The County Palatine of the Rhine (German: kurfürstliche Pfalzgrafschaft bei Rhein or kurfürstlich rheinische Pfalzgrafschaft), later the Electorate of the Palatinate (Kurfürstentum Pfalz) or simply Electoral Palatinate (Kurpfalz), was a territory in the Holy Roman Empire (specifically, a palatinate) administered by the count palatine of the Rhine.
Frederick V, elector Palatine of the Rhine, king of Bohemia (as Frederick I, 1619–20), and director of the Protestant Union. Brought up a Calvinist, partly in France, Frederick succeeded his father, Frederick IV, both as elector and as director of the Protestant Union in 1610, with Christian of
Frederick III, elector Palatine of the Rhine (1559–76) and a leader of the German Protestant princes who worked for a Protestant victory in Germany, France, and the Netherlands. Frederick adopted Lutheranism in 1546 and Calvinism somewhat later. His Calvinism and his opposition to the Habsburg e
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Rupert II, Count Palatine of the Rhine (German: Ruprecht II., der Harte (der Ernste)) (12 May 1325, Amberg – 6 January 1398, Amberg). He was the Elector Palatine of the Rhine from the house of Wittelsbach in 1390–1398.
- Counts Palatine of Lotharingia, 915–1085
- Counts Palatine of The Rhine, 1085–1356
- Younger History
The Palatinate emerged from the County Palatine of Lotharingia, which came into existence in the 10th century. 1. Wigeric of Lotharingia, count of the Bidgau (c.915/916–922) 2. Godfrey, count of the Jülichgau (c. 940)
From about 1085/1086, after the death of the last Ezzonian palatine count, Herman II of Lotharingia, the Palatinate lost its military importance in Lotharingia. The territorial authority of the count palatine was reduced to his counties along the Rhine, from then on called County Palatine of the Rhine. 1. Heinrich II of Laach, 1085–95 2. Sigfried of Ballenstadt, 1095–1113 3. Gottfried of Kalw, 1113–29 4. William of Ballenstedt, 1129–39 5. Henry IV Jasomirgott, 1139–42 6. Hermann III of Stahleck, 1142–55
Only after the great restorations of 1815, the (Rhenish or Lower) Palatinate, albeit without any prince-electoral role any longer, was restored as one of then eight Bavarian Districts (= provinces). After WW II the American Military Government for Germany took it away from Bavaria and put it together with neighbouring territories to form a new state called Rhenania-Palatinate (German: Rheinland-Pfalz) with Mainz as the state capital. The people - as far as the Palatinian share amongst them was concerned, having felt a deep sense of neglet from the side of the distant governments in Munich for generations - later approved by plebiscite.
↑ Kohnle, Armin (2005). "Mittelalterliche Grundlagen; Pfalzgraftenamt, Territorialentwicklung und Kurwürde" (in German). Kleine Geschichte der Kurpfalz. Regionalgeschichte-fundiert und kompakt (Fir...
Frederick IV, Elector Palatine of the Rhine (German: Kurfürst Friedrich IV. von der Pfalz; 5 March 1574 – 19 September 1610), only surviving son of Louis VI, Elector Palatine and Elisabeth of Hesse, called "Frederick the Righteous" (German: Friedrich Der Aufrichtige; French: Frédéric IV le juste).
The Electorate of the Palatinate was a state of the Holy Roman Empire, based along the Upper Rhine around Heidelberg and Mannheim. The Electorate of the Palatinate emerged from the County Palatine of Lotharingia of the Ezzonian Dynasty. After their extinction in 1195/1196/6, the Counts Palatine lost their military importance and were reduced to their territories along the Rhine, and became ...
- 1623 - 1648
Philip the Upright (German: Philipp der Aufrichtige) (14 July 1448 – 28 February 1508) was an Elector Palatine of the Rhine from the house of Wittelsbach from 1476 to 1508. Philip the Upright Philip, Count Palatine of the Rhine and his wife, Margaret of Bavaria