Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world's fifth-most populous country with a population exceeding 225.2 million, and has the world's second-largest Muslim population. Pakistan is the 33rd-largest country by area, spanning
The history of Pakistan for the period preceding the country's creation in 1947 is shared with that of Afghanistan, India, and Iran. Spanning the western expanse of the Indian subcontinent and the eastern borderlands of the Iranian plateau , the region of present-day Pakistan served both as the fertile ground of a major civilization and as the ...
- Name, Flag and Anthem of Pakistan
- Government and Politics
- Geography and Climate
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The name Pakistan (English pronunciation: /ˈpækɪstæn/ (listen) or /pɑːkiˈstɑːn/ (listen); Urdu: پاکستان [paːkɪˈst̪aːn]) means Land of (the) Spiritually Pure in both Urdu and Persian languages. Many South-central Asian states and regions end with the element -stan, such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Balochistan, Kurdistan, and Turkistan. This -stan is formed from the Iranian root *STA "to stand, stay," and means "place (where one stays), home, country". Iranian peoples have been the main inhabitants of the various land regions of the Ancient Persian Empires now owned by the states for over a thousand years. The names are compounds of -stan and the name of the peoples living there. Pakistan is a bit different; its name was coined on 28 January 1933 as Pakstan by Choudhary Rahmat Ali, a Pakistan Movement activist, who published it in his paper Now or Never. by using the suffix -istan from Balochistan preceded by the first letters of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh. The name is actuall...
Pakistan has a federal parliamentary system. The head of state is an indirectly-elected ceremonial President. The Electoral college of the country, (composed of the Senate, the National Assembly, and the four Provincial Assemblies) chooses a leadership representing the President of Pakistan for a five-year term. The president is also the Commander in Chief of the Joint Armed Forces. The head of government is the Prime Minister, who is also indirectly elected. The President's appointment and term are constitutionally independent of the Prime Minister’s term. The Prime Minister is usually the leader of the largest party in the National Assembly or of a coalition in the National Assembly. The Prime Minister is the head of government. Pakistan's legislature is made of a 100-member Senate (upper house) and a 342-member National Assembly (lower house). The Chief Justice of Pakistan is the chief judge who oversees the judicature's court system at all levels of command. On 17 August 2018 Ex...
Pakistan has a semi-industrialized economy. The growth poles of the Pakistani economy are situated along the Indus River. Diversified economies of Karachi and Punjab's urban centres, coexist with less developed areas in other parts of the country.Despite being a very poor country in 1947, Pakistan's economic growth rate has been better than the global average during the following four decades, but incautious policies led to a slowdown in the late 1990s. Recently, large economic reforms have resulted in a stronger economic outlook and sped up growth especially in the manufacturing and financial services sectors. Since the 1990s, there has been great improvement in the foreign exchange market position and rapid growth in hard currencyreserves. The 2005 estimate of foreign debt was close to US$40 billion. However, this decreased with help from the International Monetary Fund and significant debt-relief from the United States. Pakistan's gross domestic product, as measured by purchasing...
Pakistan became Independent in 1947 from the United Kingdom which was known as the British Raj. The first organised people in Ancient Pakistan lived 9000 years ago. These people were the ones who made up the Indus Valley Civilization, which is one of the oldest civilizations on Earth. After that, the Vedic period came. This also included parts of north-western Republic of India. Until 1971, Pakistan also included an area in the North-east India region. This is now called Bangladesh. It lost that area after a war with the Indian Army and the joint militant group of Indo-Bangladeshi alliance of Mitro Bahini of West Bengal. During recent times Pakistan has been in the centre of world politics. This is first because of its support to guerillas in Afghanistan, following a Soviet invasion 1979, and later during the 1990s because of its cooperation with and support for the Taliban regime in Afghanistan. However, since 2000 Pakistan has supported the West in their war against fundamentalist...
There are many earthquakes in the area. The earthquake in 2005 with its earthquake center in Kashmiris the strongest recorded so far. Over 100,000 people were killed or wounded on 8 October 2005. Pakistan covers 880,940 km2 (340,130 sq mi), roughly similar to the combined land areas of France and the UK. Its eastern regions are located on the Indian plate and the western and northern regions on the Iranian plateau and Eurasian landplate. Apart from the 1,046 km (650 mi) Arabian Sea coastline, Pakistan's land borders total 6,774 km (4,209 mi)—2,430 km (1,510 mi) with Afghanistan to the northwest, 523 km (325 mi) with China to the northeast, 2,912 km (1,809 mi) with India to the south and east, and 909 km (565 mi) with Iranto the southwest. The northern and western highlands of Pakistan contain the towering Karakoram and Pamir mountain ranges, which include some of the world's highest peaks, including K2 8,611 m (28,251 ft) and Nanga Parbat 8,126 m (26,660 ft). The Balochistan Plateau...
Urdu is replacing English as the national language of the country. English is still spoken among the Pakistani elite and in most government ministries. Many people also speak Saraiki, Punjabi, Hindko, Pashto, Sindhi, Balochi, Brahui and Khowar. Shina is also one of the regional languages of Pakistan. It is spoken in Gilgit-Baltistan.
Most (97%) of the people are Muslim.[source?] Most of the Muslims in Pakistan are Sunni Muslims (>90%) and some are Shia Muslims (5%). However a few minority groups exist. Pakistan also has some Christian, Hindu, Sikh, Zoroastrians and animist minority groups in the northernparts of the country. After the split from British India, Hinduism had much less importance in the newly created state of Pakistan, but has played an important role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its...
Poverty in Pakistan is a growing concern. Although the middle-class has grown in Pakistan, nearly one-quarter of the population is classified poor as of October 2006.
The national sport of Pakistan is field hockey, although cricket is the most popular game across the country. The national cricket team has won the Cricket World Cup once (in 1992), were runners-up once (in 1999), and co-hosted the games twice (in 1987 and 1996). Pakistan were runners-up in the inaugural 2007 ICC World Twenty20 held in South Africa and were the champions at the 2009 ICC World Twenty20 held in England. The team also won two Asia Cups in 2000 and 2012. Lately however, Pakistani cricket has suffered heavily due to teams refusing to tour Pakistan after militants attacked the touring Sri Lankan team in March 2009, after which no international cricket was played until May 2015, when the Zimbabwean team agreed to tour. However, now, with increased security, the Sri Lankan cricket teamcame for a tour as recently as 2019. In addition to sports like field hockey, cricket, squash rackets, football and others, Pakistanis are also very keen on equestrianism of various types,and...
Pakistan was whiles part of the British Empirebut became independent in 1947 on 14th August, along with India. After than it had an existence as a independent state, tho fowk haes bid thare syne the seventeen year thousand BC. Ane o the world's oldest cities, Moenjo-Daro, wis in Pakistan. In 1947, after many years of campaigning, Pakistan and India war unthirlt frae Breetain. Pakistan wis creatit as the kintra for the Muslims, an Indae for the Hindus. This o coorse left the problem o whaur the Christians, Jews, Buddhists etc. wis tae bide, an thair places in the twa kintras haes been a problem tae the day. The kintra that's cried Bangladeshthe nou wis whiles pairt o Pakistan (cried East Pakistan) til it became independent in 1971.
The heidmaist leid o Pakistan is Urdu. Anerly aboot 10% o Pakistani's haes it as thair mither tongue, but it haes acome Pakistan's lingua franca an aw edicate Pakistanis haes it fluent. The ae ither naitional offeecial leid is English, but ilkane o the provinces haes offeecial leids forby thon, sic as Punjabi, Pushtu, Sindhian sae on. Punjabi haes the maist native speakers, aboot 44% o the kintra's indwallers. Mair nor aichty leids an byleids is spak in Pakistan. Some is spak bi gey few fowk, sic as Aer thatin 1998 haed anerly 100-200 speakers, while maist haes a wheen mair. Maist Pakistanis haes at least twa leids, an ken o fower or mair isna byordinar.
Pakistan was first as a state for the Muslim state of the Indian sub-continent, it isna supreesin that the feck o fowk in Pakistan (96%) is Muslims, (spleet atween awmaist 77% Sunni an 20% Shi'a). The lave is Muslims Christian, Jewish, Buddhism an a taut is Anamist, maistly o the Kalash fowk in the Nor' o the kintra.
Anerly 53% o Pakistan's indwallers is leeterate. Eddication stairts at the eild o five, tho mony stairtna schuil ava. Thare is, forby state schuils, Islamic schuils cried madrassas in Pakistan that haes been creeticised for upbiggin fundamentalist Islamic support in the kintra, an as an affcome biggin up support for terrorism. Aboot 7.5% o childer in the Nor' Wast Frontier Province is jaloused tae be eddicatit in madrassas. Thare's modren varsities in Pakistan, as weel as mony airmy colleges that offers trainin for offishers an siclike.
↑ "Includes data for Pakistani territories of Kashmir; Azad Kashmir (13,297 km2 or 5,134 sq mi) and Gilgit–Baltistan (72,520 km2 or 28,000 sq mi). Excluding these territories would produce an area...↑ James Minahan (23 December 2009). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems [2 Volumes]. ABC-CLIO. p. 141. ISBN 978-0-313-34497-8.↑ "The State Emblem". Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of Pakistan. Archived frae the original on 1 Julie 2007. Retrieved 18 December 2013. Archived 2007-07-01 at the Wayback Ma...↑ "National Symbols and Things of Pakistan". Government of Pakistan. Archived frae the original on 13 Apryle 2014. Retrieved 27 Mey 2014. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)↑ "SC orders immediate implementation of Urdu as official language". The Express Tribune. 7 September 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
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- Ethnic subgroups
Pakistanis are the nationals and citizens of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Ethnically and linguistically diverse, the majority of Pakistanis natively speak languages belonging to the Indo-Aryan and Iranian language families. According to the 2017 census, the estimated population of Pakistan was over 212,000,000 people, making it the fifth-most populous country on Earth. Located in South Asia, the country is also the source of a significantly large diaspora known as overseas Pakistanis, most
Having one of the fastest-growing populations in the world, Pakistan's people belong to various ethnic subgroups, with the overwhelming majority being speakers of the Indo-Iranian languages. Ethnically, Indo-Aryan peoples comprise the majority of the population in the eastern provinces of Pakistani Punjab and Sindh, while Iranian peoples comprise the majority in the western provinces of Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. In addition to its four provinces, Pakistan also administers two disputed
The existence of Pakistan as an Islamic state has led to the injection of Islam into most aspects of culture and everyday life, which has accordingly impacted the historical values and traditions of the Muslim-majority population. Marriages and other major events are significantly impacted by regional differences in culture, but generally follow Islamic jurisprudence where required. The national dress of Pakistan is known as the shalwar kameez, a unisex garment commonly worn throughout Central a
Urdu is the lingua franca of Pakistan, and while sharing official status with English, it is the preferred and dominant language used for inter-communication between different ethnic groups. Despite serving as the country's national language, Urdu is spoken as a second language by most Pakistanis, with nearly 93% of the population having a mother tongue other than Urdu. Numerous regional and provincial languages are spoken as first languages by Pakistan's various ethnolinguistic groups, with the
Pakistan officially endorses Islam as a state religion and utilizes Sharia in governance across the entire country to a large degree. The overwhelming majority of Pakistanis identify as Muslims, and the country has the second-largest population of Muslims in the world after Indonesia. Other minority religious faiths in Pakistan include Hinduism, Christianity, Ahmadiyya, Sikhism, the Baháʼí Faith, Zoroastrianism, Buddhism and Kalasha-mun. The Pakistani Hindu and Christian minority ...
The Pakistani diaspora maintains a significant presence in the Middle East, Europe, North America, and Australia. According to the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Pakistan has the seventh-largest diaspora in the world. According to the Ministry of Overseas Pakistanis and Human Resource Development of the Government of Pakistan, approximately 8.8 million Pakistanis live abroad, with the vast majority residing in the Arab Gulf states of the Middle East.
- 1,500,000 (2017 estimate)
- 2,600,000 (2017 estimate)
- 1,174,983 (2011 official British census)
- Political Divisions
Pakistan aik democratic country ha or yaha py Parliamentary system nafiz ul Aml ha jis system ma waeer e azam srbrah e hukmt or Sadar srbrah e mamlikt hota ha. Pakistan me 4 provinces,Territories or special administrative areas Govt FATA ,PATA, Shamali waziristan. Pakistan ka 27 divisions hain or 111 Districtshain. District ka under Tehsil and union council hain. Provinces: 1. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa(NWFP) 2. Punjab 3. Sindh 4. Balochistan Territories: 1. Islamabad Capital Territory 2. Federally Administered Tribal Areas Special Areas: 1. Northern Areas(FATA) 2. Raqbay ka lihaz sa Balochistan Pakistan ka sb sa bara soba(Province) ha or abadi ka lihaz sa Panjab sab sa bar soba (Province) ha.Pakistan ka log (People) Jaga (Places) apni apni jaga pa munfarid hain or puri dunyia main mashoorhain.
Geography ka lihaz sa pakistan ma Pahari,Mahdani or sharai elaqy shamil hain, Pahari silsaly m sakht patherily pahar be shamil ha. Pahari silsaly ma Dunyia ke 2sri bari Choti K2 pakistan ma ha. Pahari silsaly m ko-e-suliman be shamil ha, duniya ka 7van bra Ajooba shahray Qaraqrum Pakistan Main ha, ya shahra pakistn ka pahari silsaly s hoti hua china ko jati ha, Season (mohsam) ka lihaz sa Pakistan main 4 season aty ha Mohsam Garma, Mohsam sarma, Mohsam Bahar or Mohsam Khazan.Pakistan ka north main Kaghan Naran jalkhad Kashmir Gilgit wqia ha jin ma aksar barf bari sa dahkay rahty ha.1958 se 1973 talak koi bhi Prime Minister nai rahaa, Martial Law ke kaaran.5 July 1977 se 24 March 1985 talak fir se martial law ke kaaran koi P.M. nai rahaa..9 June 1988 se 17 August 1988 talak P.M. fir se koi nai rahaa12 October 1999, ke Pervez Musharraf, Nawaz Sharifke hatae ke apne se Chief Executive ban ais.
Pakistan me dher uncha uncha pahaarr hae jismr tourist log aae ke charrhe hae. K2 mountain, jon ki dunia me duusra sab se uuncha pahaarr hae bhi Pakistan me hae. Jab k Sindh me Mohan Jo Daro Umar kot , Rani kot , Makli hills or us pass qaberstan . swat , hunza, Gilgit Lahore bhot mashor jgha h tourist ke leye .
Pakistan ke 96.4% log Muslim hai. Pakistan me Isaaii, Hindu aur Animist log bhi hae. Fijime bhi 50 Pakistani rahe hai. Is kay ilawa wo bhi log hae jo india partition say pelay yahan aaya hae.
Urdu, Pakistan ke official Zuban hae lekin bahut kamti log ke mother tongue Urdu hae. Bahz log Hindko,Punjabi, Sindhi, Pushto or Balochi me baat kare hae. Punjabi, Punjab ke provincial bhasa, Pashto or Hindko NWFP (khaber pakhtoon khawa ke, Sindhi, Sindh aur Balochi, Balochistan ke provinicial Zubanain Hain. Niche ke suchi me Pakistan ke khaas Zubanain hae. 1. Punjabi (40%) 2. Sindhi (10%) 3. Pashto (7%) 4. Seraiki (7%) 5. Hindko (2.5% 6. Urdu (35%) 7. Balochi (1.5%) 8. Dusri Zubanain (rehne wala %) Duusra Zuban me hain Hindko Aer, Badeshi, Bagri, Balti, Bateri, Bhaya, Brahui, Burushaski, Chilisso, Dameli, Dehwari, Dhatki, Domaaki, Farsi (Dari), Gawar-Bati, Ghera, Goaria, Gowro, Gujarati, Gujari, Gurgula, Hazaragi, Jadgali, Jandavra, Kabutra, Kachchi (Kutchi), Kalami, Kalasha, Kalkoti, Kamviri, Kashmiri, Kati, Khetrani, Khowar, Indus Kohistani, Koli (three varieties), Lasi, Loarki, Marwari, Memoni, Od, Ormuri, Pahari-Potwari, Pakistan Sign Language, Palula (Phalura), Sansi, Savi, Sh...
Pakistan. / 33.667, 73.167. Rupee (Rs.) ( PKR) Ing Pakistan, opisyal a aus Islamic Republica ning Pakistan ( Urdu: اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاکستان ), metung yang sovereign a bangsa atiu king Mauling Asia at ning keragulang Kalibudtang Middle Aslagan. Atin yang 1,046 kilometerrung pampang keng dane ning Arabian Dayat MalatSea king ...
- Constitutional provisions
Muslims comprise a number of sects: the majority practise Sunni Islam, while a minority practise Shia Islam. Nearly all Pakistani Sunni Muslims belong to the Hanafi Islamic law school. The majority of Pakistani Shia Muslims belong to the Twelver Islamic law school, with significant minority groups who practise Ismailism, which is composed of Nizari, Mustaali, Dawoodi Bohra, Sulaymani, and others. Religious minorities in Pakistan often face significant discrimination, subject to issues such as vi
The Constitution of Pakistan establishes Islam as the state religion, and provides that all citizens have the right to profess, practice and propagate their religion subject to law, public order, and morality. The Constitution also states that all laws are to conform with the injunctions of Islam as laid down in the Quran and Sunnah.
There was a petition in Supreme Court of Pakistan in the year of 2015 by 17 judges to declare the nation as a "Secular state" officially. Muhammad Ali Jinnah wanted Pakistan to be a secular, democratic, and a liberal republic. Pakistan was secular from 1947-55 and after that, Pakistan adopted a constitution in 1956, becoming an Islamic republic with Islam as its state religion.
Islam is the state religion of Pakistan, and about 95-98% of Pakistanis are Muslim. Pakistan has the second largest number of Muslims in the world after Indonesia. The majority are Sunni, with an estimated 10-20% Shia. A PEW survey in 2012 found that 6% of Pakistani Muslims were Shia. There are a number of Islamic law schools called Madhab, which are called fiqh or 'Maktab-e-Fikr' in Urdu. Nearly all Pakistani Sunni Muslims belong to the Hanafi Islamic school of thought, while a small number bel
Hinduism is the second largest religion affiliation in Pakistan after Islam. As of 2020, Pakistan has the fourth largest hindu population in the world after India, Nepal and Bangladesh. According to the 1998 Census,the Hindu population was found to be 2,111,271. While according to latest census of 2017, There are 4.4 million Hindus in Pakistan out of 207.68 million total population comprising 2.14% of the country's population of both General and Schedule caste.Hindus are found in all provinces o
Il Pakistan, ufficialmente Repubblica Islamica del Pakistan, è uno Stato dell' Asia meridionale, il quinto Stato più popoloso nel mondo, con una popolazione superiore ai 224 milioni di persone ed è il 35º paese più esteso con 803 940 km².