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  1. Philip III (1 May 1245 – 5 October 1285), called the Bold ( French: le Hardi ), was king of France from 1270 until his death in 1285. His father, Louis IX, died in Tunis during the Eighth Crusade. Philip, who was accompanying him, returned to France and was anointed king at Reims in 1271.

    • Overview
    • Biography
    • Review from Dante

    Philippe III redirects here. It can also refer to Philippe III de Croÿ and Philippe III, Duke of Orléans.

    Early life[] Philip was born in Poissy to King Saint Louis IX of France and Margaret of Provence, queen consort of France. As a younger son, Philip was not expected to rule a kingdom. At the death of his elder brother Louis in 1260, he became the heir to the throne. He was then 15 years old and has less skill than his brother, being of a gentle character, submissive, timid and versatile, almost crushed by the strong personalities of his parents. His mother Margaret made him promise to remain und...

    In Divine Comedy, Dante envisions the spirit of Philip outside the gates of Purgatory with a number of other contemporary European rulers. Dante does not name Philip directly, but refers to him as "the small-nosed" and "the father of the Pest of France," a reference to king Philip IV of France.

  2. Philip III, byname Philip the Bold, French Philippe le Hardi, (born April 3, 1245, Poissy, Fr.—died Oct. 5, 1285, Perpignan), king of France (1270–85), in whose reign the power of the monarchy was enlarged and the royal domain extended, though his foreign policy and military ventures were largely unsuccessful. Philip, the second son of Louis IX of France (Saint Louis), became heir to the throne on the death of his elder brother Louis (1260).

  3. Sep 29, 2020 · Philip III of France,called the Bold (French: Philippe III le Hardi) (30 April 1245 – 5 October 1285), reigned as King of France from 1270 to 1285. A member of the House of Capet, he was born in Poissy, the son of Louis IX of France and of Marguerite of Provence.

    • "el Atrevido"
    • Poissy, Yvelines, Île-de-France, France
    • May 01, 1245
    • Saint Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, France
    • King of France
    • Final Year
    • Conclusion
    • Sources

    Philip III’s accession began on a sad note. Shortly after his father’s death, the king’s wife, Isabella, died after falling from her horse. Devastated by these losses, Philip retreated into governing. During his reign, the king retained many of Louis IX’s advisors. By doing this, the king hoped to continue his father’s successful administration. In 1276, Philip experienced another loss after his heir, Prince Louis, died.

    After his second failed military campaign, Philip III and his remaining men traveled back to France. As he traveled, the king began to suffer from a fever. Unable to recover, Philip would succumb to it on October 5, 1285. Upon his death, Prince Philip succeeded his father as King Philip IV.

    Philip III’s reign followed one of the most successful in France’s history: Louis IX. Despite being overshadowed by his father, Philip succeeded in his own right. Over fifteen years, the king expanded the monarchy’s territory and increased Capetian power. These advancements would prove invaluable to his descendants. Although he failed militarily, the king left behind a secure and powerful France to Philip IV.

    Bradbury, J. (2010). The Capetians: Kings of France, 987-1328. London: Hambledon Continuum. Dougherty, M. J. (2018). Crusaders, Persecutors and Religious Reformers. In Kings & Queens of the Medieval World: From Conquerors and Exiles to Madmen and Saints (pp. 76-78). London: Amber Books. Philip III. (n.d.). Retrieved January 19, 2021, from

  4. Philip III "the Bold" of France (30 April 1245-5 October 1285) was King of France from 25 August 1270 to 5 October 1285, succeeding Louis IX of France and preceding Philip IV of France. He is best-known for leading the Aragonese Crusade against Pere III of Aragon in a failed attempt to enforce his son Charles of Valois ' claim on the throne of Aragon .

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