When did Franz Liszt write his first symphony?
- Franz Liszt in 1884 – twenty years after his completion of the symphony transcriptions. Beethoven Symphonies (French: Symphonies de Beethoven), S.464, are a set of nine transcriptions for solo piano by Franz Liszt of Ludwig van Beethoven's symphonies 1–9. They are among the most technically demanding piano music ever written.
Franz Liszt in 1884 – twenty years after his completion of the symphony transcriptions. Beethoven Symphonies ( French: Symphonies de Beethoven ), S. 464, are a set of nine transcriptions for solo piano by Franz Liszt of Ludwig van Beethoven 's symphonies 1–9. They are among the most technically demanding piano music ever written.
The Hungarian Romantic composer Franz Liszt (1811–1886) was especially prolific, composing more than 700 works. A virtuoso pianist himself, much of Liszt's output is dedicated to solo works for the instrument and is particularly technically demanding.
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When did Franz Liszt write his first symphony?
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Franz Liszt was born to Anna Liszt (née Maria Anna Lager) and Adam Liszt on 22 October 1811, in the village of Doborján (German: Raiding) in Sopron County, in the Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire.[n 2] Liszt's father played the piano, violin, cello, and guitar. He had been in the service of Prince Nikolaus II Esterházy and knew Haydn, Hummel, and Beethoven personally. At age six, Franz began listening attentively to his father's piano playing. Franz also found exposure to music through att...
Adolescence in Paris
After his father's death in 1827, Liszt moved to Paris; for the next five years, he was to live with his mother in a small apartment. He gave up touring. To earn money, Liszt gave lessons in piano playing and composition, often from early morning until late at night. His students were scattered across the city and he often had to cover long distances. Because of this, he kept uncertain hours and also took up smoking and drinking—all habits he would continue throughout his life. The following...
After attending a charity concert on 20 April 1832, for the victims of the Parisian cholera epidemic, organized by Niccolò Paganini, Liszt became determined to become as great a virtuoso on the piano as Paganini was on the violin. Paris in the 1830s had become the nexus for pianistic activities, with dozens of pianists dedicated to perfection at the keyboard. Some, such as Sigismond Thalberg and Alexander Dreyschock, focused on specific aspects of technique, e.g. the "three-hand effect" and o...
Many musicians consider Liszt to be the greatest pianist who ever lived. The critic Peter G. Davishas opined: "Perhaps [Liszt] was not the most transcendent virtuoso who ever lived, but his audiences thought he was."
Liszt was a prolific composer. He is best known for his piano music, but he also wrote for orchestra and for other ensembles, virtually always including keyboard. His piano works are often marked by their difficulty. Some of his works are programmatic, based on extra-musical inspirations such as poetry or art. Liszt is credited with the creation of the symphonic poem.
Besides his musical works, Liszt wrote essays about many subjects. Most important for an understanding of his development is the article series "De la situation des artistes" ("On the situation of artists") which was published in the Parisian Gazette musicale in 1835. In winter 1835–36, during Liszt's stay in Geneva, about half a dozen further essays followed. One of them that was slated to be published under the pseudonym "Emm Prym" was about Liszt's own works. It was sent to Maurice Schlesinger, editor of the Gazette musicale. Schlesinger, however, following the advice of Berlioz, did not publish it.[n 13] At the beginning of 1837, Liszt published a review of some piano works of Sigismond Thalberg. The review provoked a huge scandal.[n 14]Liszt also published a series of writings titled "Baccalaureus letters", ending in 1841. During the Weimar years, Liszt wrote a series of essays about operas, leading from Gluck to Wagner. Liszt also wrote essays about Berlioz and the symphony Ha...
Although there was a period in which many considered Liszt's works "flashy" or superficial, it is now held that many of Liszt's compositions such as Nuages gris, Les jeux d'eaux à la villa d'Este, etc., which contain parallel fifths, the whole-tone scale, parallel diminished and augmented triads, and unresolved dissonances, anticipated and influenced twentieth-century music like that of Debussy, Ravel and Béla Bartók.Franz Liszt at CurlieFree scores by Franz Liszt at the International Music Score Library Project(IMSLP)Free scores by Franz Liszt in the Choral Public Domain Library(ChoralWiki)Works by Franz Liszt at Project Gutenberg
- 22 October 1811
- Music Division, Library of Congress
- 31 July 1886 (aged 74)
- Romantic music
The symphonic poems of the Hungarian composer Franz Liszt are a series of 13 orchestral works, numbered S.95–107. The first 12 were composed between 1848 and 1858 (though some use material conceived earlier); the last, Von der Wiege bis zum Grabe (From the Cradle to the Grave), followed in 1882.
Beethoven Symphonies, S. 464 Listz began his work on the transcriptions of Beethoven's symphonies in 1838, selling the transcriptions to publishers at the time. He completed the 5th, 6th and 7th symphonies before setting the work aside in order to concentrate on other compositions and touring.
Like Harmonia Mundi’s cycle devoted to the Liszt/Beethoven Symphony transcriptions, Hungaroton splits the playing chores among different pianists. Gábor Csalog is heard in the First, Third, and Eighth Symphonies, and Adrienn Krausz takes on the Second, Fourth, and Sixth. Whereas Harmonia Mundi recorded Liszt’s two-piano arrangement of the ...