Joan, Lady of Wales and Lady of Snowdon, also known by her Welsh name of Siwan, (c. 1191/92 – February 1237) was the illegitimate daughter of King John of England, and was the wife of Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Wales (initially King of Gwynedd), effective ruler of all of Wales.
Joan, Lady of Wales C. 1191-1237 Joan of Wales, known as Siwan to the Welsh, was born circa 1191, the illegitimate daughter King John of England, her mother is not known with certainty, but may have been Clemence Pinel. Joan was brought up in Normandy until in 1205 her father her marriage to the Welsh Prince, Llywelyn the Great of Gwynedd.
- Early Life
- Marriage and Children
- Joan Plantagenet and William de Braose
- Death of Joan, Lady of Wales
Little is known about Joan’s early life apart from the fact that she was born out of wedlock. Her father was King John of England and mother was Clemence Pinel or Queen Clemence as some may call her, but there is no evidence of her royal heritage. It is believed that Joan may have been born in France and was the eldest and third child of King John of England. She was brought to Normandy in December 1203 for her marriage to Llywelyn The Great, Prince of Welsh. Joan Plantagenet, however, should not be confused with her half-sister Joan of England, Queen of Scotland.
In May 1206, Joan was married to Llywelyn at St. Werburgh’s Abbey in Chester. Joan was just 15 at that time. The marriage was fruitful and the couple had two children, a daughter named Elen ferch Llywelyn who was married later to John the Scot, Earl of Chester and again for the second time to Robert II de Quincy and a son called Dafydd de Llywelyn. Some of Llywelyn’s other children Gwladus Du, Susanna, Angharad, and Margaret are also believed to be of Joan’s. Relationship between Joan and Llywelyn was a happy one. Llywelyn unable to withstand the rage of his father would often send Joan to his father as a mediator to seek peace in case there was some argument. In April of 1226, Joan received a papal decree from Pope Honorius III. The decree declared her illegitimacy and that her parents were not married at the time of her birth which denied her claim to the English throne.
Everything was going fine between Joan and Llywelyn, until the Joan met William de Braose, the 10thBaron of Abergevenny. William was the Lord of Bramber and was despised by the people of Welsh and was referred to as the ‘Black William’. In 1228, William was captured by Llywelyn’s armed forces near Montgomery. Both Llywelyn and Braose came to an agreement. They agreed to wed Braose’s daughter Isabella to Llywelyn’s only son and heir Dafydd in return for the lordship and castle of Builth as dowry to the marriage and freedom for William. But unfortunately, on the night of Easter in 1230, Llywelyn discovered William in the middle of the night at Joan’s bedchamber. The scandal spread like fire. A furious Llywelyn ordered the death sentence of William de Braose. Following the event, on May 2, 1230, William was hanged from a tree near Garth Celyn Palace at Abergwyngegyn. Joan was imprisoned and was kept in a tower in solitary confinement at Garth Celyn for 12 months. However, Llywelyn late...
In February 1237, Joan died peacefully at the royal palace of Abergwyngegyn, north of Gwynedd. A grief-stricken Llywelyn never left her side. Llywelyn established a Franciscan Friary near the shores of Llanfaes in her honor where Joan was buried. Shortly in 1240, it was declared a consecrated ground by the church authorities. However, in 1537, Joan’s shrine was desecrated during the “Dissolution of the Monasteries” by order of King Henry VIII. The location of the tomb was unknown until many years later it was found in the small town of Beaumaris, Anglessey. Joan’s stone tomb has been reinstated with great honor and is kept in the Beaumaris Church premises. The sculpture of Joan shows her wearing wimple and a small crown with her hands folded and raised to offer prayers. There is also an inscription at her coffin stating the condition in which the tomb was found and that she was reinstated by Thomas James Warren Bulkeley in October 1808.
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1 Biography 2 Lineage 3 References 3.1 Books 3.2 Internet Joan, Lady of Wales, Lady of Snowdon was born in about 1191 to King John of England and Clemence Unknown ( - ). She married between 1203 and Oct 1204 to Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Wales. He was born in about 1173 in Dolwyddelan, Conwy, Wales to Iorwerth Drwyndwn (c.1130 - 1174) and Marared ferch Madog ( - ) and died on 11 Apr 1240 in ...
Feb 21, 2019 · Joan, Princess of Wales and Lady of Snowdon, also known by her Welsh name of Siwan, (c. 1191 – 2 February 1237) was the wife of Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Wales and Gwynedd and effective ruler of most of Wales. Joan was a natural daughter of King John of England. She should not be confused with her half-sister, Joan, Queen consort of Scotland.
Jun 15, 2016 · Joan was born circa 1191 as the illegitimate daughter of King John of England and a woman named Clemence. We know her mother’s name as it was mentioned in Joan’s obituary where she is called Regina Clementina, though there is no evidence of a Queen Clemence.
Joan, Lady of Wales, also known by her Welsh name Siwan, was an illegitimate and favoured daughter of King John, and one of several illegitimate medieval women married off by her father for the sake of politics.
May 02, 2020 · By 15 October 1204 Joan was betrothed to the foremost prince in Wales; Llywelyn ab Iorweth, prince of Gwynedd, also known as Llywelyn Fawr, or Llywelyn the Great. In the summer of 1204, he had paid homage to King John for his Welsh lands, having recognised the English king as overlord by treaty in July 1201; allowing him to marry Joan was a sign of John’s favour.
Birth 1191 unknown, Death February 2, 1237 unknown, Parents John Plantagenet + Clemence …, Spouse Llywelyn The Great …, Children Dafydd, Gwladus, Elen Joan … Lady of Wales 1191–1237 – Whos Your Daddy?
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