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  1. Clementine Ogilvy Spencer Churchill, Baroness Spencer-Churchill, GBE ( née Hozier; 1 April 1885 – 12 December 1977) was the wife of Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, and a life peer in her own right.

    • Early Life and Family
    • Marriage to Winston Churchill
    • Wars and Between Wars
    • Widowhood and Later Years
    • Sources

    Officially, Clementine Churchill was the daughter of Sir Henry Hozier and his wife, Lady Blanche Hozier, who was a daughter of David Ogilvy, 10th Earl of Airlie. However, Lady Blanche was infamous for her many affairs. She reportedly claimed that Churchill’s real father was Capt. William George "Bay" Middleton, a horseman and equerry to Earl Spence...

    In 1904, Clementine and Winston Churchill first met at a ball held by mutual acquaintances, the Earl and Countess of Crewe. It would be another four years before their paths crossed again, when they were seated next to each other at a dinner party held by a distant cousin of Clementine’s. They developed a rapport very quickly and continued seeing e...

    During World War I, Clementine Churchill organized canteens for munitions workers, working with the Young Men's Christian Association of the North East Metropolitan Area of London. This assistance to the war effort earned her an appointment as a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 1918. In the 1930s, Churchill spent some time trav...

    In 1965, Winston Churchilldied at the age of 90, leaving Clementine as a widow after 56 years of marriage. That year, she was created a life peer, with the title Baroness Spencer-Churchill, of Chartwell in the County of Kent. She remained independent from major party affiliations, but ultimately, her declining health (particularly hearing loss) pre...

    Blakemore, Erin. “Meet the Woman Behind Winston Churchill.” History, 5 December 2017, https://www.history.com/news/meet-the-woman-behind-winston-churchill.
    Purnell, Sonia. First Lady: The Private Wars of Clementine Churchill. Aurum Press Limited, 2015.
    Soames, Mary. Clementine Churchill. Doubleday, 2002.
    • Assistant Editor
    • Clementine Churchill was bold. Most assume that Winston Churchill’s wife would have been a rather mousy, even subservient woman in awe of her illustrious husband.
    • She was far from the paradigm of an upper-class matron with a sense of entitlement. Both Clementine and Winston had suffered emotionally deprived childhoods, and their determination to weather together all that life threw at them was perhaps rooted in common feelings of insecurity.
    • Clementine harboured a life-long, latent hostility to the Conservative party – even when her husband was its leader. She took particular exception to those she deemed brash, vulgar Tories, and would ‘erupt’ at them if they spouted views of which she strongly disapproved.
    • Clementine was taller than Winston and considerably more athletic. She excelled at hunting, tennis and swimming. Her laugh – a full-throated cackle, said to be very infectious – was also much louder than his quiet chuckle.
  2. Clementine Churchill, or Baroness Spencer-Churchill, GBE, was a British noblewoman, humanitarian, life peer, and public figure, better known as the wife of Winston Churchill, prime minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. She had a disturbing childhood, which contributed to her strong personality.

    • Family Background
    • Early Years
    • Love Life
    • A Woman of Influence

    Clementine’s background is fascinating. Born to an aristocratic background, her father Henry Montague Hozier came from the landed gentry and her mother, Lady Blanche Ogilvy, who became Henry’s second wife, was the eldest daughter of the 10th Earl of Airlie. It wasn’t considered to be a great match by her family - but as she was wayward, and at the ...

    The early years of Clemmie’s life were spent mostly in the family’s home in Grosvenor Street in London, along with The Netherton, a small house in Scotland, near Cortachy. After the upheaval of her parents’ separation, Blanche was left financially badly off, largely dependent on her family for support, and there were bitter disputes over the arrang...

    Although she had been a shy and sensitive child, often in the shadow of her beautiful and outgoing older sister, Clementine blossomed during her teenage years and had no shortage of admirers in London. Her younger sister joked that they needed to keep a file to keep track of the proposals she had received: "Discussed", "Answered" and "Pending Decis...

    Throughout the years of her children’s early lives, and the tragic death of daughter Marigold aged just three, Clementine’s interest in public events and politics never wavered. During the First World War, she organised canteens for munitions workers on behalf of YMCA in London, which earned her the honour of being appointed a Commander of the Orde...

  3. Clementine Churchill (1885–1977) Clementine Churchill was born on April 1, 1885 in Mayfair, London, England. She was married to Winston Churchill. She died on December 12, 1977 in Knightsbridge, London. See full bio » Born: April 1, 1885 in Mayfair, London, England, UK Died: December 12, 1977 (age 92) in Knightsbridge, London, England, UK

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