Charles IV (18/19 June 1294 – 1 February 1328), called the Fair (le Bel) in France and the Bald (el Calvo) in Navarre, was last king of the direct line of the House of Capet, King of France and King of Navarre (as Charles I) from 1322 to 1328.
- Personality and marriage
By virtue of the birthright of his mother, Joan I of...
- Domestic policy
Charles came to power following a troublesome two years in...
- Foreign policy
Charles inherited a long-running period of tension between...
- Death and legacy
Charles IV died in 1328 at the Château de Vincennes,...
- Family and succession
Charles married three times and fathered seven legitimate...
- Philip VI
Philip VI (French: Philippe; 17 November 1293 – 22 August...
Blanche of France (1 April 1328 – 8 February 1393) was the...
- Marie of Luxembourg
Marie of Luxembourg (1304 – 26 March 1324) was Queen of...
- Personality and marriage
From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Charles IV (18/19 June 1294 – 1 February 1328), was the King of France and Navarre (as Charles I) and Count of Champagne from 1322 to his death. Charles IV the last French king of the old Capetian line. He was crowned King of France in 1322 at the cathedral in Reims .
- Jeunesse et Premier Mariage
- La Crise de Succession de 1316
- Politique extérieure
- Mort et Succession
- Dans La Fiction
- Voir aussi
Charles naît le 18 juin 1294 au château de Creil,. Cinquième enfant et troisième fils du roi de France et de Navarre Philippe IV le Bel et de la reine Jeanne de Navarre, Charles n'est pas destiné à régner. Très peu de choses sont connues sur son enfance, qu'il passe surtout au palais de la Cité. En 1307, Philippe le Bel rachète le comté de Bigorre, qu'il offre peu après en apanageà Charles. Le 2 février 1308 à Corbeil, Charles épouse Blanche de Bourgogne, fille d'Othon IV de Bourgogne et de Mahaut d'Artois. En 1310, Blanche est déclarée nubile et ils sont autorisés à vivre ensemble en un appartement de la tour de Nesle. Blanche est condamnée pour adultère au début de l'année 1314 avec sa belle-sœur Marguerite de Bourgogne, dans ce que l'on a appelé l'« affaire de la tour de Nesle ». Blanche étant enfermée dans la forteresse de Château-Gaillard, le mariage n'est pas rompu et Charles ne peut se remarier. Sous le règne de son père, du fait de son jeune âge, Charles joue un...
Charles de France, comte de la Marche, ne joue aucun rôle notable sous le court règne de son frère aîné Louis X le Hutin. Mais la mort de ce dernier le 5 juin 1316 lui permet d'intervenir dans la crise de succession qui s'annonce. En effet, la France se retrouve à cette date sans monarque, la reine veuve Clémence de Hongrie étant enceinte d'un enfant posthume du feu roi. Dans le cas où naîtrait une fille, de nombreux barons du royaume, et en particulier le duc Eudes IV de Bourgogne, souhaiteraient voir accéder au trône la petite Jeanne de Navarre, fille aînée de Louis X mais, soupçonnée de bâtardise après l'affaire de la tour de Nesle, elle est sans droits. À l'été 1316, la question la plus urgente à régler est celle de la régence du royaume. Philippe, comte de Poitiers, frère de Louis X et de Charles, la réclame en tant que plus proche parent du feu roi. Ceci n'est pas sans contrarier Charles de Valois, frère cadet de Philippe le Bel qui, en plus d'être le doyen de la famille royal...
Le comte de la Marche monte sur le trône sous le nom de Charles IV à la mort de son frère Philippe V le Long le 3 janvier 1322. Cette fois-ci, il ne tient aucun compte d'éventuels droits de ses nièces, Jeanne de Navarre et les filles de Philippe V. Contrairement à ce qui s'était passé en 1316, cette prise du pouvoir s'effectue sans aucune contestation. Charles IV est sacré à Reims le 21 février 1322 par l'archevêque Robert de Courtenay. En tant qu'héritier de sa mère Jeanne de Navarre, il ajoute au titre de roi de France celui de roi de Navarre. On sait très peu de choses sur la personnalité de Charles le Bel. Les chroniqueurs ont jugé sévèrement ce roi qui « régna grand temps sans rien faire » et qui « tenait plus du philosophe que du roi ». Charles le Bel semble toutefois avoir été soucieux de faire respecter la justice, comme le prouve sa fermeté dans l'affaire Jourdain de l'Isle[N 1]. En 1324, le roi effectue un long voyage en Languedoc, ce qui le rend populaire auprès du peuple...
Conflit avec l'Angleterre
Les relations de Charles IV avec l'Angleterre sont d'abord cordiales. Le roi envoie en effet outre-Manche une ambassade au roi Édouard II, afin de conclure un mariage entre Marie, une des filles de Charles de Valois, et le prince Édouard, futur Édouard III. Les ambassadeurs français acceptent même de participer à une guerre contre l'Écosse, au cours de laquelle ils sont d'ailleurs fait prisonniers. Néanmoins, la Gascogne reste le point sensible des relations entre les deux royaumes. Édouard I...
Révolte des Flandres
À son accession au trône, Charles doit affronter de nouveaux problèmes en Flandre. Le comte de Flandre Louis Ier règne sur un « État immensément riche » qui mène depuis plusieurs décennies un développement autonome à la limite du royaume de France. Le roi est en théorie considéré comme le suzerain de la Flandre, mais sous les prédécesseurs de Charles, les relations franco-flamandes deviennent tendues. Philippe V avait évité une solution militaire au problème de Flandre, s'arrangeant pour que...
La question du Saint-Empire
Lorsque Charles le Bel arrive au pouvoir, deux princes revendiquent le titre d'empereur romain germanique : Louis de Bavière, élu mais non reconnu par le pape Jean XXII, et Frédéric le Bel, duc d'Autriche. En 1322, Louis de Bavière bat et capture son rival à la bataille de Mühldorf. Cependant, Jean XXII refuse toujours de le reconnaître comme empereur. Le conflit entre Louis et le souverain pontife ne cesse de s'envenimer jusqu'à l'excommunication de Louis prononcée en 1324, point de départ d...
Malade, Charles IV est alité à partir du 25 décembre 1327. Selon le chroniqueur Jean Lebel – mais il est le seul à rapporter ce fait – le roi mourant aurait souhaité que le comte Philippe de Valois devînt régent si la reine Jeanne, alors enceinte, donnait naissance à un fils. Si une fille venait à naître, alors Philippe de Valois pourrait monter directement sur le trône. Mais la volonté du roi ne semble pas avoir été suivie immédiatement d'effet, puisque la question de sa succession n'est tranchée qu'après sa mort[N 3]. Charles IV meurt finalement le 1er février 1328 et ses entrailles sont déposées à l'abbaye de Maubuisson. Le 1er avril 1328, la reine Jeanne d'Évreux donne naissance à une fille, Blanche. En l'absence de descendant mâle survivant, se pose la question de savoir qui va alors régner. Avant sa redécouverte en 1358, on ignorait qu'il y eût une Loi salique ; tous les rois avaient eu des fils, et du fait de la primogéniture masculine positionnant un frère cadet avant sa sœu...
Charles IV est un personnage de la suite romanesque Les Rois maudits de Maurice Druon. Il est interprété par Gilles Béhat dans l'adaptation télévisée de 1972 et Aymeric Demarigny dans celle de 2005,.
1. Gaëlle Audéon (préf. Éliane Viennot), Philippe le Bel et l'Affaire des brus, 1314, Paris, L'Harmattan, « Collection Historiques, série Travaux », 2020 (ISBN 978-2-343-20371-3) 2. Marie-Nicolas Bouillet et Alexis Chassang (dir.), « Charles IV le Bel » dans Dictionnaire universel d’histoire et de géographie, 1878 (lire sur Wikisource) 3. Christelle Balouzat-Loubet, Louis X, Philippe V, Charles IV : les derniers Capétiens, Paris, Passés composés, 2019, 207 p. (ISBN 978-2-37933-161-9, OCLC 112...
1. Gisants de Charles IV le Bel et de Jeanne d'Évreux[archive]au musée du Louvre. 2. Notices d'autorité : 2.1. Fichier d’autorité international virtuel 2.2. International Standard Name Identifier 2.3. Bibliothèque nationale de France (données) 2.4. Bibliothèque du Congrès 2.5. Gemeinsame Normdatei 2.6. Bibliothèque royale des Pays-Bas 2.7. Bibliothèque nationale de Catalogne 2.8. WorldCat Id 2.9. WorldCat 3. Notices dans des dictionnaires ou encyclopédies généralistes : Deutsche Biographie[ar...
Charles VII of France (1403–1461), called "the Victorious" or "the Well-Served", reigned 1422–1461. Charles VIII of France (1470–1498), called "the Affable", reigned over France 1483–1498 and was de facto King of Naples for five months in 1495, prompting the Italian Wars. Charles IX of France (1550–1574), reigned 1560–1574.
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- Patronage of culture and the arts
Charles IV, born Wenceslaus, was the first King of Bohemia to become Holy Roman Emperor. He was a member of the House of Luxembourg from his father's side and the Czech House of Přemyslid from his mother's side; he emphasized the latter due to his lifelong affinity for the Czech side of his inheritance, and also because his direct ancestors in the Přemyslid line included two saints. He was the eldest son and heir of King John of Bohemia, who died at the Battle of Crécy on 26 August 1346...
Charles IV was born to King John of the Luxembourg dynasty and Queen Elizabeth of Bohemia of the Czech Premyslid Dynasty in Prague. He was originally named Wenceslaus, the name of his maternal grandfather, King Wenceslaus II. He chose the name Charles at his confirmation in honor
In 1331, he gained some experience of warfare in Italy with his father. At the beginning of 1333, Charles went to Lucca to consolidate his rule there. In an effort to defend the city, Charles founded the nearby fortress and the town of Montecarlo. From 1333, he administered the l
On 11 July 1346, in consequence of an alliance between his father and Pope Clement VI, relentless enemy of the emperor Louis IV, Charles was elected as Roman king in opposition to Louis by some of the prince-electors at Rhens. As he had previously promised to be subservient to Cl
Prague became the capital of the Holy Roman Empire during the reign of Charles IV. The name of the royal founder and patron remains on many monuments and institutions, for example Charles University, Charles Bridge, Charles Square. High Gothic Prague Castle and part of the cathedral of Saint Vitus by Peter Parler were also built under his patronage. Finally, the first flowering of manuscript painting in Prague dates from Charles' reign. In the present Czech Republic, he is still regarded as Pate
Charles was married four times. His first wife was Blanche of Valois, daughter of Charles, Count of Valois, and a half-sister of Philip VI of France. They had three children
The reign of Charles IV was characterized by a transformation in the nature of the Empire and is remembered as the Golden Age of Bohemia. He promulgated the Golden Bull of 1356 whereby the succession to the imperial title was laid down, which held for the next four centuries. He
Castles built or established by Charles IV. 1. Karlstein Castle, 1348–1355 in Central Bohemian Region for safekeeping the Imperial Regalia, especially the Imperial Crown of the Holy Roman Empire 2. Kašperk Castle, 1356 in Klatovy District 3. Lauf – built on the way ...
Other places named after Charles: 1. Karlštejn castle, Czech Republic 2. Karlštejn, Czech Republic 3. Charles Bridge, Prague 4. Charles University, Prague 5. Karlovy Vary town, Czech Republic 6. Charles Square, Prague 7. Montecarlo fort and village in Italy 8. 16951 ...
- Louis de France
- Why Didn't Either of His Surviving Daughters Inherit His Throne of Navarre?
I've gone through and expanded the core text a bit, adding references and citations. It will probably need a copy-edit, however. Hchc2009 (talk) 17:23, 27 February 2010 (UTC)
Who numbered him Charles IV? He should have been Charles V, following Charlemagne (I), Charles the Bald (II), Charles the Fat, and Charles the Simple (III). — Preceding unsigned comment added by Emerson 07 (talk • contribs) 04:41, 15 June 2011 (UTC)
The article notes Charles's son by his second wife in this fashion: "Louis de France (March 1324)". Without the customary birth and death dates, I suppose it's logical to assume that March 1324 was both (as it was), but this isn't immediately obvious to a reader not familiar with genealogical conventions. Would purists be horrified if we spelled it out -- something like "Louis de France (born and died March 1324)"? Given that the absence of a son when Charles died was the whole basis for the Hundred Years' War, the fate of this little baby is unusually important. JamesMLanet c18:42, 25 July 2012 (UTC) 1. Seems a sensible option to me. Hchc2009 (talk) 18:56, 25 July 2012 (UTC)
He had some children who died before he did, but when he died his daughters Marie (Mary) and Blanche were both still alive. If he had the throne of Navarre why didn't Mary get the throne of Navarre when he died? In the non-Salic male-preference primogeniture of Navarre why wouldn't the oldest surviving daughter of a King with no sons get his throne? And we know Navarre does NOT go by Salic because look at who DID get the throne of Navarre when Charles IV of France died: Joan (II), i.e. a woman, so that repudiates any suggestion that Mary and Blanche couldn't inherit on account of being female. Now, their father's place in the succession of Navarre must have been senior to Joan II's, or else she'd have had that throne all along, instead of having to wait for Charles IV to die. If their father had precedence over Joan II, why didn't they?22.214.171.124 (talk) 11:29, 4 October 2013 (UTC)Christopher L. Simpson
- Early life
- King of France
Charles VI, called the Beloved and later the Mad, was King of France from 1380 until his death in 1422. He is known for his mental illness and psychotic episodes which plagued him throughout his life. Charles's reign would see his army crushed at the Battle of Agincourt, leading to the signing of the Treaty of Troyes, which made his future son-in-law Henry V of England his regent and heir to the throne of France. However, Henry would die shortly before Charles, which gave the House of Valois the
Charles was born in Paris, in the royal residence of the Hôtel Saint-Pol, on 3 December 1368, the son of the king of France, Charles V of the House of Valois and of Joanna of Bourbon. His elder brothers having died before he was born, Charles was heir to the French throne and held the title Dauphin of France.
At his father's death on 16 September 1380, he inherited the throne of France. His coronation took place on 4 November 1380, at Reims Cathedral. Charles VI was only 11 years old when he was crowned King of France. During his minority, France was ruled by Charles' uncles, as regen
Charles VI's early successes with the Marmousets as his counselors quickly dissipated as a result of the bouts of psychosis he experienced from his mid-twenties. Mental illness may have been passed on for several generations through his mother, Joanna of Bourbon. Although still c
On 29 January 1393, a masked ball, which later became known as the Bal des Ardents, had been organized by Isabeau of Bavaria to celebrate the wedding of one of her ladies-in-waiting at the Hôtel Saint-Pol. At the suggestion of Huguet de Guisay, the king and four other lords ...
On 17 September 1394, Charles suddenly published an ordinance in which he declared, in substance, that for a long time he had been taking note of the many complaints provoked by the excesses and misdemeanors of the Jews against Christians, and that the prosecutors had made severa
- Early life
- Later life and death
Charles IV was King of Spain and the Spanish Empire from 14 December 1788, until 19 March 1808. The Spain inherited by Charles IV gave few indications of instability, but during his reign, Spain entered a series of disadvantageous alliances and his regime constantly sought cash to deal with the exigencies of war. He detested his son and heir Ferdinand, who led the unsuccessful El Escorial Conspiracy and later forced Charles's abdication after the Tumult of Aranjuez in March 1808, along with the
Charles was the second son of Charles III and his wife, Maria Amalia of Saxony. He was born in Naples, while his father was King of Naples and Sicily. His elder brother, Don Felipe, was passed over for both thrones, due to his learning disabilities and epilepsy. In Naples and Sicily, Charles was referred to as the Prince of Taranto. He was called El Cazador, due to his preference for sport and hunting, rather than dealing with affairs of the state. Charles was considered by many to have been ami
In 1788, Charles III died and Charles IV succeeded to the throne, and ruled for the next two decades. Even though he had a profound belief in the sanctity of the monarchy, and kept up the appearance of an absolute, powerful king Charles never took more than a passive part in his own government. The affairs of government were left to his wife, Maria Luisa, and the man he appointed first minister, Manuel de Godoy. Charles occupied himself with hunting in the period that saw the outbreak of the Fre
Following Napoleon's deposing of the Bourbon dynasty, the ex-King, his wife, and former Prime Minister Godoy were held captive in France first at the château de Compiègne and three years in Marseille. After the collapse of the regime installed by Napoleon, Ferdinand VII was restored to the throne. The former Charles IV drifted about Europe until 1812, when he finally settled in Rome, in the Palazzo Barberini. His wife died on 2 January 1819, followed shortly by Charles, who died on 20 ...
Well-meaning and pious, Charles IV floundered in a series of international crises beyond his capacity to handle. He was painted by Francisco Goya in a number of official court portraits, which numerous art critics have seen as satires on the King's stout vacuity.
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:Charles IV of France00:01:31 1 Personality and marriage00:03:48 2 Domestic policy00:05:16 3 Foreign policy0...
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