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  1. History of Jerusalem - Wikipedia › wiki › History_of_Jerusalem

    Apr 06, 2021 · During its long history, Jerusalem has been attacked 52 times, captured and recaptured 44 times, besieged 23 times, and destroyed twice. The oldest part of the city was settled in the 4th millennium BCE, making Jerusalem one of the oldest cities in the world.

  2. Jerusalem - Wikipedia › wiki › Kudüs

    Jerusalem (/ dʒ ə ˈ r uː s əl ə m /; Hebrew: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם ‎ Yerushaláyim; Arabic: القُدس ‎ al-Quds or Bayt al-Maqdis, also spelled Baitul Muqaddas) is a city in Western Asia, on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.

  3. Jerusalem – Wikipedia › wiki › Jerusalem

    Apr 06, 2021 · Jerusalem (hebräisch ירושלים? / i Jeruschalajim [jeʁuʃa'lajim]; arabisch أورشليم القدس, DMG Ūršalīm al-Quds ‚Jerusalem das Heiligtum‘, bekannter unter der Kurzform القدس, DMG al-Quds ‚das Heiligtum‘; altgriechisch Ἱεροσόλυμα Hierosólyma [n. pl.], oder Ἰερουσαλήμ Ierousalḗm [f., indecl.]; lateinisch Hierosolyma [n. pl. oder f. sg ...

    • .mw-parser-output .Hebr{font-size:115%}ירושלים
    • 125,2 km²
  4. Demographic history of Jerusalem - Wikipedia › wiki › Demographic_history_of

    2 days ago · As of 24 May 2006, Jerusalem's population was 724,000 (about 10% of the total population of Israel), of which 65.0% were Jews (c. 40% of whom live in East Jerusalem), 32.0% Muslim (almost all of whom live in East Jerusalem) and 2% Christian. 35% of the city's population were children under age of 15. In 2005, the city had 18,600 newborns.

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  6. Jérusalem — Wikipédia › wiki › Jérusalem

    Apr 06, 2021 · Jérusalem prononcé en français : /ʒe.ʁɛm/ (ou Salem, également nommée Hiérosolyme ou Solyme en ancien français ; יְרוּשָׁלַיִם Yerushaláyim en hébreu [dénomination israélienne officielle] ; arabe : القدس al Quds ou اورشليم Ûrshalîm [dénomination israélienne officielle en arabe]) est une ville du Proche-Orient, qui tient une place centrale dans ...

    • יְרוּשָׁלַיִם (Yerushalayim)
    • Moshe Lion, depuis 2018
  7. Jerusalem in Christianity - Wikipedia › wiki › Jerusalem_in_Christianity
    • Overview
    • New Testament
    • Early Christianity
    • Medieval traditions
    • Early modern and modern
    • Jerusalem as an allegory for the Church

    Jerusalem's role in first-century Christianity, during the ministry of Jesus and the Apostolic Age, as recorded in the New Testament, gives it great importance.

    According to the New Testament, Jerusalem was the city to which Jesus was brought as a child, to be presented at the Temple and to attend festivals. According to the canonical gospels, Jesus preached and healed in Jerusalem, especially in the Temple Courts. The events of Pentecost in the New Testament Book of Acts also took place at this location. There is also an account of Jesus' cleansing of the Temple at the Temple Court, chasing various traders out of the sacred precincts. At the end of eac

    The exclusion of Jews from the new city of Aelia Capitolina meant that gentile bishops were appointed under the authority of the Metropolitans of Caesarea and, ultimately, the Patriarchs of Antioch. The general significance of Jerusalem to Christians outside the Holy Land entered a period of decline during the Persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire but resumed again c.325 when Emperor Constantine I and his mother, Helena, endowed Jerusalem with churches and shrines, making it the foremost

    In 638, Sophronius, Patriarch of Jerusalem, handed over the keys of the city to Caliph Umar's Muslim forces. The Muslim authorities in Jerusalem were not kind to their Christian subjects, forcing them to live a life of "discrimination, servitude and humiliation".

    The mistreatment of Christians would only worsen as the armies of the First Crusade approached Jerusalem. Fearing that the Eastern Christians had been conspiring with approaching crusaders, the Muslim authorities of Jerusalem massacred much of the city's Christian population, see

    From the 17th to the 19th century, various Catholic European nations petitioned the Ottoman Empire for Catholic control of the 'holy places'. The Franciscans are the traditional Catholic custodians of the holy places. Control swung back and forth between the western and eastern churches throughout this period. Sultan Abd-ul-Mejid I, perhaps out of despair, published a firman that laid out in detail the exact rights and responsibility of each community at the Holy Sepulchre. This document became

    In Christianity, Jerusalem is sometimes interpreted as an allegory or type for the Church of Christ. There is a vast apocalyptic tradition that focuses on the heavenly Jerusalem instead of the literal and historical city of Jerusalem. This view is notably advocated in Augustine's City of God, a popular 5th-century Christian book that was written during the fall of the Western Roman Empire.

  8. Temple in Jerusalem - Wikipedia › wiki › Temple_in_Jerusalem
    • Overview
    • Etymology
    • First Temple
    • Second Temple
    • Archaeological evidence
    • Location

    The Temple in Jerusalem was any of a series of structures which were located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem, the current site of the Dome of the Rock and Al-Aqsa Mosque. These successive temples stood at this location and functioned as a site of ancient Israelite and later Jewish worship. It is also called the Holy Temple.

    The Hebrew name given in the Hebrew Bible for the building complex is either Mikdash, as used in Exodus 25:8, or simply Bayt / Beit Adonai, as used in 1 Chronicles 22:11.

    The Hebrew Bible says that the First Temple was built by King Solomon, completed in 957 BCE. According to the Book of Deuteronomy, as the sole place of Israelite korban, the Temple replaced the Tabernacle constructed in the Sinai under the auspices of Moses, as well as local sanctuaries, and altars in the hills. This Temple was sacked a few decades later by Shoshenq I, Pharaoh of Egypt. Although efforts were made at partial reconstruction, it was only in 835 BCE when Jehoash, King of Judah, in t

    According to the Book of Ezra, construction of the Second Temple was called for by Cyrus the Great and began in 538 BCE, after the fall of the Neo-Babylonian Empire the year before. According to some 19th-century calculations, work started later, in April 536 BCE, and was completed in 515 BCE—February 21–21 years after the start of the construction. This date is obtained by coordinating Ezra 3:8–10 with historical sources. The accuracy of these dates is contested by some modern ...

    Archaeological excavations have found remnants of both the First Temple and Second Temple. Among the artifacts of the First Temple are dozens of ritual immersion or baptismal pools in this area surrounding the Temple Mount, as well as a large square platform identified by architectural archaeologist Leen Ritmeyer as likely being built by King Hezekiah c. 700 BCE as a gathering area in front of the Temple. Possible Second Temple artifacts include the Trumpeting Place inscription and the Temple Wa

    There are three main theories as to where the Temple stood: where the Dome of the Rock is now located, to the north of the Dome of the Rock, or to the east of the Dome of the Rock. The exact location of the Temple is a contentious issue, as questioning the exact placement of the Temple is often associated with Temple denial. Since the Holy of Holies lay at the center of the complex as a whole, the Temple's location is dependent on the location of the Holy of Holies. The location of the Holy of H

  9. Jerusalem – Wikipedia › wiki › Jerusalem

    4 days ago · Jerusalem har ca. 880 000 innbyggere (2016) og har stor historisk og religiøs betydning innenfor religionene jødedom, kristendom og islam. Fra 1949 til 1967 var byen delt. Vest-Jerusalem var en del av Israel, og Øst-Jerusalem ble styrt av Jordan.

  10. Jerusalema - Wikipedia › wiki › Jerusalema
    • Overview
    • Background
    • Composition
    • Critical reception
    • Impact
    • Music video

    "Jerusalema" is a song by South African DJ and record producer Master KG featuring South African vocalist Nomcebo. The upbeat gospel-influenced house song was initially released on 29 November 2019 after it garnered positive response online, with a music video following on 21 December. It was later included on Master KG's second album of the same title, released in January 2020. A single edit was released on streaming services on 10 July 2020, after it went viral during mid-2020, garnering inter

    The song was recorded on 11 August 2019, and after being posted on social media, it received positive responses from fans. Master KG said he called "his sister Nomcebo to come so we can finish the song". The finished version was then uploaded to YouTube in October and officially released on 29 November. It surpassed one million views in its first week. The official music video was released on 21 December 2019. After it went viral, the song was released to streaming services on 10 July by Elektra

    Although it has "religious-leaning" lyrics, "Jerusalema" is an upbeat disco-house track containing "deep", "spiritual", gospel lyrics. Lyrically, as noted by OkayAfrica's Rufaro Samanga, "it speaks about Jerusalem being the home of many religious believers". The remix sees Burna Boy incorporating his signature Afrobeats style, singing part of his verse in isiZulu, while emphasizing the unity of African artists.

    The song received largely positive reviews from music critics. Zkhiphani's Mandisa Ntsindee opined that the song "has reached heights no other South African song has ever in the past", calling Nomcebo a "powerhouse vocalist" and said "the South African music scene has been preparing for this exact kind of exposure with a song that is fiercely ours". Music in Africa named it "without doubt" one of the biggest South African house songs of 2020, with the magazine's Ano Shumba stating "Nomcebo has c

    Master KG's Spotify followers increased to over 1.2 million following the rising popularity of the song. Various covers performed around the world with different instruments and sung in a variety of languages have also been uploaded on YouTube, attracting their own popularity.

    The song's official music video was released onto YouTube on 21 December 2019. By 27 August the video had passed 100 million views, half a year later it passed already 300 million views, a rare feat for South African artists.

    • 29 November 2019
    • Zulu
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