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    Pennsylvania ( / ˌpɛnsɪlˈveɪniə / ( listen) PEN-səl-VAY-nee-ə; Pennsylvania German: Pennsilfaani ), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a U.S. state spanning the Mid-Atlantic, Northeastern, and Appalachian regions of the United States.

    • 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)
    • 9 Democrats, 9 Republicans (list)
    • History
    • Geography
    • Demographics
    • Education

    Pennsylvania was home to many Native American groups before Europeanssettled there. These include the Delaware, Susquehanna, and Iroquois. The first European settlers in Pennsylvania were from Sweden. They arrived in 1643. The area was later ruled by the Netherlands and Great Britain. In 1681, Charles II of England, gave the land to William Penn. P...

    Most of Pennsylvania is part of the Appalachian Mountains, including the south central and northeastern areas of the state. Much of the rest of the state is very hilly, partly due to the closeness to mountains and partly due to the steep river valleys in the state. The Monongahela, Allegheny, and Ohio rivers are in the western part of the state, an...

    Pennsylvania is the 5th most populated state. In 2020, there were 13,002,700 people. More than half of the people live in the areas of Pittsburgh and Philadelphia. Few people live in the north central area of the state. Towns and cities tend to be small in size and densely populated, more so than in other states. This is because many of the towns a...

    Pennsylvania has many colleges and universities. Officially, the state's public university is Pennsylvania State University. Best known are a few private university systems which are partially (around 10%) funded by the state, like University of Pittsburgh. The state's most well-known private university is the University of Pennsylvania, an Ivy Lea...

    • December 12, 1787 (2nd)
    • United States
    • Province of Pennsylvania
    • Harrisburg
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  3. The history of Pennsylvania begins in 1681 when William Penn received a royal deed from King Charles II of England, although European activity in the region precedes that date, like in 1643, when the area was first colonized by the Dutch. The area was home to the Lenape, Susquehannocks, Iroquois, Erie, Shawnee, Arandiqiouia, and other American ...

  4. Pennsylvania is 180 miles (290 km) north to south and 310 miles (500 km) east to west. The total land area is 44,817 square miles (116,080 km 2 )—739,200 acres (2,991 km 2) of which are bodies of water. It is the 33rd largest state in the United States. The highest point of 3,213 feet (979 m) above sea level is at Mount Davis.

    • Overview
    • Counties
    • Religious freedom and prosperity
    • Indian Relations

    The Province of Pennsylvania, also known as the Pennsylvania Colony, was a British North American colony founded by William Penn after receiving a land grant from Charles II of England in 1681. The name Pennsylvania refers to William's father, Admiral Sir William Penn. The Province of Pennsylvania was one of the two major Restoration colonies. The ...

    Despite having the land grant from the king, Penn embarked on an effort to purchase the lands from Native Americans. The Delaware held much of the land near present-day Philadelphia. They would have expected payment in exchange for a quitclaim to vacate the territory. Penn and his representatives negotiated a series of treaties with the Delaware an...

    William Penn and his fellow Quakers heavily imprinted their religious beliefs and values on the early Pennsylvanian government. The Charter of Privileges extended religious freedom to all monotheists, and the government was initially open to all Christians. Until the French and Indian War, Pennsylvania had no military, few taxes, and no public debt...

    William Penn had mandated fair dealings with Indians. This led to significantly better relations with the local Native tribes than most other colonies had. The Quakers had previously treated Indians with respect, bought land from them voluntarily, and had even representation of Indians and whites on juries. According to Voltaire, the Shackamaxon Tr...

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