Gottlieb Wilhelm Daimler was the son of a baker named Johannes Däumler (Daimler) and his wife Frederika, from the town of Schorndorf near Stuttgart, Württemberg.By the age of 13 (1847), he had completed six years of primary studies in Lateinschule and became interested in engineering.
Gottlieb Daimler was born in Schorndorf on March 17, 1834. In addition to the Latin School he attended technical drawing classes on Sundays. In 1848 Gottlieb Daimler began an apprenticeship as a gunmaker in Schorndorf, presumably with Master Wilke.
- Experimental Workshop in Cannstatt
- The "Grandfather Clock" and The Riding Car
- The Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft
- The Last Years
Differences with the management led to a parting of ways in mid-1882. Daimler moved to Cannstatt and set up an experimental workshop in the garden of his villa. By the end of 1883, he had developed a small high-speed internal combustion engine with an uncontrolled hot-tube ignition to the patentability stage.
The next test engine, called the “grandfather clock” because of its appearance, resulted in 1884 in the ultimate breakthrough, and found use in various stages of development in the so-called Reitwagen (Riding Car), in the Daimler motor carriage and in several boats. In June 1887, the young company occupied new premises on the Seelberg in Cannstatt.
In 1890, with the participation of financially strong supporters Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft was established. Daimler’s closest associate Wilhelm Maybach already left the company on 11 February 1891. Daimler himself was squeezed out of DMG by the new partners in 1893, but returned in 1895 together with Maybach. The return of Daimler and Maybach caused an unprecedented upturn of business at DMG.
Gottlieb Daimler had been suffering from a heart condition since the end of the 1880s. In the winter of 1892/93, he fell ill again and was sent to Florence in the spring for a cure. There, he met Lina Hartmann, née Schwend, his second wife. His first wife, Emma, had died on 28 July 1889. The marriage took place on 8 July 1893 in Schwäbisch Hall. The honeymoon trip took the couple to Chicago, and Daimler took advantage of this to visit the world exposition there. Daimler had seven years left until his death on March 6, 1900. He was laid to rest in the Uff-Kirchhof cemetery in Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt.
- The Otto Four-Stroke Engine
- Daimler Motors: Small, High Speed Engines
- The Grandfather Clock Engine
- First Daimler-Maybach Automobile
- Gottlieb Daimler's "Pact with The Devil" and The Phoenix Engine
- External Links
In 1872 (at age thirty-eight), Gottlieb Daimler and Maybach moved to work at the world's largest manufacturer of stationary engines of the time, the Deutz-AG-Gasmotorenfabrik in Cologne. It was half-owned by Nikolaus August Otto, who was looking for a new technical director. As directors, both Daimler and Otto focused on gas-engine development while Maybach was chief designer. In 1876, Otto invented the Four-stroke cycle, also known as the Otto Cycle, a system characterized by four piston strokes (intake, compression, power, and exhaust). Otto intended that his invention would replace the steam engines predominant in those years, even though his engine was still primitive and inefficient. Otto's engine was patented in 1877, but the patent was soon challenged and overturned. Unknown to Otto, Daimler, and Maybach, in Mannheim, during 1878, Karl Benzwas concentrating all his efforts on creating a reliable two-stroke gas engine based on the same principle. Benz finished his engine on De...
After leaving Deutz-AG, Daimler and Maybach began to work together. In 1882, they moved back to Stuttgart in Southern Germany, purchasing a cottage in Cannstatt's Taubenheimstrasse, with 75,000 Gold marks from the compensation from Deutz-AG. In the garden, they added a brick extension to the roomy glass-fronted summerhouse and this became their workshop. Eventually, their activities alarmed the neighbors, who called the police and reported them as suspected counterfeiters. The police obtained a key from their gardener and raided the house in their absence, but found only engines. In 1890, Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft (Daimler Engines Company) or DMG, was founded with Maybach as chief designer. Its purpose was the construction of small, high speed engines for use on land, water, and air transport. The three uses is the basis for the modern Mercedes-Benz logo of a three-pointed star. Daimler and Maybach spent long hours debating how best to fuel Otto's Four-Stroke design, and turned t...
In late 1885, Daimler and Maybach developed the first of their engines, which is often considered the precursor of all modern petrol engines. It featured: 1. a single horizontal cylinder 2. air cooling 3. large cast iron flywheel 4. hot tube ignition system 5. cam operated exhaust valves, allowing high speed operation 6. 600 rpm running speed, beating previous engines which typically ran at about 120 to 180 rpm In 1885, they created a carburetor, which mixed gasolinewith air, allowing its use as fuel. In the same year, Daimler and Maybach assembled a larger version of their engine, still relatively compact, but now with a vertical cylinder of 100 cm² displacement and an output of 1 hp at 600 rpm (patent DRP-28-022: "non-cooled, heat insulated engine with unregulated hot-tube ignition"). It was baptized the Grandfather Clock (Standuhr), because Daimler thought that it resembled an old pendulum clock. This is probably the same internal-combustion engine referred to by American author...
Engine sales increased, mostly for boat use, and in June 1887, Daimler bought another property at Seelberg hill, Cannstatt. It was located some distance from the town, on Ludwigstraße 67 because Cannstatt's mayor did not approve of the workshop, which cost 30,200 gold marks. The new premises had room for twenty-three employees and Daimler managed the commercial issues while Maybach ran the Design Department. In 1889, Daimler and Maybach built their first automobilethat did not involve adapting a horse drawn carriage with their engine, but was somewhat influenced by bicycle designs. There was no production in Germany, but it was licensed to be built in France and presented to the public in Paris in October 1889, by both inventors. The same year, Daimler's wife, Emma Kunz, died.
Daimler and Maybach were struggling financially with the company. They were not selling enough engines or making enough money from their patents. Two financiers and munitions makers, Max Von Duttenhofer and William Lorenz, along with the influential banker Kilian Steiner agreed to inject some capital and converted the company on November 28, 1890, into a public corporation named the Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft, DMG. Many German historians consider that this was Daimler's "pact with the devil," because it resulted in his loss of control over the company. . DMG expanded, but it changed. The newcomers, not believing in automobile production, ordered the creation of additional stationary building capacity, and also considered merging DMG with Otto's Deutz-AG. Daimler and Maybach preferred plans to produce automobiles and reacted against Duttenhofer and Lorenz. Maybach was denied a seat on the Board and on February 11, 1891, left the company. He continued his design work as a freelance...
While Daimler did not invent the automobile, he did much to help make it commercially viable. He can, however, be credited with launching the automotive industry, alongside Karl Benz. Gurney Goldsworthy had tried and failed in this task. Daimler's most significant and enduring contribution lay in his insistence on precision and on maintaining standards. He "instituted a system of inspections" to ensure quality of production. . The company he co-founded continues to produce cars of a high technical standard. The internal combustion engine which he helped to develop has had its negative aspects in terms of its impact on the environment. However, it has also revolutionized travel and communications and has helped to make people around the globe more aware of their common humanity and co-responsibility.Bird, Anthony and Gottlieb Daimler. Gottlieb Daimler, Inventor of the Motor Engine. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1962.Dineen, Jacqueline and Gary Rees. Twenty Inventors. Twenty names. New York: M. Cavendish, 1988. ISBN 9780863079696Norbye, Jan P. "Daimler, Gottlieb Wilhelm (1834-1900)" in An Historical Who's Who of the Automotive Industry in Europe. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co, 2006. ISBN 9780786412839Wymer, Norman. Gottlieb Daimler. Lives of Great Men & Women.Oxford University Press, 1957.
All links retrieved June 27, 2017. 1. Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz-Foundation 2. Mercedes Benz USA
Gottlieb Daimler, German mechanical engineer who was a major figure in the early history of the automotive industry. Daimler studied engineering at the Stuttgart polytechnic institute and then worked in various German engineering firms, gaining experience with engines.
Gottlieb Daimler was an engineer, industrial designer, industrialist, pioneer of the modern internal combustion engine and a workaholic before the term was invented. A persistent perfectionist, he drove himself and his co-workers mercilessly. Daimler was a cosmopolitan man, instrumental in founding auto industries in Germany, France and England.
Mar 18, 2019 · Gottlieb Daimler's connection to Nicolaus Otto was a direct one; Daimler worked as technical director of Deutz Gasmotorenfabrik, which Nicolaus Otto co-owned in 1872. There is some controversy as to who built the first motorcycle, Nicolaus Otto or Gottlieb Daimler.
- Mary Bellis
- Inventions Expert