History The Hamburg Karl Rapp established its subsidiary Karl Rapp Rotterdam in 1954. For many years the subsidiary continues to grow and finally becomes independent in the 1970s, after which the head office is established in the Waalhaven. During the 1990s, a new, important step followed.
Karl Rapp and Julius Auspitzer founded Karl Rapp Motorenwerke GmbH with a capital stock of RM 200,000 on 29 April 1913 on the site of Flugwerke Deutschland (after the company went into liquidation). General Consul Auspitzer was the company's sole shareholder, with the operational side of the company managed by Karl Rapp.
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Apr 19, 2021 · Karl Rapp is best known as a Entrepreneur. Founder of Rapp Motorenwerke GmbH, which would later turn into iconic car company BMW after his death. Karl Rapp was born on September 24, 1882 in Germany. He worked for the car company Daimler-Benz before founding Rapp Motorenwerke GmbH.
Apr 26, 2016 · Karl Rapp was born in 1862 in Ehingen. Not much is known about his life before he took to engineering and was employed by Zust automotive in the early 20th century. After serving from 1908 to 1911, Rapp went on to design automobiles and engines for Daimler-Benz.
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Karl Rapp (born September 24, 1882 in Ehingen an der Donau; † May 26, 1962 in Locarno) was the founder and owner of Rapp Motorenwerke GmbH in Munich.. After his training as an engineer, he worked in Cannstatt at the Württemberg railway workshop inspection.
BMW invites you as a rider to feel great walk around the products, and you-you will find all of the history behind BMW. 1913 The first was founded by Karl Friedrich Rapp in October 1913. No one knows that BMW started as a manufacturer of aircraft engines. Rapp establishes "Rapp-Motorenwerke" in a former bicycle factory in Munich, Germany.
- BMW History: The Early Years
- BMW History During The War
- BMW History in The Modern Era
- The Takeaway
BMW history begins with two important men: Gustav Otto and Karl Rapp. Their separate automobile manufacturing companies merged in 1916. This gave way to the BFW, or Bayerische Flugzeug-Werke AG. In 1922, this company absorbed the construction duties of Bayerische Motoren Werke (BMW). This means that the services provided by BFW transferred to the new company, BMW. This is why 1916 is considered the date of creation for the manufacturer, even though the name and emblem would be refined for a couple of years after that. In WWI, the company produced inboard engines. By 1920, engine production transferred to a new financier named Castiglioni. He relocated BMW to Munich, which is still the company’s base of operations today. Shortly after, BMW produced its first motorcycle. This was a huge deal for the company since this vehicle marked the first time the company produced more than engines. This motorcycle was conceived and assembled from scratch by BMW. This led to automotive manufacturi...
Between world wars, Germany’s conversion to National Socialism affected all industries, including automobile manufacturing.BMW began specializing in armaments and aero-engines. They still made vehicles but on a smaller scale. As demands for armaments grew, BMW turned to aircraft construction (on government orders). This created new company mergers, increasing the size of the manufacturer significantly in the late 1930s. By 1941, the Munich plant, flush with government money, was a premier aircraft manufacturer for the German military in time for WWII.
After the war, the Allies dismantled a lot of BMW’s manufacturing plants. This cost the company most of its assets until 1948 when motorcycle production began again.Due to material shortages, this was a slow period for the company. The 6-person BMW 501 hit the market in 1952. It wasn’t a huge financial success but it didn’t have to be. The idea of BMW producing huge luxury vehicles successfully jumpstarted the company’s image into the modern era.This climaxed with the BMW 1500 in 1961, the middle-class sedan that put BMW on the map. Since then, BMW has had to expand its facilities to meet demand.Today, few companies can claim an equal reputation for luxury consumer-class vehicles.
BMW history began in rocky straits, forming in Germany on the cusp of World Wars. However, it survived through its military contracts, was stripped down after the war, and slowly built itself back up into a luxury consumer vehicle manufacturer. The name BMW is now synonymous with high-quality, large sedans made from luxury materials and classy designs.
The history of the name itself begins with Rapp Motorenwerke, an aircraft engine manufacturer which was established in 1913 by Karl Rapp. A site near the Oberwiesenfeld was chosen because it was close to Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (then called Otto Flugmaschinenfabrik), with whom he had contracts to supply his four-cylinder aircraft engines.
- Foundation of BMW
- BMW During World War II
- BMW – Post-War Rebound
- BMW During The 1970s
- Turn of A New Century
- The Millennium
BMW was the product of three manufacturing companies that became Bayerische Motorenwerke in 1917. Rapp Motorenwerke and Bayerische Flugzeugwerke were separate companies until the year 1918 until they were merged into a new public limited company. In 1918, Rapp Motorenwerke had been restructured and taken on the name BMW when it absorbed the struggling Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (BFW).
During World War II, BMW manufactured war materials for the German military. This was not uncommon as most of the manufacturing facilities, and production plants in Germany came under the control of the government following the Nazi invasion of Poland. During this time, BMW was devoted almost entirely to making aircrafts for the German air force and motorcycles for the German army. Civilian automobile production came to a complete stop until after the war. BMW had a dark history during the Second World War. To keep up with production demands of the German military, BMW began to employ foreign workers in the year 1940. These workers worked on the factory floor taking over the roles that had been left open by German men who had been drafted into the military. These workers were not enough to keep up with the required pace of manufacturing. Beginning in 1942, BMW began to employ POWs from Eastern Europe as well as forced laborers from Western Europe. These workers worked alongside pris...
Rebounding from the costs of the post-war reparations was not an easy task for the German economy or its industry leaders. Thankfully, the costs of World War II did not lead to the same economic instability that followed the Treaty of Versailles at the end of World War I. In 1951, BMW was able to produce its first automobile since the start of the war. The car was called the 501. The 501 was a large saloon vehicle that could seat as many as six people comfortably. Although it was designed to be a luxury car, it did not succeed in the luxury market. However, it did play an important role in re-establishing the company’s reputation as one of the leading manufacturers of vehicles that were not only high-quality but also technologically advanced. The BMW 501 lived a short life and was taken off of the production lines in 1958. After nearly 15 years of uncertainty, BMW was able to negotiate its independence for a second time in the year 1959. Daimler-Benz had its eye on acquiring BMW thr...
Without the pressure of a major European war, BMW was able to flourish through the 1960s and 1970s. The company focused on expansion as well as advancement throughout this period. Several of the modern arms of the company were also formed during this time. This period of growth resulted in the multi-faceted organization that BMW is today. BMW gained a new kind of independence in the year 1971 when it established its own financial subsidiary organization. BMW Kredit was established to finance the company’s growth as well as provide support for their growing number of dealerships around the world. BMW Kredit became the cornerstone in the emerging automotive leasing market. The 1970s also saw a period of international expansion for BMW. In 1972, the company began work on its first ever overseas production plant. The plant is located in Rosslyn, near Pretoria in South Africa. The plant employs 1,700 employees and manufactures around 53,000 units of the BMW 3 Series each year. South Afri...
As time progressed, BMW became known as a leader in both luxury and technology. Between their line of sports vehicles and their compellingly comfortable sedans, BMW had set a precedent across the world for what one manufacturer could achieve. BMW became know for the extensive amount of research that went into designing and producing new vehicles. In 1990, BMW opened its Research and Innovation Centre in Munich. It was the first car manufacturer to open this type of facility. The facility continues to host over 7,000 employees. BMW relies on a variety of scientists, designers, engineers, managers and technical staff to work together to create their modern, luxury vehicles. In 1994, BMW made it to America. The decision to build in the United States was made in 1989, but the facility was not open for business until the early 90s. The new plant simultaneously cemented BMW’s position as a global auto manufacturer whilst producing cars for one of its biggest markets. The plant was built i...
After narrowly surviving one of the most tumultuous centuries in European history, the BMW group has spent the early years of the new century focusing on growth, change, and longevity. The Mini was one of the only past reminders of the previous ownership of the Rover Group. It began to serve BMW well in the new century after BMW built a specialized plant to build the pint-size vehicles. Built in Oxford, England, the Mini became a global superstar after high demand required a 150% increase in production of the vehicle. The move towards a fully global reach has continued into the 2000s as BMW opened up not one but three new production plants. The Rolls-Royce plant opened in Goodwood in 2003 followed by a brand new facility in Shenyang, China. BMW also opened another plant at home. The Leipzig plant was considered to be not only a creator of art but a work of art itself. The plant won the German Architecture award the year after it opened. Today, BMW is governed by Strategie Number ONE...
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