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  1. The Daddy-long-legs Spider, Pholcus phalangioides, is found throughout Australia. It is a cosmopolitan species that originates from Europe and was introduced accidentally into Australia. Several other introduced species and about 60 described native pholcids also occur here, the latter usually in natural environments.

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    If you haven't guessed already, pholcid spiders often take up residence in basements, sheds, garages, and other similar structures. They construct irregular, stringy webs (another way to differentiate them from harvestman, which doesn't produce silk). Most (but not all) cellar spiders have legs that are disproportionately long for their bodies. The...

    Kingdom – Animalia Phylum – Arthropoda Class – Arachnida Order – Araneae Infraorder - Araneomorphae Family - Pholcidae

    Cellar spiders prey on insects and other spiders and are particularly fond of eating ants. They are highly sensitive to vibrations and will close in on an unsuspecting arthropod rapidly if it happens to wander into its web. Cellar spiders have also been observed purposely vibrating the webs of other spiders, as a tricky way of luring in a meal.

    Female cellar spiders wrap their eggs loosely in silk to form a rather flimsy but effective egg sac. The mother pholcid carries the egg sac in her jaws. Like all spiders, the young spiderlings hatch from their eggs looking similar to adults. They molt their skin as they grow into adults.

    When they feel threatened, cellar spiders will vibrate their webs rapidly, presumably to confuse or deter the predator. It's unclear whether this makes the pholcid more difficult to see or catch, but it's a strategy that seems to work for the cellar spider. Some people refer to them as vibrating spiders because of this habit. Cellar spiders are als...

    Worldwide, there are nearly 900 species of cellar spiders, with most living in the tropics. Just 34 species live in North America (north of Mexico), and some of these were introduced. Cellar spiders are most often associated with human dwellings, but also inhabit caves, leaf litter, rock piles, and other protected natural environments.

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  4. Jan 4, 2022 · The Long-bodied Cellar Spider can be seen bouncing on its own web to make itself harder to see by blurring itself to the observer. This behavior serves to disorient a predator or threat. Normally, they simply hang up-side-down, waiting for insects to wander into their web. The Long-bodied Cellar Spider has very small chelicera (mouth parts) and ...

  5. Pholcus phalangioides is found throughout the world. It is a common cellar spider throughout the United States. (Emerton, 1902; Jackman, 1997) Other Geographic Terms; cosmopolitan; Habitat. Pholcus phalangiodes can be found in undisturbed, low light locations. Some places one might encounter this spider are in basements, under stones, under ledges, and in caves.

  6. All cellar spiders have oval-shaped bodies that range in color from pale yellowish to light brown or gray. Adult female long-bodied cellar spiders have a body length of about ¼-5/16” (7-8 mm) with front legs about 1 ¾-1 15/16” (45-50 mm) long. Adult male long-bodied cellar spiders have a body length of about ¼” (6 mm).

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