In 1973 the Republic of Ireland joined the European Communities (EC) as a member state which would later become the European Union (EU). Upon its foundation, the Irish Free State was embroiled in a civil war between nationalists supporting the Treaty and opponents who supported the existing Republic.
History of Ireland. Chronology. Peoples and polities. Topics. Ireland portal. v. t. e. The first evidence of human presence in Ireland dates to around 33,000 years ago, with further findings dating the presence of homo sapiens to around 10,500 to 7,000 BC. 
Ireland (/ ˈ aɪər l ə n d / ; Irish: Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] ; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is about 486 kilometres (302 miles) long and about 288 kilometres (179 miles) wide. To the west of Ireland is the Atlantic Ocean; to the east of Ireland is the island of Great Britain. Over 6.4 million people lived on the ...
Geography of Ireland; Continent: Europe: Region: Northwestern Europe: Coordinates: Area • Total: 84,421 km 2 (32,595 sq mi) • Land: 98.2% • Water: 1.8%: Coastline: 7,524 km (4,675 mi) Highest point: Carrauntoohil 1,039 metres (3,409 ft) Lowest point
History of Ireland. The history of Ireland begins in the past. Ireland is now divided into the Republic of Ireland, and Northern Ireland which is part of the United Kingdom. People began farming on Ireland thousands of years ago. The Celts moved there about 2,500 years ago.
Ireland is a parliamentary, representative democratic republic and a member state of the European Union. While the head of state is the popularly elected President of Ireland, it is a largely ceremonial position, with real political power being vested in the Taoiseach, who is nominated by the Dáil and is the head of the government .
According to the Constitution of Ireland, the names of the Irish state are Ireland (English) and Éire (Irish).  From 1922 to 1937, its legal names were the Irish Free State (English) and Saorstát Éireann (Irish). The state has jurisdiction over almost five-sixths of the island of Ireland. The rest of the island is Northern Ireland, a part ...