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  1. Diode - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Diode

    A diode is a two- terminal electronic component that conducts current primarily in one direction (asymmetric conductance); it has low (ideally zero) resistance in one direction, and high (ideally infinite) resistance in the other.

  2. Diode - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Diode

    A diode is an electronic component with two electrodes (connectors) that allows electricity to go through it in one direction and not the other direction. Diodes can be used to turn alternating current into direct current (Diode bridge).

  3. Light-emitting diode - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Light-emitting_diode

    A light-emitting diode (LED) is a semiconductor light source that emits light when current flows through it. Electrons in the semiconductor recombine with electron holes , releasing energy in the form of photons .

    • October 1962
    • Anode and cathode
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  5. Schottky diode - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Schottky_diode
    • Overview
    • Construction
    • Reverse recovery time
    • Limitations
    • Silicon carbide Schottky diode
    • Applications

    The Schottky diode, also known as Schottky barrier diode or hot-carrier diode, is a semiconductor diode formed by the junction of a semiconductor with a metal. It has a low forward voltage drop and a very fast switching action. The cat's-whisker detectors used in the early days of wireless and metal rectifiers used in early power applications can be considered primitive Schottky diodes. When sufficient forward voltage is applied, a current flows in the forward direction. A silicon p–n...

    A metal–semiconductor junction is formed between a metal and a semiconductor, creating a Schottky barrier. Typical metals used are molybdenum, platinum, chromium or tungsten, and certain silicides, whereas the semiconductor would typically be n-type silicon. The metal side acts as the anode, and n-type semiconductor acts as the cathode of the diode; meaning conventional current can flow from the metal side to the semiconductor side, but not in the opposite direction. This Schottky barrier ...

    The most important difference between the p-n diode and the Schottky diode is the reverse recovery time when the diode switches from the conducting to the non-conducting state. In a p–n diode, the reverse recovery time can be in the order of several microseconds to less than 100 ns for fast diodes, and it is mainly limited by the diffusion capacitance caused by minority carriers accumulated in the diffusion region during the conducting state. Schottky diodes are significantly faster since ...

    The most evident limitations of Schottky diodes are their relatively low reverse voltage ratings, and their relatively high reverse leakage current. For silicon-metal Schottky diodes, the reverse voltage is typically 50 V or less. Some higher-voltage designs are available. Reverse leakage current, since it increases with temperature, leads to a thermal instability issue. This often limits the useful reverse voltage to well below the actual rating. While higher reverse voltages are achievable, th

    Schottky diodes constructed from silicon carbide have a much lower reverse leakage current than silicon Schottky diodes, as well as higher forward voltage and reverse voltage. As of 2011 they were available from manufacturers in variants up to 1700 V of reverse voltage. Silicon carbide has a high thermal conductivity, and temperature has little influence on its switching and thermal characteristics. With special packaging, silicon carbide Schottky diodes can operate at junction temperatures of o

    While standard silicon diodes have a forward voltage drop of about 0.6 V and germanium diodes 0.2 V, Schottky diodes' voltage drop at forward biases of around 1 mA is in the range of 0.15 V to 0.46 V, which makes them useful in voltage clamping applications and prevention of tran

    Because of a Schottky diode's low forward voltage drop, less energy is wasted as heat, making them the most efficient choice for applications sensitive to efficiency. For instance, they are used in stand-alone photovoltaic systems to prevent batteries from discharging through the

    Schottky diodes are also used as rectifiers in switched-mode power supplies. The low forward voltage and fast recovery time leads to increased efficiency. They can also be used in power supply "OR"ing circuits in products that have both an internal battery and a mains adapter inp

  6. Diode – Wikipedia

    de.wikipedia.org › wiki › Diode

    Eine Diode ist ein elektronisches Bauelement, das Strom in einer Richtung passieren lässt und in der anderen Richtung den Stromfluss sperrt. Daher wird von Durchlassrichtung und Sperrrichtung gesprochen. Entdeckt wurde das Verhalten 1874 von Ferdinand Braun an Punktkontakten auf Bleisulfid (Galenit).

  7. Laser diode - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Laser_diode

    A laser diode, (LD), injection laser diode (ILD), or diode laser is a semiconductor device similar to a light-emitting diode in which a diode pumped directly with electrical current can create lasing conditions at the diode's junction. Laser diodes can directly convert electrical energy into light.

  8. Flyback diode - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Flyback_diode
    • Overview
    • Operation
    • Design
    • Induction at the opening of a contact
    • Applications

    A flyback diode is a diode connected across an inductor used to eliminate flyback, which is the sudden voltage spike seen across an inductive load when its supply current is suddenly reduced or interrupted. It is used in circuits in which inductive loads are controlled by switches, and in switching power supplies and inverters. This diode is known by many other names, such as snubber diode, commutating diode, freewheeling diode, suppressor diode, clamp diode, or catch diode.

    Fig. 1 shows an inductor connected to a battery - a constant voltage source. The resistor represents the small residual resistance of the inductor's wire windings. When the switch is closed, the voltage from the battery is applied to the inductor, causing current from the battery's positive terminal to flow down through the inductor and resistor. The increase in current causes a back EMF across the inductor due to Faraday's law of induction which opposes the change in current. Since the voltage

    When used with a DC coil relay, a flyback diode can cause delayed drop-out of the contacts when power is removed, due to the continued circulation of current in the relay coil and diode. When rapid opening of the contacts is important, a resistor or reverse-biased Zener diode can be placed in series with the diode to help dissipate the coil energy faster, at the expense of higher voltage at the switch. Schottky diodes are preferred in flyback diode applications for switching power converters, be

    According to Faraday's law of induction, if the current through an inductance changes, this inductance induces a voltage so the current will go on flowing as long as there is energy in the magnetic field. If the current can only flow through the air, the voltage is therefore so high that the air conducts. That is why in mechanically-switched circuits, the near-instantaneous dissipation which occurs without a flyback diode is often observed as an arc across the opening mechanical contacts. Energy

    Flyback diodes are commonly used when inductive loads are switched off by semiconductor devices: in relay drivers, H-bridge motor drivers, and so on. A switched-mode power supply also exploits this effect, but the energy is not dissipated to heat and instead used to pump a packet of additional charge into a capacitor, in order to supply power to a load. When the inductive load is a relay, the flyback diode can noticeably delay the release of the relay by keeping the coil current flowing longer.

  9. Diode bridge - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Diode_bridge

    A diode bridge is an arrangement of four (or more) diodes in a bridge circuit configuration that provides the same polarity of output for either polarity of input. When used in its most common application, for conversion of an alternating-current (AC) input into a direct-current (DC) output, it is known as a bridge rectifier.

  10. Apr 12, 2017 · The diode is one of the oldest and most important electronic devices, although it is not as famous as its cousin, the transistor. Used in all sorts of electrical and electronic systems, the diode functions as a one-way valve for electric current—it only allows current to flow in one direction.

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