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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › ScotlandScotland - Wikipedia

    Scotland (Scots: Scotland; Scottish Gaelic: Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.It contains nearly one-third of the United Kingdom's land area, consisting of the northern part of the island of Great Britain and more than 790 adjacent islands, principally in the archipelagos of the Hebrides and the Northern Isles.

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      The Church of Scotland (Scots: The Kirk o Scotland; Scottish...

  2. The recorded history of Scotland begins with the arrival of the Roman Empire in the 1st century, when the province of Britannia reached as far north as the Antonine Wall. North of this was Caledonia, inhabited by the Picti, whose uprisings forced Rome's legions back to Hadrian's Wall. As Rome finally withdrew from Britain, a Gaelic tribe from ...

    • Geology and Morphology
    • Physical Geography
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    The land area of Scotland is 30,090 square miles (77,900 km2), 32% of the area of the United Kingdom (UK). The mainland of Scotland has 6,160 miles (9,910 km) of coastline. The morphology of Scotland was formed by the action of tectonic plates, and subsequent erosion arising from glaciation. The major division of Scotland is the Highland Boundary F...

    Main points

    The main points of the Scottish mainland are: 1. North: Easter Head, Dunnet Head, Caithness 2. East: Keith Inch, Peterhead, Aberdeenshire 3. South: Mull of Galloway, Dumfries and Galloway 4. West: Corrachadh Mòr, Ardnamurchan (headland), Lochaber It is often yet incorrectly stated that John o' Groats is the most northerly point of mainland Scotland. The pre-Union phrase "John o' Groats to Maidenkirk" was the Scottish equivalent of the British Land's End to John o' Groats. The extreme points o...

    Land use

    The total land area of Scotland is 8,023,947 hectares. Grasses and rough grazing account for 67% of the land area, forest and woodland 17%, urban development 8%, crops and fallow 7%, and other agricultural land accounts for 2%.

    Topography, mountains and hills

    Scotland contains the most mountainous terrain in Great Britain. Much of the highest uplands lie to the north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault in the Northwest Highlands and Grampian ranges. The jagged Cuillin, on the Isle of Skye, represents a major mountain range that is not located on the Scottish mainland. Located at the western end of the Grampian Mountains, at an elevation of 1,345 m (4,413 ft), Ben Nevis is the highest mountain in Scotland and Great Britain. Ben Macdui and Braer...

    The climate of Scotland is temperate and very changeable, but rarely extreme. Scotland is warmed by the North Atlantic Drift and given the northerly location of the country, experiences much milder conditions than areas on similar latitudes, such as Labrador in Canada—where icebergsare a common feature in winter. Average temperatures are lower than...

    According to the General Register Office for Scotland, the total population of Scotland stood at 5,168,500 in June 2008, an increase of 2.1% since the census of April 2001. Scotland's share of the United Kingdom population has been declining in recent years and stands at just over 8.5% due to differential rates of growth in the home nations. Howeve...

    The territorial extent of Scotland is generally that established by the 1237 Treaty of York between Scotland and England and the 1266 Treaty of Perth between Scotland and Norway. Exceptions include: the Isle of Man, which having been lost to England in the 14th century is now a crown dependency outside of the United Kingdom, the acquisition of Orkn...

    The nominal gross domestic product (GDP) of Scotland in 2023 was estimated to be £211.7 billion ($290 billion USD) including oil and gas extraction in Scottish waters. resulting a per capita GDP of approximately £38,622 per person. Major industries include banking and financial services, steelmaking, transport equipment manufacturing, oil and gas, ...

  3. 1 day ago · The name Scotland derives from the Latin Scotia, land of the Scots, a Celtic people from Ireland who settled on the west coast of Great Britain about the 5th century ce. The name Caledonia has often been applied to Scotland, especially in poetry. It is derived from Caledonii, the Roman name of a tribe in the northern part of what is now ...

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  4. Scotland was an important part of the colonialism and imperialism of the British Empire. Scots colonists emigrated throughout the empire, and a large diaspora of Scots lives throughout the world as a result. The Scottish Enlightenment was an important part of the Age of Enlightenment.

  5. Scotland is: a country of the United Kingdom. Scotland was: an independent, sovereign country until 1707 when it formed a union with England. Population of Scotland: 5,436,600 (2022 census) Area of Scotland: 78 772 km 2 (30,414 square miles), approximately 32% of the area of the United Kingdom (UK) Places in Scotland. Atlas of Scotland.

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