John II (French: Jean II; 26 April 1319 – 8 April 1364), called John the Good (French: Jean le Bon), was King of France from 1350 until his death in 1364. When he came to power, France faced several disasters: the Black Death, which killed nearly 40% of its population; popular revolts known as Jacqueries; free companies (Grandes Compagnies) of routiers who plundered the country; and English ...
Philip II (21 August 1165 – 14 July 1223), byname Philip Augustus (French: Philippe Auguste), was King of France from 1180 to 1223. His predecessors had been known as kings of the Franks , but from 1190 onward, Philip became the first French monarch to style himself "King of France" ( Latin : rex Francie ).
Early life. John was born in Dijon on 28 May 1371 to Duke Philip the Bold of Burgundy and Countess Margaret III of Flanders.On the death of his maternal grandfather Count Louis II of Flanders in 1384, he received the County of Nevers.
Furthermore, John had to secure the peace of the duchy during an unstable period culminating in King Henry V of England's invasion of France. Early career [ edit ] He became duke at the age of ten, and began his reign under the tutelage of Duke of Burgundy, Philip the Bold , who was ravaging nearby Jersey and Guernsey.
John II became Count of Holland in 1299 upon the death of his cousin John I. The personal union he established between Hainaut and Holland–Zeeland lasted for another half-century. John I's father, Floris V, had been fighting against Flanders for Zeeland. He sought help of France against Flanders.
Henry II (French: Henri II; 31 March 1519 – 10 July 1559) was King of France from 31 March 1547 until his death in 1559. The second son of Francis I and Duchess Claude of Brittany, he became Dauphin of France upon the death of his elder brother Francis in 1536.
John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester (1 April 1647 – 26 July 1680) was an English poet and courtier of King Charles II's Restoration court. The Restoration reacted against the "spiritual authoritarianism" of the Puritan era.