The Latin script, also known as the Roman script, is an alphabetic writing system based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, derived from a form of the Greek alphabet which was in use in the ancient Greek city of Cumae, in southern Italy (Magna Graecia).
As of version 15.1 of the Unicode Standard, 1,481 characters in the following 19 blocks are classified as belonging to the Latin script. Basic Latin, 0000–007F. This block corresponds to ASCII. Latin-1 Supplement, 0080–00FF. This block and the ASCII part collectively corresponds to IANA Latin-1. Latin Extended-A, 0100–017F
The term Latin alphabet may refer to either the alphabet used to write Latin (as described in this article) or other alphabets based on the Latin script, which is the basic set of letters common to the various alphabets descended from the classical Latin alphabet, such as the English alphabet.
The Latin script is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world.  It is the standard script of the English language and is often referred to simply as "the alphabet" in English. It is a true alphabet which originated in the 7th century BC in Italy and has changed continually over the last 2,500 years.
The Latin or Roman script is a writing system used to write many modern-day languages. It is the most used writing system in the world today. It is the official script for nearly all the languages of Western Europe and of some Eastern European languages. It is also used by some non-European languages such as Turkish, Vietnamese, Malay ...
Spread of the Latin script. Current distribution of the Latin script. Countries where the Latin script is the sole main script. Countries where Latin co-exists with other scripts. Latin-script alphabets are sometimes extensively used in areas coloured grey due to the use of unofficial second languages, such as French in Algeria and English in ...
There are three types of Latin: Classical Latin, Vulgar Latin and Ecclesiastical Latin. Classical Latin was used by the educated Romans and is still studied around the world. Vulgar Latin was the more common spoken variety used by the common Romans and was learned by the peoples conquered by them.