwealth, a "church in the wilderness". Harvard was established in 1636 by vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. In 1638, the school received a printing press‍—‌the only press in North America at the time, until Harvard acquired a second in 1659. On March 13, 1639, the college was renamed Harvard College after ...

    The early motto of Harvard was Veritas Christo et Ecclesiae, meaning "Truth for Christ and the Church". In the early classes, half the graduates became ministers and ten of Harvard's first twelve presidents were ministers. Systematic theological instruction was inaugurated in 1721 and by 1827 Harvard became a nucleus of theological teaching in New England. The end of Mather's presidency in 1701 marked the start of a long struggle between orthodoxy and liberalism. Harvard's first secular presiden

    Throughout the 18th century, Enlightenment ideas of the power of reason and free will became widespread among Congregational ministers, putting those ministers and their congregations in tension with more traditionalist, Calvinist parties.:1–4 When the Hollis Professor of ...

    In 1846, the natural history lectures of Louis Agassiz were acclaimed both in New York and on his campus at Harvard College. Agassiz's approach was distinctly idealist and posited Americans' "participation in the Divine Nature" and the possibility of understanding "intellectual e

    Between 1830 and 1870, Harvard became "privatized". While the Federalists controlled state government, Harvard had prospered and the 1824 defeat of the Federalist Party in Massachusetts allowed the renascent Democratic-Republicans to block state funding of private universities. B

    The school, the third-oldest medical school in the United States, was founded in 1782 as Massachusetts Medical College by John Warren, Benjamin Waterhouse and Aaron Dexter. It relocated from Cambridge across the river to Boston in 1810. The medical school was tied to the rest of

    The Harvard Law School was established in 1817, making it the oldest continuously operating law school in the nation. It was a small operation and grew slowly. By 1827, it was down to one faculty member. Nathan Dane, a prominent alumnus, endowed the Dane Professorship of Law and

    As the College modernized in the late 19th century, the faculty was organized into departments and began to add graduate programs, especially the PhD. Charles William Eliot, president from 1869 to 1909, was a chemist who had spent two years in Germany studying their universities.

    During the 20th century, Harvard's international reputation for scholarship grew as a burgeoning endowment and prominent professors expanded the university's scope. Explosive growth in the student population continued with the addition of new graduate schools and the expansion of the undergraduate program. It built the largest and finest academic library in the world and built up the labs and clinics needed to establish the reputation of its science departments and the Medical School. The Law Sc

    • Year founded
  6. Harvard University - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ... › wiki › Harvard_College

    Harvard University is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and a member of the Ivy League. Harvard was started on September 8, 1636, and it is the oldest university in the United States. Harvard's current president is Lawrence Bacow. The school color is crimson, which is a dark red color.

    • 1636
    • Truth
  7. Harvard College — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 › en › Harvard_College
    • History
    • Admissions
    • Academics
    • Student Life
    • Notable Alumni
    • Further Reading

    The school came into ex­is­tence in 1636 by vote of the Great and Gen­eral Court of the Mass­a­chu­setts Bay Colony—though with­out a sin­gle build­ing, in­struc­tor, or stu­dent. In 1638, the col­lege be­came home for North Amer­ica's first known print­ing press, car­ried by the ship John of Lon­don.Three years later, the col­lege was re­named in honor of de­ceased Charlestown min­is­ter John Har­vard(1607–1638) who had be­queathed to the school his en­tire li­brary and half of his mon­e­tary es­tate. Har­vard's first in­struc­tor was school­mas­ter Nathaniel Eaton (1610–1674); in 1639, he also be­came its first in­struc­tor to be dis­missed, for over­strict discipline.The school's first stu­dents were grad­u­ated in 1642. In 1665, Caleb Chee­shahteau­muck (c. 1643–1666) "from the Wampanoag… did grad­u­ate from Har­vard, the first In­dian to do so in the colo­nial period." The col­leges of Eng­land's Ox­ford and Cam­bridge Uni­ver­si­ties are com­mu­ni­ties within the larger uni­ve...

    Har­vard's un­der­grad­u­ate ad­mis­sions process is char­ac­ter­ized by the Carnegie Foun­da­tion as "more se­lec­tive, lower transfer-in."Ad­mis­sion is based on aca­d­e­mic prowess, ex­tracur­ric­u­lar ac­tiv­i­ties, and per­sonal qual­i­ties. For the un­der­grad­u­ate class of 2023, Har­vard had 43,330 ap­pli­cants, ac­cept­ing 2,009 (4.6%) and en­rolling 1,649.The mid­dle 50% range of SAT scores of en­rolled fresh­men was 710–770 for read­ing and writ­ing and 750–800 for math, while the mid­dle 50% range of the ACT com­pos­ite score was 33–35.The av­er­age high school grade point av­er­age (GPA) was 4.18. Har­vard Col­lege ended its early ad­mis­sions pro­gram in 2007, but for the class of 2016 and be­yond, an early ac­tion pro­gram was reintroduced.The fresh­man class that en­tered in the fall of 2017 was the first to be pre­dom­i­nantly (50.8%) nonwhite. A fed­eral law­suit al­leges that Har­vard's ad­mis­sions poli­cies dis­crim­i­nate against Asian Amer­i­cans, who tend to...

    The four-year, full-time un­der­grad­u­ate pro­gram has a lib­eral arts and sci­ences focus.To grad­u­ate in the usual four years, un­der­grad­u­ates nor­mally take four courses per semester. Mid­way through the sec­ond year, most un­der­grad­u­ates join one of fifty aca­d­e­mic ma­jors; many also de­clare a minor (sec­ondary field). Joint ma­jors (com­bin­ing the re­quire­ments of two ma­jors) and spe­cial ma­jors (of the stu­dent's own de­sign) are also possible.Most ma­jors lead to the Ar­tium Baccalaureus (AB). some award the Sci­en­tiae Baccalaureus (SB). There are also dual de­gree pro­grams per­mit­ting stu­dents to earn both a Har­vard AB and a Mas­ter of Music (MM) from ei­ther the New Eng­land Con­ser­va­tory of Music or the Berklee Col­lege of Music over five years.In most ma­jors, an hon­ors de­gree re­quires ad­vanced course­work and a se­nior thesis. Un­der­grad­u­ates must also take courses in four fields (Aes­thet­ics and Cul­ture; Ethics and Civics; His­to­ries, So­...

    House system

    Nearly all un­der­grad­u­ates live on cam­pus, for the first year in dor­mi­to­ries in or near Har­vard Yard and later in the up­per­class houses—ad­min­is­tra­tive sub­di­vi­sions of the col­lege as well as liv­ing quar­ters, pro­vid­ing a sense of com­mu­nity in what might oth­er­wise be a so­cially in­co­he­sive and ad­min­is­tra­tively daunt­ing uni­ver­sity en­vi­ron­ment. Each house is presided over by two fac­ulty deans, while its All­ston Burr Res­i­dent Dean—usu­ally a ju­nior fac­ul...

    Student government

    The Har­vard Un­der­grad­u­ate Coun­cil (UC) is the 51-mem­ber stu­dent gov­ern­ment of Har­vard Col­lege. The stu­dent body at large elects the UC's pres­i­dent and vice pres­i­dent, while the twelve up­per­class houses and four fresh­man neigh­bor­hoods each sends three rep­re­sen­ta­tives. (The Dud­ley Co­op­er­a­tivesends one rep­re­sen­ta­tive.) The UC op­er­ates sev­eral com­mit­tees on is­sues per­tain­ing to un­der­grad­u­ates and al­lo­cates re­sources to stu­dent or­ga­ni­za­tions.


    The Har­vard Crim­son fields 42 in­ter­col­le­giate sports teams in the NCAA Di­vi­sion I Ivy League, more than any other NCAA Di­vi­sion I col­lege in the country. Every two years, the Har­vard and Yale track and field teams come to­gether to com­pete against a com­bined Ox­ford and Cam­bridge team in the old­est con­tin­u­ous in­ter­na­tional am­a­teur com­pe­ti­tion in the world. As with other Ivy League uni­ver­si­ties, Har­vard does not offer ath­letic schol­ar­ships. Har­vard's ath­leti...

    Notable Harvard College alumni include:
    Min­is­ter, au­thor, and pam­phle­teer Cot­ton Mather (AB,1678)
    US pres­i­dent John Adams (AB,1755)
    US vice pres­i­dent El­bridge Gerry (AB,1762)
    King, M. (1884). Harvard and Its Surroundings. Cambridge: Moses King.
    Monaghan, E. J. (2005). Learning to Read and Write in Colonial America. Boston: UMass Press.
  8. Harvard College Observatory - Wikipedia › wiki › Harvard_College_Observatory
    • Overview
    • History
    • Publications

    The Harvard College Observatory is an institution managing a complex of buildings and multiple instruments used for astronomical research by the Harvard University Department of Astronomy. It is located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States, and was founded in 1839. With the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, it forms part of the Harvard–Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. HCO houses a collection of approximately 500,000 astronomical plates taken between the mid-1880s and 1989...

    In 1839, the Harvard Corporation voted to appoint William Cranch Bond, a prominent Boston clockmaker, as "Astronomical Observer to the University". This marked the founding of the Harvard College Observatory. HCO's first telescope, the 15-inch Great Refractor, was installed in 1847. That telescope was the largest in the United States from installation until 1867. Between 1847 and 1852 Bond and pioneer photographer John Adams Whipple used the Great Refractor telescope to produce images of the moo

    From 1898 to 1926, a series of Bulletins were issued containing many of the major discoveries of the period. These were then replaced by Announcement Cards which continued to be issued until 1952. In 1908, the observatory published the Harvard Revised Photometry Catalogue, which gave rise to the HR star catalogue, now maintained by the Yale University Observatory as the Bright Star Catalogue.

    • HCO
    • 802
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