The city of Prague maintains its own EU delegation in Brussels called Prague House. Prague was the location of U.S. President Barack Obama's speech on 5 April 2009, which led to the New START treaty with Russia, signed in Prague on 8 April 2010.
- 7th century
- 100 00 – 199 00
- 399 m (1,309 ft)
- Czech Republic
The city bloomed in the 14th century under the Luxembourg dynasty during the reign of Charles IV, as Prague became one of Europe’s largest and wealthiest cities. During this period, Hradčany was established around 1320 and in 1338 the Old Town hall was established.
Prague, city, capital of the Czech Republic. Lying at the heart of Europe, it is one of the continent’s finest cities and the major Czech economic and cultural center. The city has a rich architectural heritage and numerous physical attractions and landmarks. Learn more about Prague.
Prague - Prague - History: For thousands of years that portion of the Vltava’s course where Prague was to rise was crossed by trade routes linking northern and southern Europe. The region is replete with Paleolithic relics, and Neolithic farmers inhabited the region from about 5000 to 2700 bce. Celts had settlements in the region from about 500 to 200 bce, including the fortified Závist, to ...
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- Foundation of Prague
- Prague During The Twentieth Century
- The Velvet Revolution
The land where Prague now lays was first inhabited by the Boii, a Gallic tribe after whom the region Bohemiawas named. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, the Germanic tribes settled in the region and during the sixth century the Slavic tribes established themselves in the area. By the ninth century, the city was called Prague. During this period, merchants and craftsmen settled around Prague Castle, built by the Prince Bořivoj I of the Czech Přemyslid dynasty(the dynasty responsible for the unification of the Czech tribes in the Bohemia region during the tenth century). In 950 the area became part of the Holy Roman Empire as an autonomous empire, and in 1061 the prosper settlement of Prague became the seat of the dukes of Bohemia. Wenceslas I (King of Bohemia from 1230 to 1253)founded theOld Townin Prague. To avoid conflicts between the different settlers,King Ottokar II founded Malá Strana (Lesser Town) in 1257 for the German people. Under the reign of the Holy Roman Emperor,...
With the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after World War I, the state of Czechoslovakia was created in 1918, choosing Prague as the capital city. In March 1939, Prague was invaded by the Nazi troops and was made a German protectorate. At the end of World War II, Prague was under the control of the Soviet Union and thus under a Communist regime. In 1968, Alexander Dubček became First Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia and led a movement called “socialism with a face”, aimed at democratising the country’s institutions mildly. This originated the Prague Spring, a six-month period of reforms granting more rights to the Czechoslovakians, until the Soviet Union, who did not accept this political liberalization, invaded the country by the Warsaw Pact (a defence treaty made up by the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, although the President of Romania, Ceausescu condemned the intervention).
Making the most of the Soviet crisis, on the 17th November, 1989, in Prague, students and dissidents demonstrated peacefully against the Communist Party for over a month, resulting in the end of Communist rule in the country. Since then, this demonstration has been called the Velvet Revolution or Gentle Revolution. In 1993, Czechoslovakia was divided into two separate states. Prague was made capital of the Czech Republic.
The four independent boroughs that had formerly constituted Prague were eventually proclaimed a single city in 1784. Those four cities were Hradčany (the Castle District, west and north of the Castle), Little Quarter (Malá Strana, south of the Castle), Old Town (Staré Město, on the east bank opposite the Castle) and New Town (Nové Město, further south and east).
Prague is one of central Europe's oldest and largest cities. Spared in large part from the destruction of World War II, Prague and its sights remain a major tourism destination. Its historic city center was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992. The best place to begin exploring Prague is the Old Town, a unique monument in and of ...
Most people think of Prague as a city of historic and period historical architecture, giving it an unmistakably romantic character. Yet Prague is rightly regarded as one of the leading centres of more modern architecture, which, while aesthetically distinctive, has became an inherent aspect of the city. The two inter-war decades were marked by the biggest architectural boom, both here and in ...
Based on physical area, Prague was the third-largest city in Europe after Rome and Constantinople. When one compares Prague with the other cities in medieval Europe and in particular with the established cities of the 12th to 14th centuries, the privileged position of the Prague New Town becomes clear.