Francis I "le Roi Chevalier" ( French: François Ier; Middle French: Francoys; 12 September 1494 – 31 March 1547) was King of France from 1515 until his death in 1547. He was the son of Charles, Count of Angoulême, and Louise of Savoy. He succeeded his first cousin once removed Louis XII, who died without a son.
Francis I, king of France (1515–47), the first of five monarchs of the Angoulême branch of the House of Valois. A Renaissance patron of the arts and scholarship, a humanist, and a knightly king, he waged campaigns in Italy (1515–16) and fought a series of wars with the Holy Roman Empire (1521–44).
May 12, 2020 · Francis I (French: François Ier) (12 September 1494 – 31 March 1547) was the first King of France from the Angoulême branch of the House of Valois, reigning from 1515 until his death. He was the son of Charles, Count of Angoulême, and Louise of Savoy. He succeeded his cousin and father-in-law Louis XII, who died without a male heir.
- September 12, 1494
Introduction. Francis I, king of France from 1515 to 1547, has not always been treated by posterity with the seriousness he deserves. The French historian Jules Michelet (b. 1798–d. 1874), who has exerted a long-standing influence on popular notions of the past among his countrymen, dismissed him as a “fine talker” who allowed himself to be ruled by women, principally his mother and sister.
Francis I was born on 12th September 1494 at Chateau de Cognac, Cognac, France. His father, Charles d'Orléans, was the Count of Angouleme and his mother was Louise of Savoy. In 1496, Charles de Valois-Orleans passed away leaving behind a 20-year old wife, the toddler Francis and his sister Marguerite. Louise of Savoy was an extraordinary woman ...
- Early Life and Accession
- Francis I in Films, Stage, and Literature
- Marriage and Issue
- Further Reading
Francis was born on 12 September 1494 at the Château de Cognac in the town of Cognac, which at that time laid in the province of Saintonge, a part of the Duchy of Aquitaine. Today the town lies in the department of Charente. Francis was the only son of Charles, Count of Angoulême, and Louise of Savoy and a great-great-grandson of King Charles V. His family was not expected to inherit the throne, as his third cousin King Charles VIII was still young at the time of his birth, as was his father's cousin the Duke of Orléans, later King Louis XII. However, Charles VIII died childless in 1498 and was succeeded by Louis XII, who had no male heir. The Salic Law prevailed in France, thus females were ineligible to inherit the throne. Therefore, the four-year-old Francis (who was already Count of Angoulême after the death of his own father two years prior) became the heir presumptive to the throne of France in 1498 and was vested with the title of Duke of Valois. In 1505, Louis XII, having fa...
As Francis was receiving his education, ideas emerging from the Italian Renaissance were influential in France. Some of his tutors, such as François Desmoulins de Rochefort (his Latin instructor, who later during the reign of Francis was named Grand Aumônier de France) and Christophe de Longueil (a Brabantian humanist), were attracted by these new ways of thinking and attempted to influence Francis. His academic education had been in arithmetic, geography, grammar, history, reading, spelling, and writing and he became proficient in Hebrew, Italian, Latin, and Spanish. Francis came to learn chivalry, dancing, and music and he loved archery, falconry, horseback riding, hunting, jousting, real tennis, and wrestling. He ended up reading philosophy and theology and he was fascinated with art, literature, poetry, and science. His mother, who had a high admiration for Italian Renaissance art, passed this interest on to her son. Although Francis did not receive a humanist education, he was...
The amorous exploits of Francis inspired the 1832 play by Fanny Kemble, Francis the First, and the 1832 play by Victor Hugo, Le Roi s'amuse ("The King's Amusement"), which featured the jester Triboulet, the inspiration for the opera Rigoletto by Giuseppe Verdi. Francis was first played in a George Méliès movie by an unknown actor in 1907, and has also been played by Claude Garry (1910), Aimé Simon-Girard (1937), Sacha Guitry (1937), Gérard Oury (1953), Jean Marais (1955), Pedro Armendáriz (1956), Claude Titre (1962), Bernard Pierre Donnadieu (1990), and Timothy West(1998). Francis was portrayed by Peter Gilmore in the comedy film "Carry on Henry" charting the fictitious two extra wives of Henry VIII (including Marie cousin of King Francis). Francis receives a mention in a minor story in Laurence Sterne's novel Tristram Shandy. The narrator claims that the king, wishing to win the favour of Switzerland, offers to make the country the godmother of his son. When, however, their choice...
On 18 May 1514, Francis married his second cousin Claude, the daughter of King Louis XII of France and Duchess Anne of Brittany. The couple had seven children: 1. Louise (19 August 1515 – 21 September 1517) - died young, engaged to Charles I of Spainalmost from birth until death. 2. Charlotte (23 October 1516 – 8 September 1524) - died young, engaged to Charles I of Spainfrom 1518 until death. 3. Francis(28 February 1518 – 10 August 1536), who succeeded Claude as Duke of Brittany, but died unmarried and childless. 4. Henry (31 March 1519 – 10 July 1559), who succeeded Francis I as King of France and married Catherine de' Medici, by whom he had issue. 5. Madeleine (10 August 1520 – 2 July 1537), who married James V of Scotlandand had no issue. 6. Charles(22 January 1522 – 9 September 1545), who died unmarried and childless. 7. Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry (5 June 1523 – 14 September 1574), who married Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy, in 1559 and had issue. On 7 July 1530, F...Clough, C.H., "Francis I and the Courtiers of Castiglione’s Courtier." European Studies Review.vol viii, 1978.Denieul-Cormier, Anne. The Renaissance in France.trans. Anne and Christopher Fremantle. London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd., 1969.Grant, A.J. The French Monarchy, Volume I.New York: Howard Fertig, 1970.Guy, John. Tudor England.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.
Francis I (French: François Premier and François d'Angoulême) (12 September 1494 31 March 1547), was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until 1547. Francis I is considered to be France's first Renaissance monarch. His reign saw France make immense cultural advances.
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Louise of Savoy Mother of King Francis I of France (1476-1531) Louise of Savoy (September 11, 1476 – September 22, 1531) was a French noble and regent, Duchess suo jure of Auvergne and Bourbon, Duchess of Nemours, and the mother of King François I of France.
Mar 03, 1997 · In life Francis I, 'Most Christian King' of a France that only sixty years before his accession had finally expelled English occupiers from the realm (and had still to tolerate Calais as an English enclave until 1559), was frequently compared to and set as a rival against, his Tudor counterpart, Henry VIII.