Sindarin is one of the fictional languages devised by J. R. R. Tolkien for use in his fantasy stories set in Arda, primarily in Middle-earth. Sindarin is one of the many languages spoken by the Elves, called the Eledhrim [ɛˈlɛðrɪm] or Edhellim [ɛˈðɛlːɪm] in Sindarin.
Sindarin was designed to have a Welsh-like phonology. It has most of the same sounds and similar phonotactics.
Sindarin has a complex series of mutations. There are three main different types of mutations: soft mutation (or lenition), nasal mutation and stop (occlusive) mutation. Additionaly, a mixed mutation is also observed after certain particles or prepositions. Finally, it is presumed that Sindarin also once had what we could call an archaic spirantal mutation (also sometimes called liquid mutationby scholars). It is still uncertain whether this mutation is still productive or if it only occurs in ancient constructs. Initial mutations must not be confused with assimilations that may occur in compound words (such as, for instance, in the names Araphor, Arassuil, and Caradhras). The following table outlines how different consonants are affected by the different mutations: Here the apostrophe indicates elision. Words beginning in b-, d-, or g- which descend from older mb-, nd-, or ng-are affected differently by the mutations: Take, for example, the deictic article i, which triggers soft mu...
Sindarin pronouns, like those in English, still maintain some case distinction, having nominative, accusative, possessive, and dative forms. They are one of the poorly attested features of Sindarin. While recent publications offer a clearer picture, the whole system is yet to be attested. Thus the following table will list only the personal pronouns, marking the non-attested forms with asterisks.
Sindarin verbs are also quite complex. The number of attested verbs in Sindarin is small, although recent publications clarify most details of conjugation. There are two main types of verbs: basic and derived. Basic verbs have stems which end in a consonant, and derived verbs have stems which incorporate some sort derivational morpheme (such as a causative ending) which ends in -a.
The Cirth (Sindarin pronunciation: [ˈkirθ], meaning " runes "; sing. certh [ˈkɛrθ]) is a semi‑ artificial script, based on real‑life runic alphabets, invented by J. R. R. Tolkien for the constructed languages he devised and used in his works.
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Sindarin (IPA: ['sindarin]) är ett språk som skapades av J.R.R. Tolkien för hans fiktiva värld Arda. Språket talas av det alviska folket sindar, de teleri som blev kvar i Beleriand under den långa marschen från Cuiviénen till Valinor.
This update of our Sindarin Dictionary is for the first time in English, in the context of the new English part of our website. We have tried to present you a practical linguistic tool. In this dictionary, you will find only the words, without any etymology, always in a practical sense.
Tolkien derived his Elves from mentions in the ancient poetry and languages of Northern Europe, especially Old English. These suggested to him that elves were large, dangerous, beautiful, lived in wild natural places, and practised archery. He invented languages for the Elves including Sindarin and Quenya.
on-line sindarin dictionaries Home English Français Deutsch Words -- so innocent and powerless as they are, as standing in a dictionary, how potent for good and evil they become in the hands of one who knows how to combine them.
This dictionary is based on J.R.R. Tolkien's works, extended with etymological notes, phonetics and other information. Sindarin is the language of the Grey Elves, invented by J.R.R. Tolkienand exemplified in his masterful epic story The Lord of the Rings. This work aims at being a complete Sindarin and Noldorin dictionary, addressing not only
The Eldarin family of languages comprises Quenya, Telerin, Sindarin and Nandorin. The evolution in Quenya and Telerin of the nasalised initial groups of Quenderin is described thus in Tolkien's Outline of Phonology :