horizon of activity away from Swabia. Although they took their name from the Swabian castle of Staufen, the family acquired extensive property in Franconia, bequeathed to Duke Friedrich II by his maternal uncle Emperor Heinrich V. The election of Konrad von Staufen as Konrad III King of Germany in 1138, and that of his
The Hunfriding were succeeded by the Franconian Konradiner dynasty in 926, when Hermann was appointed duke by Heinrich I King of Germany. Over the succeeding 150 years, no single family established itself as dukes of Swabia for more than three generations.
Hermann I of Lotharingia, 945–994 Ezzo of Lotharingia, 994–1034 Otto I of Lotharingia, 1034–45 (Duke of Swabia 1045–47) Heinrich I of Lotharingia, 1045–61 Hermann II of Lotharingia, 1061–85 (in tutelage to Anno II, archbishop of Cologne until 1064) Counts Palatine of the Rhine (1085–1356)
He was installed in 997 as HERMANN II Duke of Swabia, Graf im Wetterau. A majority of south-western magnates supported Duke Hermann's candidacy for the imperial throne in 1002 after the death of Emperor Otto III, but acknowledged the accession of Heinrich Duke of Bavaria as king of Germany in Oct 1002  .
- Counts Palatine of Lotharingia, 915–1085
- Counts Palatine of The Rhine, 1085–1356
- Younger History
The Palatinate emerged from the County Palatine of Lotharingia, which came into existence in the 10th century. 1. Wigeric of Lotharingia, count of the Bidgau (c.915/916–922) 2. Godfrey, count of the Jülichgau (c. 940)
From about 1085/1086, after the death of the last Ezzonian palatine count, Herman II of Lotharingia, the Palatinate lost its military importance in Lotharingia. The territorial authority of the count palatine was reduced to his counties along the Rhine, from then on called County Palatine of the Rhine. 1. Heinrich II of Laach, 1085–95 2. Sigfried of Ballenstadt, 1095–1113 3. Gottfried of Kalw, 1113–29 4. William of Ballenstedt, 1129–39 5. Henry IV Jasomirgott, 1139–42 6. Hermann III of Stahleck, 1142–55
Only after the great restorations of 1815, the (Rhenish or Lower) Palatinate, albeit without any prince-electoral role any longer, was restored as one of then eight Bavarian Districts (= provinces). After WW II the American Military Government for Germany took it away from Bavaria and put it together with neighbouring territories to form a new state called Rhenania-Palatinate (German: Rheinland-Pfalz) with Mainz as the state capital. The people - as far as the Palatinian share amongst them was concerned, having felt a deep sense of neglet from the side of the distant governments in Munich for generations - later approved by plebiscite.
↑ Kohnle, Armin (2005). "Mittelalterliche Grundlagen; Pfalzgraftenamt, Territorialentwicklung und Kurwürde" (in German). Kleine Geschichte der Kurpfalz. Regionalgeschichte-fundiert und kompakt (Fir...
Hermann II of Lotharingia 1061–85 (in tutelage to Anno II, archbishop of Cologne until 1064) Counts Palatine of the Rhine 1085–1214 Edit From c. 1085, after the death of the last Ezzonian count palatine, Herman II of Lotharingia, the Palatinate lost its military importance in Lotharingia.
The progenitor of the Counts of Geneva was Conrad I, possible count palatine of Burgundy, in Vienne. Count Cono/Conrad died about 1003 in exile, during the Hermann II's rebellion (his brother duke of Swabia, of Conradines lineage). Their son, Robert, count of Geneva, was born about 970 and died about 1020.
Hermann IV of Swabia was born circa 1015. 2 He married Adelaide von Susa, daughter of Odalrico Manfrido II of Turin and Bertha d'Este, in 1036. 2 Hermann died on 28 July 1038. 2 Children of Hermann and Adelaide :
Hermann II of Winzenburg: 1124-1129: ... Conrad II: 1191-1196: Philip of Swabia: 1196-1208: Rival Emperor, ... killing Ottokar II, Duke of Austria and King of Bohemia ...
Herman is masculine given name, from an ancient Germanic name consisting of the elements harja-"army" and mann-"man". Hermine is the feminine form of Herman. It is first recorded in the 8th century, in the forms Hariman, Heriman, Hairman, Herman.