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  1. Execution by firing squad - Wikipedia › wiki › Execution_by_firing_squad

    Execution by firing squad, in the past sometimes called fusillading, is a method of capital punishment, particularly common in the military and in times of war. Execution by shooting is a fairly old practice. Some reasons for its use are that firearms are usually readily available and a gunshot to a vital organ, such as the brain or heart, most often will kill relatively quickly. A firing squad is normally composed of several military personnel, all of whom are usually instructed to fire simulta

  2. Execution by shooting - Wikipedia › wiki › Executed_by_shooting

    Execution by shooting is a method of capital punishment in which a person is shot to death by one or more firearms.It is the most common method of execution worldwide, used in about 70 countries, with execution by firing squad being one particular form.

  3. Execution by firing squad — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 › en › Execution_by_firing_squad
    • Military Significance
    • Blank Cartridge
    • by Country
    • See Also
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    The method is often the supreme pun­ish­ment or dis­ci­pli­nary means em­ployed by mil­i­tary courts for crimes such as cow­ardice, de­ser­tion, es­pi­onage, mur­der, mutiny, or trea­son. If the con­demned pris­oner is an ex-of­fi­cer who is ac­knowl­edged to have shown brav­ery through­out their ca­reer, they may be af­forded the priv­i­lege of giv­ing the order to fire. An ex­am­ple of this is Mar­shal of France Michel Ney. As a means of in­sult­ing the con­demned, how­ever, past ex­e­cu­tions have had them shot in the back, de­nied blind­folds, or even tied to chairs. When Galeazzo Ciano, son-in-law of Ben­ito Mus­solini, and sev­eral other for­mer Fas­cists who voted to re­move him from power were ex­e­cuted, they were tied to chairs fac­ing away from their ex­e­cu­tion­ers. By some re­ports, Ciano man­aged to twist his chair around at the last sec­ond to face them.

    Some­times, one or more mem­bers of the fir­ing squad may be is­sued a weapon con­tain­ing a blank car­tridge. In such cases, mem­bers of the fir­ing squad are not told be­fore­hand whether they are using live am­mu­ni­tion. This is be­lieved to re­in­force the sense of dif­fu­sion of re­spon­si­bil­ity among the fir­ing squad members. Trained sol­diers know the dif­fer­ence be­tween a blank round, and a ball round. The blank round, when fired, has no re­coil at all, whereas a ball round will pro­duce sig­nif­i­cant recoil. This is es­pe­cially sig­nif­i­cant when bolt ac­tion ri­fles are em­ployed. This dif­fu­sion of re­spon­si­bil­ity makes the ex­e­cu­tion process more re­li­able be­cause the mem­bers are more likely to aim to kill if they are not en­tirely blamed for it, or if there is a chance they did not fire the lethal shot.[citation needed] It also al­lows each mem­ber of the fir­ing squad to be­lieve af­ter­wards that he did or did not per­son­ally fire a fatal shot—for t...


    On 12 Oc­to­ber 1915 a British nurse Edith Cavell was ex­e­cuted by a Ger­man fir­ing squad at the Tir na­tional shoot­ing range at Schaer­beekafter being con­victed of "con­vey­ing troops to the enemy" dur­ing the First World War. On 1 April 1916 a Bel­gian woman, Gabrielle Petit, was ex­e­cuted by a Ger­man fir­ing squad at Schaer­beek after being con­victed of spy­ing for the British Se­cret Ser­vicedur­ing World War I. Dur­ing the Bat­tle of the Bulge in World War II, three cap­tured Ger­...


    The Brazil­ian Con­sti­tu­tion of 1988 ex­pressly pro­hibits the usage of cap­i­tal pun­ish­ment in peace­time, but au­tho­rizes the use of the death penalty for mil­i­tary crimes com­mit­ted dur­ing wartime.War needs to be de­clared for­mally, in ac­cor­dance with in­ter­na­tional law and ar­ti­cle 84, item 19 of the Fed­eral Con­sti­tu­tion, with due au­tho­riza­tion from the Brazil­ian Con­gress. The Brazil­ian Code of Mil­i­tary Penal Law, in its chap­ter deal­ing with wartime of­fences,...


    Fol­low­ing the mil­i­tary over­throw of the de­mo­c­ra­t­i­cally elected gov­ern­ment of Sal­vador Al­lende in 1973, Chilean dic­ta­tor Au­gusto Pinochetini­ti­ated a se­ries of war tri­bunal tri­als against left­ist peo­ple around the coun­try. Dur­ing the first months after his coup against democ­racy, hun­dreds of peo­ple were killed by fir­ing squads and sum­mary ex­e­cu­tions.

    Moore, William, The Thin Yellow Line, Wordsworth Editions Ltd, 1974
    Putkowski and Sykes, Shot at Dawn, Leo Cooper, 2006
    Hughs-Wilson, John and Corns, Cathryn M, Blindfold and Alone: British Military Executions in the Great War, Cassell, 2005
    Johnson, David, Executed at Dawn: The British Firing Squads of the First World War, History Press, 2015
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  5. Talk:Execution by firing squad - Wikipedia › wiki › Talk:Execution_by_firing_squad
    • Overview
    • First paragraph needs sources
    • In North America
    • Possible anti-mormon statement
    • Link to CNN article
    • 'criminal' inappropriate

    This article has been mentioned by a media organization: "Injections to replace Utah firing squads". Daily Telegraph online. January 5, 2004.

    First paragraphs is full of "usually", "sometimes" and stuff like that referring to certain practices or anecdotes, without a shred of source to back it up. Quote: " thus preventing both disruption of the process by a single member and identification of the member who fired the lethal shot". Who said that? Where? "There is a tradition in some jurisdictions" which jurisdictions? And later on the same paragraph, what does it mean "by some accounts"? This doesn't seem an academic approach to me. Da

    Surely "in North America since 1600"? PML. Will clarif to "...English speaking parts of North America..." -- knoodelhed 06:39, 15 Oct 2003 The original source is explicit saying "340 in the US since 1600". I found exactly that same wording on a website. As you point out, that's a logical impossibility since the US didn't exist as a legal entity then. Perhaps they meant "US and predecessor territories" but I have been unable to confirm. Given the confusion, I am going to pull the sentence. I don'

    As written, this comes across as an anti-Mormon statement that IMO violates the NPOV policy. Please clarify who believes this before reinserting it into the article. Rossami 21:49, 17 Mar 2004 Many have suggested that its use in Utah is related to a supposed Mormon doctrine of blood atonement, although the Mormon church has strongly denied that this doctrine exists. Until these 'many' are identified, the article has been changed to give Taylor's own reasoning.

    The link to a CNN article about firing squads that appears not to be working. The URL is Has anyone got another link, or should it just be removed? Kingal86 13:30, 15 Jul 2004

    Many people who weren't criminals have been executed by firing squad, e.g. persons captured in wars or revolutions or killed in wartime reprisals. I've replaced the first use of the word 'criminal' with 'person' and the second with 'victim'.Palmiro 18:21, 21 Sep 2004 I think changing the wording makes this article a bit harder to follow. The vast majority of executions by firing squad are of criminals. In fact, I'm tempted to say all of them. Can you provide evidence of executions by firing squa

  6. Rovetta massacre - Wikipedia › wiki › Rovetta_massacre

    Execution by firing squad. On 28 April a group of partisans belonging to the 53ª Brigata Garibaldi Tredici Martiri, the Brigata Camozzi and the Brigate Fiamme Verdi arrived in the village and took the soldiers from the school to a point near the local cemetery. On the way, one of the prisoners, Fernando Caciolo, managed to escape and hide ...

  7. Trial and execution of Nicolae and Elena Ceaușescu - Wikipedia › wiki › Trial_of_Nicolae_and_Elena

    The execution was carried out by a firing squad consisting of paratroop regiment soldiers: Captain Ionel Boeru, Sergeant-Major Georghin Octavian and Dorin-Marian Cirlan, while reportedly hundreds of others also volunteered. The Ceaușescus' hands were tied by four soldiers before the execution.

  8. Wilkerson v. Utah - Wikipedia › wiki › Wilkerson_v

    VIII. Wilkerson v. Utah, 99 U.S. 130 (1879), is a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court affirmed the judgment of the Supreme Court of the Territory of Utah in stating that execution by firing squad, as prescribed by the Utah territorial statute, was not cruel and unusual punishment under the Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

  9. Execution of the Romanov family - Wikipedia › wiki › Execution_of_the_Romanov
    • Background
    • Execution
    • Executioners
    • Aftermath
    • See Also
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    On 22 March 1917, Nicholas, deposed as a monarch and addressed by the sentries as "Nicholas Romanov", was reunited with his family at the Alexander Palace in Tsarskoe Selo. He was placed under house arrest with his family by the Provisional Government, and the family was surrounded by guards and confined to their quarters. In August 1917, Alexander Kerensky's provisional government, after a failed attempt to send the Romanovs to Britain, which was ruled by Nicholas and Alexandra's mutual first cousin, King George V, evacuated the Romanovs to Tobolsk, Siberia, allegedly to protect them from the rising tide of revolution. There they lived in the former governor's mansion in considerable comfort. After the Bolsheviks came to power in October 1917, the conditions of their imprisonment grew stricter. Talk in the government of putting Nicholas on trial grew more frequent. Nicholas was forbidden to wear epaulettes, and the sentries scrawled lewd drawings on the fence to offend his daughter...

    While the Romanovs were having dinner on 16 July 1918, Yurovsky entered the sitting room and informed them that kitchen boy Leonid Sednev was leaving to meet his uncle, Ivan Sednev, who had returned to the city asking to see him; Ivan had already been shot by the Cheka. The family was very upset as Leonid was Alexei's only playmate and he was the fifth member of the imperial entourage to be taken from them, but they were assured by Yurovsky that he would be back soon. Alexandra did not trust Yurovsky, writing in her final diary entry just hours before her death, "whether it's true & we shall see the boy back again!" Leonid was kept in the Popov House that night.Yurovsky saw no reason to kill him and wanted him removed before the execution took place. Around midnight on 17 July, Yurovsky ordered the Romanovs' physician, Eugene Botkin, to awaken the sleeping family and ask them to put on their clothes, under the pretext that the family would be moved to a safe location due to impendin...

    Ivan Plotnikov, history professor at the Maksim Gorky Ural State University, has established that the executioners were Yakov Yurovsky, Grigory P. Nikulin, Mikhail A. Medvedev (Kuprin), Peter Ermakov, Stepan Vaganov, Alexey G. Kabanov (former soldier in the tsar's Life Guards and Chekist assigned to the attic machine gun), Pavel Medvedev, V. N. Netrebin, and Y. M. Tselms. Filipp Goloshchyokin, a close associate of Yakov Sverdlov, being a military commissar of the Uralispolkom in Yekaterinburg, however did not actually participate, and two or three guards refused to take part. Pyotr Voykov was given the specific task of arranging for the disposal of their remains, obtaining 570 litres (150 gal) of gasoline and 180 kilograms (400 lbs) of sulphuric acid, the latter from the Yekaterinburg pharmacy. He was a witness but later claimed to have taken part in the murders, looting belongings from a dead grand duchess. After the killings, he was to declare that "The world will never know what...

    Early the next morning, when rumors spread in Yekaterinburg about the disposal site, Yurovsky removed the bodies and hid them elsewhere (WikiMiniAtlas56°56′32″N 60°28′24″E / 56.942222°N 60.473333°E / 56.942222; 60.473333). When the vehicle carrying the bodies broke down on the way to the next chosen site, Yurovsky made new arrangements, and buried most of the acid-covered bodies in a pit sealed and concealed with rubble, covered over with railroad ties and then earth (WikiMiniAtlas56°54′41″N 60°29′44″E / 56.9113628°N 60.4954326°E / 56.9113628; 60.4954326) on Koptyaki Road, a cart track (subsequently abandoned) 19 kilometres (12 mi) north of Yekaterinburg. On the afternoon of 19 July, Filipp Goloshchyokin announced at the Opera House on Glavny Prospekt that "Nicholas the bloody" had been shot and his family taken to another place. Sverdlov granted permission for the local paper in Yekaterinburg to publish the "Execution of Nicholas, the Bloody Crowned Murderer – Shot without Bo...

    Bykov, Pavel Mikhailovich. The Last Days of Tsar Nicholas. New York: International Publishers. 1935.
    Cross, Anthony (2014). In the Lands of the Romanovs: An Annotated Bibliography of First-hand English-language Accounts of the Russian Empire (1613-1917). Cambridge, UK: Open Book Publishers. 2014....
    Massie, Robert K. (2012). The Romanovs: The Final Chapter. Random House. ISBN 9780307873866.
    McNeal, Shay. The Secret Plot to Save the Tsar: New Truths Behind the Romanov Mystery. HarperCollins, 2003. ISBN 0-06-051755-7, ISBN 978-0-06-051755-7
    Execution Of The Romanov Family on YouTube as seen in the movie The Romanovs: An Imperial Family
    Alexander Palace Time Machine Archived 2 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  10. Execution (novel) - Wikipedia › wiki › Execution_(novel)

    Plot summary. Based in part on McDougall's experience as an officer with Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, Execution follows the fictional Canadian 2nd Rifles Brigade during the Italian Campaign of 1943. Led by the flamboyant Brigadier Ian Kildare (a modern miles gloriosus, or braggart soldier), the Canadians invade Sicily where they meet with little resistance from the Italian Army, composed mostly of hapless conscripts who want no part in the war.

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