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  1. Chinese Wikipedia - Wikipedia › wiki › Chinese_Wikipedia

    The Chinese Wikipedia was established along with 12 other Wikipedias in May 2001. At the beginning, however, the Chinese Wikipedia did not support Chinese characters, and had no encyclopedic content. In October 2002, the first Chinese-language page was written, the Main Page. A software update on 27 October 2002 allowed Chinese language input.

  2. Chinese language - Wikipedia › wiki › Chinese_language

    Standard Chinese, often called Mandarin, is the official standard language of China and Taiwan, and one of the four official languages of Singapore (where it is called "Huáyŭ" 华语 / 華語 or simply Chinese). Standard Chinese is based on the Beijing dialect, the dialect of Mandarin as spoken in Beijing.

  3. Chinese Wikipedia - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ... › wiki › Chinese_Wikipedia

    The Chinese Wikipedia (In Chinese: 中文維基百科 / 中文维基百科) is the Chinese-language edition of Wikipedia.This edition was started in October 24, 2002. The Chinese Wikipedia can show the same article in many different scripts, in both Simplified and Traditional script.

  4. China - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia › wiki › China
    • Origins
    • History
    • Geography
    • Politics
    • Military
    • Science and Technology
    • Demographics
    • Culture
    • Other Websites

    The first recorded use of the word "China" is dated 1555.[i] It is derived from chīnī, a Persian adjective meaning 'Chinese' which was popularized in Europe by Marco Polo.


    Ancient China was one of the first civilizations and was active since the 2nd millennium BC as a feudal society. Chinese civilization was also one of the few to invent writing, with the others being Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley civilization, the Maya civilization, the Minoan civilization of ancient Greece, and Ancient Egypt. It reached its golden age during the Tang Dynasty (c. A.D. 10th century). Home of Confucianism and Daoism, it had great influence on nearby countries including Japan, Ko...

    A new age

    While China achieved many things in the First millennium and early 2nd millennium, it became an isolationist country in the 15th century C.E.This was because Spain found enormous silver in the new continent, which was the main currency (money) in China and Europe at the time, and China did not want to be bought by the foreigners. By the time of the Renaissance, European powers started to take over other countries in Asia. While China was never actually taken over, many European countries, suc...

    China's landscape is vast and diverse. It ranges from the Gobi and Taklamakan Deserts in the north to subtropical forests in the south. The Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan mountain ranges separate China from much of South and Central Asia. The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers run from the Tibetan Plateau to the densely populated eastern coast. The Yangtze River is the third-longest river in the world while the Yellow River is the sixth-longest. China's coastline along the Pacific Ocean is 14,500 kilometers (9,000 mi) long. It is bounded by the Bohai, Yellow, East China and South China seas. China connects through the Kazakh border to the Eurasian Steppe. The Eurasian Steppe has been an artery of communication between East and West since the Neolithic through the Steppe route. The Steppe Route is the ancestor of the terrestrial Silk Road(s).

    China's constitution states that The People's Republic of China "is a socialist state under the people's democratic dictatorship led by the working class and based on the alliance of workers and peasants". It also states the state organs "apply the principle of democratic centralism." The PRC is one of the world's only socialist states openly being communist.

    With 2.3 million active troops, the People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the largest standing military force in the world. The PLA is commanded by the Central Military Commission (CMC).China has the second-biggest military reserve force, only behind North Korea. The PLA consists of the Ground Force (PLAGF), the Navy (PLAN), the Air Force (PLAAF), and the People's Liberation Army Rocket Force (PLARF). According to the Chinese government, China's military budget for 2017 was US$151,5 billion. China has the world's second-largest military budget.

    China was once a world leader in science and technology up until the Ming dynasty. There are many Ancient Chinese discoveries and inventions. For example, papermaking, printing, the compass, and gunpowder are known as the Four Great Inventions. They became widespread across East Asia, the Middle East and later to Europe. Chinese mathematicians were the first to use negative numbers. By the 17th century, Europe and the Western world became better than China in science and technology.

    The national census of 2010 recorded the population of the People's Republic of China to be about 1,370,536,875. About 16.60% of the population were 14 years old or younger, 70.14% were between 15 and 59 years old, and 13.26% were over 60 years old. The population growth rate for 2013 is estimated to be 0.46%.

    China is the origin of Eastern martial arts, called Kung Fu or its first name Wushu. China is also the home of the well-respected Spa Monastery and Wudang Mountains. Martial art started more for the purpose of survival, defense, and warfare than art. Over time some art formshave branched off, while others have retained their distinct Chinese flavor. China has had renowned artists including Wong Fei Hung (Huang Fei Hung or Hwang Fei Hung) and many others. Art has also co-existed with a variety of paints including the more standard 18 colors. Legendary and controversial moves like Big Mak are also praised and talked about within the culture. China has many traditional festivals, such as Spring Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-autumn Festival and so on. The most important is Chinese New Year. People in China will have holidays to celebrate these festivals.

  5. Chinese Wikipedia - Meta › wiki › Chinese_Wikipedia
    • Facts
    • Prominent Milestones/Events
    • Features
    • See Also

    Started:May 2001; content in Chinese added since October 2002 Current size:1,211,611 articles Total edits:66,341,131 Active editors:8,956 in the past month Areas of strength 1. Multiple writing systems for simplified/traditional Chinese (see below) 2. Popular culture of Greater China Areas of weakness 1. Blocked in the People's Republic of China (see Wikimedia projects blocks) 2. Due to the cultural difference and the difference in translation among PRC, HK, TW and other communities, there are often disputes and edit conflicts, especially for political articles. Thus, the time consuming process of dispute resolution and consensus building is required. 3. Absence of software robots for vandal fighting. 4. Most users good at translation do not have sufficient time, and those who have sufficient time are weak in translation. As a result, many articles are left partially translated. Who is the competitor? 1. Online 1.1. Baidu Baike (百度百科) 1.2. Britannica Online (大英在線) 1.3. Wordpedia (智慧...

    Blocked and unblocked by the People's Republic of China
    January 2005 - new Chinese mapping software
    August 2006 - First ever Chinese Wikimedia conference in Hong Kong

    What language features are challenging? 1. At least two main writing systems exist -- traditional and simplified Chinese. Until January 2005, zh.wp was a mix of articles of both types depending on the origin of the article creator/editors. User:Mountain helped create a generic automated mapping system which has helped other languages as well, such as Serbian. See the article: Automatic_conversion_between_simplified_and_traditional_Chinese What would surprise the outside reader about the community? 1. Even though it is generally blocked in the PRC, a significant number of core contributors are able to use proxy software to get to Wikipedia. 2. Community makeup -- one quarter from Hong Kong, one quarter from Taiwan, and the rest smaller numbers from China, US, Canada, Singapore, Malaysia and other locations. (As of end of 2006, see CWMC 2006) 3. chapters 3.1. Wikimedia Taiwan(existing) 3.2. Wikimedia Hong Kong(dissolved at 1 Feb 2017) 3.3. Wikimedia Macau(dissolved in 2017) 3.4. Wikim...

  6. Wu Chinese - Wikipedia › wiki › Wu_Chinese

    Wu Chinese Online Association ( Template:Zh) –. A website aimed at modernization of Wu Chinese, including basics of Wu, Wu romanization scheme, pronunciation dictionaries of different dialects, Wu input method development, Wu research literatures, written Wu experiment, Wu orthography, a discussion forum etc.

  7. People also ask

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  8. Chinese – Wikipedia › wiki › Chinese

    Chinese steht für: . Staatsbürger Chinas, siehe Völker Chinas; Angehöriger der Han-Chinesen, siehe Han (Ethnie); Siehe auch: Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 5. April 2021 um 11:17 Uhr bearbeitet.

  9. Chinese renminbi - Wikipedia › wiki › Chinese_renminbi
    • Uitspraak
    • Taal
    • Munten en Biljetten
    • Wisselkoers
    • Offshore Renminbi
    • Opname in SDR
    • Externe Links

    De (munt)eenheid van renminbi is yuan (元), in spreektaal meestal kuai (塊 / 块) genoemd. Een yuan is verdeeld in tien jiao (角) of mao (毛 - "veer") in de spreektaal, en een jiao bestaat uit tien fen(分). Fen zijn zo weinig waard dat ze bijna niet gebruikt worden in de steden, behalve in de grote supermarkten.

    Op alle recente munten staat vereenvoudigd Chinees en hanyu pinyin. Op de alle recente bankbiljetten staat vereenvoudigd Chinees, hanyu pinyin, Mongools, Tibetaans, Oeigoers en Zhuangyu.

    Renminbi bestaat in munten en papiergeld. Er zijn munten van 1, 2 en 5 fen, van 1, 2, en 5 jiao, en van 1 yuan. De munten van 2 jiao worden bijna niet meer gebruikt. Briefjes zijn er van 1, 2 en 5 jiao, en van 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 en 100 yuan. Op de voorkant van alle yuanbiljetten van de recentste serie staat het portret van Mao Zedong, terwijl op de achterkant telkens een bekend Chinees gebouw of landschap staat. Er bestaan ook — heel kleine — briefjes van fen, maar deze worden weinig gebruikt. Gouden munten zijn (anno 2008): 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, 400, 450, 500, en 1 000 yuan.

    Koppeling met dollar

    De renminbi is lange tijd gekoppeld aan de Amerikaanse dollar. Van 1951 tot 1971 was de vastgestelde koers 2,46 renminbi per Amerikaanse dollar. In twee stappen werd de koers bijgesteld naar 1,50 renminbi in 1981. De Chinese economie was gericht op importsubstitutie en de overgewaardeerde renminbi maakte de import van buitenlandse productiemiddelen aantrekkelijk. Vanaf eind jaren 80 is de export een grotere rol gaan spelen. Om de export te stimuleren had het land een zwakke munt nodig en de w...

    Koppeling aan mandje

    Op 11 december 2015 besloten de Chinese beleidsmakers de waardeontwikkeling van de renminbi niet langer uitsluitend te koppelen aan de Amerikaanse dollar. In het vervolg wordt de waarde bepaald aan de hand van een valutamandje, waaronder naast de dollar ook de euro en de yen, waardoor de renminbi een handelsgewogen valuta wordt. In de laatste jaren is de dollar sterker geworden en daardoor ook indirect de renminbi waardoor de concurrentiepositie van China op de wereldmarkt is verslechterd.Met...

    De Volksbank van China introduceerde in 2010 een "offshore" markt voor de yuan. De handel in de offshore yuan vindt voornamelijk in Hongkong plaats en deze yuan is vrij verhandelbaar. Deze koers, met de afkorting CNH, mag in principe vrij bewegen ten opzichte van andere valuta zoals de Amerikaanse dollar. De officiële wisselkoers van de yuan, de "onshore" met de afkorting CNY, wordt dagelijks door de Chinese Centrale Bankvastgesteld.

    Vanwege het grote aandeel van China in de internationale handel heeft het IMF onderzoek gedaan naar de mogelijkheid de renminbi op te nemen in het mandje van de Speciale trekkingsrechten (SDR). China had in de periode 2010-2014 een aandeel van 11% in de wereldhandel.In het financiële verkeer wordt de renminbi echter veel minder gebruikt. Het wordt nog nauwelijks aangehouden in de officiële reserves, er staan weinig internationale obligaties uit in deze valuta en bij de internationale handel wordt het ook weinig gebruikt. In december 2015 viel het besluit dat de renminbi tot het mandje van belangrijkste wereldvaluta gaat behoren. Op 1 oktober 2016 werd dit besluit effectief en toen kreeg de renminbi in de SDR een gewicht van 10,9%. De belangrijkste munt in de SDR blijft de dollar met 41,7% en de euro met bijna 31%. De yen en het Britse pond volgen met elk ruim 8%. Strikt genomen voldoet de renminbi nog niet aan alle officiële criteria: de munt is nog niet volledig vrij verhandelbaar...

    Bloomberg Waarde offshore yuan vs dollar (CNH)
    Bloomberg waarde onshore yuan vs dollar (CNY)
    (en) (de) (fr) Yuan Renminbi - Historische en actuele bankbiljetten van China (CNY / RMB) 1953-2019. Geraadpleegd op 6 november 2019.
    (en) (de) (fr) Yuan FEC - Deviezencertificaten (FEC) van de Volksrepubliek China 1980-1994.
  10. Chinese Man — Wikipédia › wiki › Chinese_Man
    • Biographie
    • Discographie
    • Liens Externes

    Formation et débuts

    Chinese Man est formé en 2004 à Aix-en-Provence, dans les Bouches-du-Rhône. Le collectif se popularise grâce au morceau I've Got that Tune, choisi par Mercedes-Benz pour sa campagne promotionnelle et dont le festival du film français de Hong Kong a fait son thème[1]. Chinese Man fait ses débuts en 2005 avec l'EP The Pandi Groove, publié sur leur propre label discographique, Chinese Man Records[2]. Le collectif publie plusieurs autres EPs avant la sortie de son premier album The Groove Session...

    Années 2010

    En juin 2010, ils font un concert aux Solidays à Longchamp. Ils apparaissent également le même été aux Artefacts de Strasbourg et aux Arts scéniques de Sélestat, puis en juillet, ils participent au festival de Domaize, en prélude au set hip-hop expérimental de DJ Shadow. En avril 2011, ils sont à l'affiche du Sunday Reggae au Printemps de Bourges[5]. Ils jouent ensuite au Rock'n Solex à Rennes, au festival lorrain Le Jardin du Michel à Bulligny, aux festivals Terres du Son à Monts, Au Pont du...


    1. 2010 : Femi Kuti - Day by Day(Chinese Man Remix) 2. 2010 : Belleruche – You're Listening to the Worlds(Chinese Man Remix) 3. 2011 : Dub Pistols - Ganjafeat. Rodney P. (Chinese Man Remix) 4. 2011 : Femi Kuti - Bad Government(Chinese Man Remix) 5. 2012 : Biga Ranx - Shame(Chinese Man Remix) 6. 2012 : Hugo Kant - This old relaxation(Zé Mateo Remix) 7. 2012 : Remix with the Sun 8. 2018 : Shikantaza Remix (Chinese Man Remix)


    1. 2017 : Chinese Man & Tha Trickaz Ft. Youthstar, A.S.M ( A State Of Mind) - Operaz 2. 2020 : Chinese Man, Scratch Bandits Crew, Baja Frequencia - The Groove Sessions Vol.5, 15 titres

    Site officiel[archive]
    Ressources relatives à la musique :
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