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Coco Chanel, 1928 Gabrielle Bonheur "Coco" Chanel (19 August 1883 – 10 January 1971)  was a French fashion designer . Coco went with the nuns and she never got adopted, so she left the orphanage when she was 18 to work at a local tailor shop.
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- Personal Life
Chanel was born in 1883 in Saumur, France. In her youth, she was a seamstress and a nightclub singer.Her stage name was Coco, so she used that name publicly. In 1910, she opened a hat shop. In 1919, she opened a house of fashion in Paris, and introduced her perfume, Chanel No. 5, in 1921. She retired in 1939, but returned to fashion with great success in 1954. She is famous for the little black dress, Chanel No. 5, the most famous women's perfume in the world, and the knee-long skirt and box jacket suit worn with pearl necklace.
In 1913, Chanel opened her first shop in Deauville, France. Society women liked her simple wardrobe. In 1915, she opened a second shop in Biarritz. Chanel became one of the first women fashion designers to create simple and practical clothes for the sporty women of the era. She took the color black, which was not used in fashion at the time and showed "chic" it could be by wearing it. The material jersey was usually used to make men's underwear, but Chanel started to work with it to make women's fashion. Short hair, tans, and casual styles were the new trends.She banned corsets and other uncomfortable garments.
Chanel was the mistress of several rich men. During her relationship with the Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich of Russia in 1920, she added a Russian touch to her dresses by embroidering Russian patterns on them. Chanel was with Hugh Grosvenor, the 2nd Duke of Westminsterfrom 1924 to 1931. During this time, she discovered the English tweed sweater, English men's suits, and English coats. She added these to her collections.
Her life was depicted in the Broadway musical Coco in 1969. Movies based on her life include: Chanel Solitaire (1981), Coco Chanel (2008), Coco before Coco (2009), and Coco Chanel & Igor Stravinsky(2009).
Chanel died in 1971. She is still influencing women’s lifestyles and clothing. The House of Chanel remains in business. It is a member of the Chambre syndicale de la haute couture, the top fashion cliquein Paris. The House of Chanel produces modern versions of her best ideas.
Coco Chanel was a renowned French fashion designer who founded the fashion brand ‘Chanel’. She was the first person to see style as both, classic and casual. Chanel created timeless classics and set a high benchmark for the fashion designers to come. She was instrumental in breaking the stereotype and liberating woman from the stifling ...
Arie L. Kopelman (born September 23, 1938) is an American businessman and philanthropist. He served as the President and COO of Chanel from 1986 until 2004, when he retired and was succeeded by former Banana Republic President Maureen Chiquet. Kopelman remains at Chanel as Vice Chairman of the Board.
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French actor Olivier Sitruk played Capel in Coco Chanel (2008), a French-Italian-British television film, starring Shirley MacLaine as an elder Chanel. Alessandro Nivola played Capel in the film Coco avant Chanel (2009), starring Audrey Tautou as Chanel. Anatole Taubman played him in Coco Chanel & Igor Stravinsky (2009).
- Coco Chanel: Biography
- Personal Life
The legendary woman, the woman of the epoch, and the icon of style, Coco Chanel was born on August 19, 1883, in France. She was the second child in the family of Jeanne Devolle and Albert Chanel. Her parents were not married officially. The mother died in childbirth. The newborn girl was named Gabrielle after the nurse who helped her be born. Gabrielle did not like to remember her childhood because there were few happy moments there. The family lived in poverty, and the father did not take care of his children; when Coco turned 11, he left them. For a while, the sisters’ relatives looked after them; later, the girls had to live in an orphanage. Since that time, Coco never saw her father again. The girl realized that she would have no bright future after the orphanage but still dreamed of luxurious and comfortable life. When Chanel was famous, she mentioned she hated the orphanage uniform that made all girls faceless. At that moment, her dream to dress women beautifully originated. T...
Arthur Capel was a young and successful businessman; Chanel’s ideas attracted him. In 1910, Coco had her first hat store in Paris; in 1913, the second store in Deauville opened. As the young woman got her own business, she unleashed her fantasy in spite of her inexperience: she was both the fashion designer and entrepreneur. Initially, Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel created hats and sold them to famous Parisians. The number of clients grew day by day. Soon, Coco entered the noble circles and communicated with famous directors, artists, writers, and actors. Perhaps, this is why her trademark was based on elegance in clothes, accessories, and perfume. The famous string of pearls is the elegant jewelry for all times; it was Coco Chanel who introduced it. In 1921, Chanel presented the famous perfume “Chanel №5.” The Russian immigrant Ernest Beaux worked on the scent. It was the first perfume with the complicated notes that did not remind of flowers at all. Two years later, Coco presented tan...
Coco had many love affairs, short and long, and never married and had children, although she dreamed of it. At 22, she was Étienne Balsan, the wealthy retired officer who bred pedigree horses. Chanel lived in his castle, enjoyed luxury, and pondered her next steps. Later, she met the English Arthur Capel and started dating him. In 1924, Coco Chanel met the Duke of Westminster, the richest person in England. Their affair lasted for six years; during this period, Grosvenor married and divorced twice. He proposed to Coco, but she answered: The fashion designer remained just a mistress for her entire life. She lived longer than any of her lovers, but she was never happy in her personal life. Work became the meaning of her life. Coco Chanel saw new ideas for dresses in her dreams, work up, and started working on them: she was an industrious person to a ripe old age.
Coco Chanel died of a heart attack on January 10, 1971, in the lux room of the hotel Ritz, in front of the globally famous Chanel fashion house. The woman was 88 years old. At that time, her fashion empire brought $160 million annually. There were only three dresses in her wardrobe, but a queen would like to have one of those. The famous fashion designer was buried at the Bois-de-Vaux Cemetery in Lausanne, Switzerland.